Understand how to support the nutritional and dietary needs of children 4. 1 Define the basic nutritional requirements of children to ensure a balanced diet and meet government guidance. Children and young people need to have and maintain a good and healthy die t, therefore it is important for staff to promote healthy eating to both children and parents. Having and maintaining a healthy diet during childhood can improve the child ‘s concentration and behavior, it makes it a lot easier to maintain a healthy weight and can reduce the risk of developing diseases such as tooth decay, heart disease, diabetes and cancer.
Healthy eating is all about getting the right balance, so that the body gets enough of the important nutrients. Children need to get the right balance between food and nutrients to develop and grow. To improve the quality of food that children eat, the government have laid down nutrition standards that schools and other local authorities must meet and so that adults and children understand, learn and enjoy healthy eating. The guide in which is produced is shaped like a dinner plate and is divided into five sections. ‘The Healthy Eating Plate’ is designed to make healthy eating guidelines simple and easy to understand.
The five sections show five different food groups of which provide certain nut orients. These are: Bread, Potatoes, Pasta. Nutrients provided = Carbohydrates (Starch) Calcium Iron Vitamins (B) Dietary Fiber -5 Fruit & Vegetables Nutrients provided Vitamin C Carotenes Foliates Carbohydrates -5 Milk & Dairy Foods Nutrients provided -? Protein Vitamin 812 Vitamin D Meat & Fish Alternatives B Vitamins (BOB) Zinc Magnesium Fat & Sugar Fat (moderate amount) Carbohydrates (Sugar) Rest benison To ensure a balanced diet the body needs the correct amount of nutrition, buy t in the right quantities.
We also have to think about the child’s age, size, activity/ energy levels and of course gender. These all play a big part, which is why understanding the individuals d dietary needs is so important. There are also other factors that will affect a child’s diet such as et humanity, religion, beliefs, illness and the child’s culture. You should NOT force a child to eat when they do not wish to, and you should never refuse to give more food to a child if they are really, generally still hungry. So, how much food should a child be given…? One way to ensure a balanced diet is to look at the 5 main food groups.
Bread/potatoes/ cereals, Fruit and vegetables, Milk and Dairy foods, Meat, Fish and Alternatives, and Fatty/sugary foods. Children need to be given the recommended number of portions from each f DOD group to maintain a balanced diet. This will ensure that they are receiving all the nutrient ants they need but in the correct amount. Potatoes/Bread/Cereals Children need 5 portions per day from this food group. These are high energy foods and include things such as pasta, rice, pasta, noon idles, bread and cereals. One Portion -? 1 slice of bread, 1 bowl of cereal, 2 tabs pasta or rice, 1 small potato.
Fruit and Vegetables Children need 4 portions per day and at least one portion should be high in vi taming C. These Foods provide a lot of vitamins and minerals. Green vegetables contain iron, while citrus fruits potatoes contain most of the vitamin C. One Portion 1 glass of fruit juice (Fresh), 1 piece of fruit, 2 tabs cooked beget abeles. Milk and dairy products Children need 3 portions from this food group per day. This food group contains protein, vitamins A and B and are rich sources of cal scum. One Portion = 1 glass of milk, one yoghurt, tablespoon of grated cheese.