Slightly older newborns are beginning to learn to move their head with their eyes, hold a rattle in one hand this is using gross motor skills. They have also begun to old their head and are able to sit with support also rolling completely over from their back to their front or their front to their backs. Babies from the age of 6-months have become sight’s stronger to newborns, they have learnt to sit alone unaided, possibly learnt how to crawl or bottom shuffle as well as learning to point to wanted objects whilst making babbling and cooing sounds.
Babies aged 12-months have become even stronger and becoming more familiar with their bodies, the expected guideline for this age is, the majority should be standing while holding but also be taking their first steps, they can owe put cubes into a box when shown. Most babies at this point should be able to use a spoon to attempt to feed their self. Toddlers aged 18-months are now able to walk up and down stairs with both feet on one step, some toddlers may now be able to feed themselves with finger foods such as sandwiches,crisps, pizza and a yoghurt.
Some toddlers may even be able to draw simple things like circles. Toddlers at this stage may be putting on their own shoes but on but only capable of undoing laces. Toddlers aged 2-3 years have now learnt how to use their gross and fine trot skills, they are able to stand and walk on tiptoe, kick a ball confidently, jump from low steps I. E. The bottom stair, turn single pages in a book as well as pedal a bike and thread large beads on thread. Toddlers this age often really enjoy simple jigsaw puzzles.
Children aged 3-5 years have developed even more and become even stronger within such a short time scale, you will find children are now very independent, learning to run faster, hit a ball with a bat, form letters to write their own name, accurately use safe children scissors also learning to skip. Children at this stage are potty training or even completely dry day and night. Children aged 5-7 years have now started school full time within the United Kingdom, they can work independently for a short while.
The have now developed finer manipulation when building with bricks or making a jigsaw, some children may have full control of a pencil and be able to do a more detailed drawing. Children aged 7-1 1 years have now discovered roller balding, balancing on a wall or beam, able to tie and I-IN-tie laces, read a book independently and able to write a sentence with full understanding of basic punctuation. Some girls aged around 1 0 years have now begun puberty with a growth spurt and increase in body strength.
Older children/ teenagers aged 11-16 years have now all begun puberty boys puberty is around 13-16 years and they will be stronger than girls. For girls puberty is normally complete by the age of 14 years once their periods have begun. Teenagers aged 16-19 years are usually fully developed by this stage. B) Newborn babies aged 0-6 months communicate by crying, they are learning to move their head to sounds. Some babies stop crying a the sound f a human voice except in cases where the baby is extremely upset, babies closer to 5-6 months are starting to communicate by cooing and responding to parent/careers voice.
Babies blink to bright lights and stare and their career. Babies at this age are learning new things constantly. Babies aged 6-12 months are leaning to make sounds using vowels like ‘ooh and ‘ah-ah’ they laugh and chuckle when involved in loud play , they may have also begun to learn simple words like mama and Dada as well as understanding ‘no’ and bye’ Babies at this age are very curious and easily distracted by movements. Babies aged 12-18 months are now familiar with their own name. They are learning to join in with nursery rhymes and simple actions.
Babies at this age maybe able to respond to simple instructions like ‘fetch your shoes’ or ‘ clap your hands’ babies will often point to interesting objects especially outside, they may be able to point to parts of their body. Toddlers aged 18-24 months now have understanding of many words and are able to say simple things like ‘l love you’ By 24 months they know more than 200 words, they are able to refer to their own name and talk to themselves during play. Toddlers may be able to build a tower using 3 cubes once they have been shown, some toddlers may be able to a few pages at a time in a book.
Toddlers aged 2-3 years are now expanding their vocabulary while including plurals and vowels. They are possibly capable of holding simple conversations and enjoys repetition of their favorite stories. At this age they are usually capable of counting to 10 where as some children can count to 20. They may be capable of using a paint brush as well as using scissors to cut correctly. Children aged 3-areas can now be understood by strangers when expressing sentence, some children may know their body parts and names of animals.
Their sentence are now grammatically correct. Children at this stage are likely able to color In pictures neatly, match symbols and numbers together. At this stage children are learning most things through play, this could be imaginative in a pretend kitchen or even outside building with blocks, counting how many in each tower to make them equal heights. Children aged 5-7 years have now learnt how to put a full simple sentence together, its possible that some children will be at higher levels than others hen it comes to reading and writing.
We are aware that children at this age like to make up there own words that are not in the English dictionary, they are just trying to expand their vocabulary but do not have full understanding of proper words. Its quite possible they can now tell you their own made up story but not quite write it down correctly with full understanding. Children aged 7-1 1 years are now becoming aware of social media, this does not not apply to all 7-11 years this could all depend on their home life, maybe having older siblings that use social media.
Some 7-8 year old children have come familiar with ‘Face Time’ this is from an apple device such as a pad, phone or pods, which will allow them to see one another by video. Over the last few years this has become the biggest form off communication around the world, being able to speak to pen pals or even family in a different country. Children do not have full understanding of how to communicate through a email without the help of an adult. They are also using the internet to learn subjects such as math’s and literacy, there are many websites for children at home and school that are safe to use.
These can be extremely lawful when children want to do fun activities at home whilst learning. Children at this stage have Sat papers towards the end of the last primary school year which is year 6, also known as key Stage 2, this is to prepare them for secondary school and see what level of education they are currently developing at. Teenagers aged 1 1-16 often no longer communicating through a conversation face to face, for the last few years social media, text messages and emails have become so popular world wide, its often been noticed they will even text parents/careers what they would like for their tea that evening.
Social media can occasionally be a dangerous form of communication, where it has been know for young children and teens to of been groomed via the internet. Children are always made aware at school of the dangers about giving out personal information to people they do not know, they are also spoken to about never to meet a stranger of the internet regardless how nice the person may seem. Teenagers towards the age of 15-16 are about to study for their GEESE exams, this stands for General Certificate of Secondary Education.
These exams are compulsory in England and they provide a inform framework for assessment, the grades are crucial when it comes to higher educations as higher grades are need for A level and university courses. Teenagers ages 16-19 years are now mostly communicating via again social media, emails and text messages, they are again made aware of the dangers while in higher education. Children at this age are often using slang talk, this is a form of abbreviating words or changing words like ;no’ to ‘nah’ and ‘hello to ‘you’ this can often change in the cities you live. ) Babies aged 0-months are learning to respond positively to their main are, they are able to copy facial expressions from another person. They quite often stare at bright lights or objects, they have started to show an interest in other babies and beginning to smile at them. They quite often have become attached to some form of comforter this could be a dummy, blanket or a teddy. Babies at this age will quite often show fear of strangers and become distressed when separated from career.
Babies aged 6-12 months are now beginning to recognize unfamiliar faces, they have now begun to show a stranger anxiety and can be emotionally volatile. Babies this age are very interested with everything around them. Babies ages 12-18 months have developed so much more in such a small time scale, they are more demanding and assertive and signs of temper tantrums starting. You may often find at this age they are unhappy with a change in their routine, often they will express rage in being told ‘no’ Babies are now capable at playing alone and starting to develop object permanence. This is usually an idea to Start toilet training.
Quite Often you will find they will not want to share with others and will often hear the word ‘mine’ and will pull jack from other person or persons. Toddles aged 18-24 will now be enjoying other children’s company but will still be reluctant to share to share toys, they may have begun to show distress when another child is upset usually this can trigger the other child to cry. Toddlers aged 2-areas are now aware of their identity, they will play in small groups of 2 or 3 along with sharing ideas in imaginative play, they are also capable of playing along side one another this is called parallel play.
Toddlers are now able to share with others during play unless this is a form of informer for them, they have become full aware of there sex being a boy or girl. Many families will now be seeing full temper tantrums from screaming fits, chucking their bodies to the floor, throwing objects you may find this could happen in public as well as at home. Children aged 3-5 years enjoy co-operative and dramatic play, they have learnt to take turns and becoming engrossed in activities. They have begun fear Of ghosts and things under their beds, they will often want some form of night light in their rooms.
Children have now expressed concerns about not Ewing liked by others this can often cause distress and will need reassurance every so often. Children at this age are capable at expressing their feelings from sad to happy, this can be expressed in many ways from crying or looking withdrawn to always smiling, laughing and showing hyperactivity. Children aged 5-7 years are able to form their own friendship groups, you may find this can cause distress especially while at school. They will now play with children with the opposite sex, they have started to become more independent and confident.
They are more aware of what is right and wrong UT will still occasionally test the boundaries especially from the main career. Children aged 7-1 1 years will now focus on their peers this has now changed to the same sex groups for the majority of the time, they have started to care what other people think about them and this can cause distress for the child keeping up with other peers when it comes to fashion. At this age you may find they have become unsure about changes to a new setting, this could include a new school, new home or a change in family circumstances.
Teenagers aged 1 1-16 years now usually know there body, this can increase issues with their self esteem and vulnerability, they are resolving changes into becoming an adult, you may find they are wanting to spend more time with their friends than family and will often not want to join in on family occasions. Peer pressure can have a massive impact at this Stage on there career as leaving school occurs they often listen to advice from the friends instead of their career.
Teenagers aged 16-19 years are now more inclined to make decisions for themselves, they will ask careers for advice when making huge decisions. At this age the majority have now moved on to higher education wither this be 6 arm, college or even going to university. They are now extremely independent and will no longer hesitate to express their ideas or feeling within the home life or public. Peer pressure is usually no longer an issue as they have now figured their own feelings and everything about themselves. 1. Describe with examples how different aspects of development can affect one another. As we are now aware that children and young people develop at different stages, although there are different aspects of development that can affect one another. For the majority of the time you will find that one aspect will lead to another, here I have some examples of how different stages may affect one another. Babies that are later in developing how to roll from one side to another may cause upset and frustration if they are unable to roll to reach an object next to them.
Children that come from different countries may find it difficult to interact with other children due to a language barrier or for a child with a speech impediment it could also be difficult to interact as they have a condition such as ‘selective mute’ or maybe just not able to say certain sounds making the words sound incorrect, this could also dead to the child having no or low self esteem in this case it could affect their social, emotional and intellectual development.