We have no idea whether they are on track Of working or under maintenance. Principles Of human right and well-being could be employed to organize a range of big issues such as labor, race, food, immigration and education. By considering the meaning of people, it is to deliberate wellbeing is the main concern for the government, not the business.
Unfavorable, specification of objectives regarding people is complex as the most effective measure is to modify the system. Changes normally have an unexpected consequences and therefore he climate of change is remained increasing. Progressively, everyone is seeing the changes are in interests of corporations. Hence, the corporations are believed to be the ones which control the operation of the world, not governments. To figure out where the world is without depending on “capitalism” and “socialism”, it is to study how a practical political economy looks like.
Since there is a dispute regarding the management of society, hard work is what we need to develop strategies for it. 3. 0 Theoretical Principles 3. 1 Values and Identity ‘Identity, delineated by Jenkins (2008, p. 5), refers to the basic cognitive Achaeans that humans use to sort out themselves and their fellows, individually and collectively, which is ultimate to the organization of the human world: their capacity to identify who is who and what is what. As recorded by Teasel (cited in Hog, 2001 , p. 1 86), creation and determination of humans location in the society is found in the system of classification.
Simultaneously, social identity refers to “the knowledge of the individual that he or she is appropriate to fit in a specific social group collectively with some emotional and value significance to him of the group membership” (Teasel, cited in Hog, 2001, p. 86). Everyone, as a citizen in a society, plays a role of defender to safeguard his or her own nation from being ruined. As stated in Social Identity Theory, Seaports and Mall (cited in Blade & Tyler, 2009) categorized people into a diverse social groups?gender, age, social status and organizational memberships, for example.
Gradually, this theory was developed principally to illustrate a social-psychological view which is believed to reestablish the consistency of organizational identification and organizational behavior application (Henry, cited in Blade & Tyler, 2009; Hog, Terry & White, 1995). It is believed that there is a bond between identification and motivation or behavior, but it is not expected. In relation to identification, employees are said to be motivated to work harder as they commit themselves to the organizations, yet it was opposed the concept was oversimplified (Hennessey & West, 1999).
In a group, identification seems complicated and might enclose with conflicts rather than achieving organizational goals. Jenkins (2008) argued that “identification and collectivity are emergent by-products of the transactions and negotiations of individuals pursuing their interests”. He added, people might occasionally deal with inflicts over the interests’ pursuit and their public, individual and collective identification. Teasel (cited in Hennessey & West, 1999) infers that if people define themselves as citizens of their countries, they would have contribute a minor effort to the nation’s development.
Government, identify itself as the major rule establisher to regulate its people and contributor to the public by offering social welfare. Yet, there are the corporations controlling the operation Of the society and they are all-in-time focus only on their interests. This is because the government found complicated to decide on agriculture ND economics matters as they are complex soft systems where there is a lack of idea whether both of them are on track of work or under maintenance.
In the article, Jenkins (2008, p. 10) described formal or informal organizations as the most extensive collectivity comprising tacit behavioral customs and norms as well as unambiguous regulations and policies in shared goals, in sets of control and authority, in criteria of employment and in operational standards. According to Seaports and Mall (1 989), an employee normally defined himself or herself in respect of organization, dealing with relation of individual to the organization.
A complicated and continuously increasing mixture of planning, improvisation and habit, affected by emotional responses, health and well-being, access to natural resources, knowledge and view of world is known as individual identification. Group, a real but illusory identification, does not have the same ontological status as individuals because human individuals are known as actual entities. People who think themselves are activists symbolize they are collectives who manipulate the politic to their own interest.
However, conservatives are thinking in a safer way to keep themselves living in a harmony environment. . 2 Theoretical Issues Theory, defined by Neuter (cited in Gaffing 2008, p. 4), is a set of opinions, propositions or accepted facts based on reasonable inferences of a subject matter comprising the use of formulation of basic concepts. It delivers a rationale for an action which is derived from the statement of “practice emerges from theory’, as people require to perform theories by taking real actions (Boniface &Zini 2005). Ontology, defined by Lusaka (1 990, p. 40), is the notion of existence to define the being of essential nature and the realistic existence of things is determined as realist ontology. Gaffing (2008, p. 12) mentioned, the modern societies highlight the importance of acculturation, capitalism and modern economic individualism which related to the study of human nature. This implies the purpose of people and the ideas of political revolutions leading to the changing element in human ‘development’ underlying the current political economy. Next, epistemology is what people have to focus on as it is defined as the procedure to acquire knowledge.
Basically, it refers to the ‘theory of knowledge’ and comprising the regulation on methods as well as the purpose of gaining knowledge (Gaffing 008, p. 8-9). In reality, theory creation is believed to help people understand themselves and their environment, and their capabilities to survive in the world with their desired living mode?what is considered as ‘knowledge’. People clearly understand that they have to rectify the serious issues such as labor, race, food, immigration and education with a set of regulations, including the notions of human rights and security (Batman, 2015).
This is then followed by the methodology and methods where methodology represent the Outline or structure of methods to find out the results, such as questionnaires used in a marketing research while method is the technique people use to solve the problem or examining the objectives. People, in order to preserve their future, protect themselves and their environment, they believe refurbishment of current obsolete system would be a method of change. In a modern advanced culture, Graffiti (2008, p. ) agreed that people demand for a more sophisticated social life rather than a simple and ordinary life and therefore he concluded that a complex theory has been applied to the society where people gained knowledge and did some inventions to transform the world into a contemporary society. Modern agriculture is believed to be a sustainable system for farmers, yet it is questionable at the moment as there is lack of recruitment in related career field.
Furthermore, Lusaka (1990) inferred that there is a belief of self-interest pursuit, also defined as psychological egoism, exists within men as they move towards happiness relatively to gloom where this represents human behavior. Similarly, corporations perform regarding their own interests nowadays as they dominate major division of economics performance of the nations. Nevertheless, without any goal settings, the world is changing in a way not preferred by the population. In other words, the current society can be said operating on corporations as they are the major contributors to the society.
Last, but not least, these theoretical principles play a vital role in knowledge stream management within the organization as well as to change people ‘s way of thinking and their relationships dealing with others. In Peter Seen?s findings (cited in Ramped, 2007), he discussed that people should put aside their traditional way of thinking and develop their own ideal model which enable themselves to be more capable to encounter with future challenges and be all-time-ready within an ever-changing working environment.
Besides, people should understand how the whole organization and society are functioning, devise the shared objectives together and to perform ambitiously as a team. Batman (2015) also agreed on the argument where he suggested people to figure out a really functional political economy and put their efforts over the societal management for future development. 4. 0 Conclusion Concisely, identification of individual in different areas represent their purpose in the field and normally they do have some emotional behaviors revealed if they deal with a group of people.
Individual identify himself or resell differently from who he or she is in a group, in the family, in the nation, in his or her expertise and so on. Individual defines himself or herself differently from what people identify them within the entire organization or group. Theoretical issues focus on ontology?the existence of being and the development related to them, which determines the knowledge. Then, it links to epistemology, methodology and methods. Epistemology refers to the procedure to gain knowledge while methodology and method are frame used and techniques to gain the knowledge.
Changes represent an increasing climate and it normally has unexpected consequences. Hence, everyone has to change their mind of conventional thinking to adapt the new society, to develop new skills and often be opened to change. Development of strategies is needed to welcome the ever-changing environment as people might be dropped out from the group as they are not ready to face the new challenges.