A clinical psychologist would provide individual and roof based psychological interventions (Dave, 201 1). Severe depression is one of the many issues that is covered by clinical psychology. Severe depression causes some individuals personal distress and prevents them from living a normal and active life, it can be triggered by stressful life events, history of mental disorders in a family and sometimes from nothing at all, because it is more common there are effective treatments available.
Applied psychology is not easy to define, it covers all circumstances where psychological knowledge is applied and encompasses the professional nature f applied psychology (Dave, 201 1). When you are talking about applied psychology you are discussing the knowledge that is being applied in real circumstances. Dave states that “applied psychology is the professional application of psychological knowledge to the solution of problems associated with human behavior” (Dave, 2011 p. 2).
Most of the time applied psychology involves the application of existing psychological knowledge to practical problems, although many of these problems are so politically and socially urgent that the practitioners dealing with these issues have to evolve theory and practice as they go (Dave, 2011 The urgency to get issues resolved create an environment where theory is developed as the treatment is being done, instead of using theory for treatment. The case study that is being explored is severe depression.
The area of psychology that this case study is centered is in the area of clinical psychology. Clinical psychologists are usually psychology graduates who have completed up to three years of intensive postgraduate training to learn the skills required for clinical practice (Dave, 2011). The clinical psychologist alps people with issues like stress at work, an inability to cope with life’s problems, feelings of worthlessness, having to deal with uncertainty, and experiencing losses and bereavements usually they need to be severe and cause impairments in their daily life. Clinical psychologists are closely involved in helping people to recover from these kinds of problems. They attempt to help people understand the causes of their difficulties, provide interventions that can help to alleviate specific symptoms associated with their difficulties, and provide support and guidance through the period to They are involved in the assessment recovery. ” (Dave, 2011, p. 16). Either for diagnoses, treatment, and/or evaluation of a patient’s needs. The clinical psychologist also provides insight to the causes of the patient’s problems.
They can suggest and conduct suitable therapeutic or rehabilitation interventions. Case study #1 Joe is suffering from severe depression. His father, grandmother, and two uncles suffered with the same abnormal condition. One of Joey’s uncles committed suicide as a result. Joey’s depression started after he was laid off from work, and became disabling when his wife divorced him taking their kids ND their home. Depression can be caused by a clear event, such as the breakup off long-term relationship, a divorce, family problems, etc. (Growl, 2014). Depression appears to run in Joey’s family.
POI-II, et. Al. Cited Mencken (2007) “Early life experiences can have a profound impact on the health and psychological functioning of humans” (2007, p. 462). This case is covered by the area of clinical psychology which is the area that specializes in mental disorders like depression, anxiety, coping skills, etc. The first thing that the Clinical psychologist needs to do is to make sure that the client is not to the mint of harming himself, then they can make an assessment to determine the causes for the condition and then to decide the course of action to take for treatment.
The potential sources involved in the causes of this clients issues are not just one but several. He is suffering from severe depression and it appears that the disposition for depression is genetic. Which was triggered by stress from a loss of employment and then became intensified when he lost his wife, children and his home because of divorce. “Several biological, psychological and social factors, and the presence Of commodore psychiatric or medical illnesses, impact on depression severity” (Snowball, & FAA, 2001, p. 765).
There are studies that support that major life events have caused depression. “The relationship between stressful life events and depression is well established based on a large number of studies, suggesting that stressful life events markedly increase the risk of depression” (Romano, Everyone, Capri, & Kookiness 2003, p. 25). Joey’s life events that had caused him to become depressed were him losing his job. Then on top of that his wife divorced him and took his home and his children. Depression was moon in his family. As cited by Dave from Kindler et al. (1993) “There is good evidence that depressive symptoms run in families, and this suggests the possible existence of an inherited or genetic component to depression. The increased risk of depressive symptoms for relatives of individuals diagnosed with major depression is around 5-10% and is higher than would be expected in the general population” (Dave,201 1, p. 99) Because he grew up around depressed family members, “the strength of this association varies considerably, which may at least partly be explained by psychosocial heartsickness of individuals exposed to such events” (Romano, Everyone, Capri, & Kookiness 2003, p. 5). The results of a study that was done by Romano, Everyone, Capri, & Kookiness (2003) there results suggest that both genetic vulnerability and stressful life events can increase the occurrence of depression. There are several different forms of depression as well as levels of severity. Clinical depression goes by many names depression, “the blues,” biological depression, major depression (Growl, 2014). Studies have shown that high stress levels can inhibit reattempt, where the treatments do not benefit the patient.
The fact that Joe does not have a job may cause high stress levels which could inhibit his treatment. “High self-criticism or dependency may interfere with treatment compliance or the therapeutic relationship, there by compromising the individual’s ability to benefit from treatment when complicated by stress” (Bullish, Harness, Stewart, & Baggy, 2009, p. 1068). 3) Severe depression is a more common mental disorder, everyone is exposed to depression whether it be a personal experience or a friend or loved one. Depression occurs in 5. %-17. % of the population (Dave, 2011 The cognitive features of depression are arguably the most debilitating for the individual (Dave, 201 1). With depression the patients thinking is what causes the debilitating effect in their daily life. In Joey’s case his grandmother, father and two uncles all suffered from depression. “Depression is the common cold of mental disorders -? most people will be affected by depression in their lives either directly or indirectly, through a friend or family member” (Growl, 2014, p. 4).
This aspect of his life had made him more susceptible to an occurrence in his won life. When the patient has family that has suffered through depression the patient has a predisposition for depression. “Early life experiences can have a profound impact on the health and psychological functioning Of humans” (Pool, et. Al. 2007, p. 462). Joe has several causes for his depression being that depression runs in the family, when he lost his job and then his wife divorced him and he lost his house and children, he was unable to cope with all those stress and became depressed. Lifetime prevalence of Major Depressive Disorder (MAD) in the USA and Western Europe is around 13. – 17. 1% in the general population” (Miller & Bottler, 2006, p. 64). He may have been depressed several time throughout his life. Psychological theory that may explain Joey’s depression is the biological theory. “There is clearly an inherited component (which accounts for about a third of the variance in measures of depression), and abnormalities in specific brain neurotransmitters such as serotonin and morphogenesis have been clearly linked to symptoms of depression’ (Dave, 2011, p. 00). The issue of depression for Joe was that the disposition was there and was triggered by major life events. After reviewing his case history the “evidence suggests that biological factors may play a role in the development and maintenance of mood disorders such as depression” (Dave, 2011 , p. 100). His depression is due to traumatic life events that he was exposed to. Scientific research that is relevant to my selected case study is the research with twins for the genetic research. The life events Were researched with the general public. When studying MS and ADZ twins discordant for depression, we have adjusted for both genetic factors and childhood experiences, thus, the twin pair analyses suggest that individual-specific environmental experiences seem to be essential in the relationship be;en life events and depression” (Romano, Everyone, Capri, & Kookiness 2003, p. 32). This study also covered the liability of genetic causes for depression. “Unpopular depressive disorder is associated with a high risk of relapse of depression and the risk of relapse increases as the number of previous episodes increases” (Hansen, et. Al. , 201 2, p. ). Unpopular depression is the scientific term for depression. The relevant trends in working with the intended population is that cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective treatment with depression. I would need to confirm that he is not suicidal and will respond to treatment. Most times a combination of pharmacological and cognitive therapy are most effective. A suggested plan of action for moving forward including advantages and disadvantages is to establish a rapport with the client so that CB may be started to help the client to rewire his brain to have a more positive thought process. Over the past 30 years there have been numerous studies that have demonstrated that cognitive behavioral therapy (CB), interpersonal psychotherapy (PIT), and antidepressant medication (ADAM) have produced the desired effect in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MAD)”( Bullish, Harness, Stewart, & Baggy, 2009, p. 1067). There are several different treatments available to help ease the symptoms of depression. They range from pharmacological to cognitive therapy and a combination of therapies. In Joey’s case I believe that CB in combination with an antidepressant would be a start to getting him back to a “normal” life.
I would need to make sure that he does not have new stress that could inhibit his treatment. The need to address his immediate concerns is most important. The advantages would be that the antidepressants would control his symptoms and the CB would help him to understand the reasons why he feels the way he does and to identify when his thinking is straying from healthy to unhealthy. Severe depression is a common problem and decades of research have produced treatments for depression that are numerous and effective.
The disadvantages are that it takes anywhere from two weeks to a month for the antidepressants to have the desired effect, and for the patient to feel the effects. Most antidepressants have side effects that are undesirable. What would do to build rapport with the clients in the selected case study is work on relating to them with compassion, empathy, and an explanation that I am there to help and whatever they tell me stays between us and will only be put in their file for professional use. I would let them know that they could trust me with their intimate thoughts so that I can help them to get back to a normal and functional life.
Ethical considerations that are relevant to this case are to keep the patients information confidential. I would respect him and not make judgments also I would not discuss his condition with non-professionals. Would make sure that there were not any conflicts involved with me treating him. While severe depression causes some individuals personal distress and prevents them from living a normal and active life, stressful life events, history of mental disorders in a family and sometimes nothing at all can trigger depression, because it is more common there are effective treatments available.