Adage a proverb or wise saying made familiar by long use Allusion a passing reference or indirect mention He was the Adam to her Eve Indianapolis: (“doubling back”) the rhetorical repetition Of one or several word s; specifically, repetition of a word that ends one clause at the beginning of the next. Men in great place are thrice servants: servants of the sovereign or state; seer ants of fame; and servants of business. ” Francis Bacon Analogy a comparison of two similar things The relationship between them began to thaw am going to be toast when I get home. Anaphora: the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive p harass, clauses or lines. “We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end.
We shall fight in France, w e shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing street night in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the be aches, we shall eight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender. ” British Prime Minister Winston Churchill Misanthropes the normal word order is changed for emphasis Come to class you will. Much madness is divines sense to a discerning eye Antiheroes/ Apostrophe: repetition Of the same word or phrase at the end Of successive clauses. In 1931 , ten years ago, Japan invaded Manchuria without warning. In 1935, tally invaded Ethiopia without warning. In 1938, Hitler occupied Austria without warning. N 1 939, Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia without warning. Later in 1 939, Hitler invaded Poland d without warning. And now Japan has attacked Malay and Thailand and the United SST dates without warning. ” President Franklin D. Roosevelt Antithesis: opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction. “Extremism in defense of liberty is no vice, moderation in the pursuit of justice e is no virtue. Barry Goldwater Republican Candidate for President 1964 “Not that loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more”. Brutes in: ” Julius Caesar’ by William Shakespeare Apostrophe: a sudden turn from the general audience to address a specific gar pop or person or personified abstraction absent or present. “For Brutes, as you know, was Career’s angel. Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him”. Mark Antonym in ‘Julius Caesar William Shakespeare Assonance: repetition of the same vowel sounds in words close to each other. “Thy kingdom come, thy will be done. ” The Lord’s Prayer “A long song’.
Assonated: lack of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or word ads. “We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardships, support any Fri.. ND, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty. ” J. F. Kennedy, Inaugural “But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. ” President Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address Caesura Definition: This literary device involves creating a fracture of sorts WI thin a sentence where the two separate parts are distinguishable from one another yet intrinsic socially linked to one another.
The purpose of using a caesura is to create a dramatic pause, w which has a strong impact. The pause helps to add an emotional, often theatrical touch to he sentence and conveys a depth of sentiment in a short phrase. Example: Mozart Oh how your music makes me soar! Enumeration Making a point more forcibly by listing detailed causes or effects; to enumerate: count off or list one by one. Apoplexies/ Rooters a rhetorical term for asking questions to rebuke or reproach rather than to elicit answers.
Does anyone else want detention S Bethel Euphemism: substitution of an agreeable or at least inoffensive expression for one whose plainer meaning might be harsh or unpleasant. Examples: Euphemisms for ” stupid” A few fries short of a Happy Meal. Dumber than a box of hair. Doesn’t have all his cornflakes in one box. The wheel’s spinning, but the hamster’s dead. One Fruit Loop shy of a full bowl Hyperbole: exaggeration for emphasis or for rhetorical effect. “If you call me that name again, I’m going to explode! ” Hypoxia the strategy in which a speaker raises a question and then mime dilated answers it.
What is the most important thing in the world? I’ll tell you. It’s AP English Irony: expression of something which is contrary to the intended meaning; the e words say one thing but mean another. *Yet Brutes says he was ambitious; And Brutes is an honorable man. Shakespearean Mark Antonym in “Julius Caesar” Juxtaposition Definition: In literature, juxtaposition is a literary device wherein the author places a person, concept, place, idea or theme parallel to another. The purpose e of juxtaposing two directly/ indirectly related entities close together in literature is to high light the contrast between the two and compare them.
This literary device is usually us De for etching out a character in detail, creating suspense or lending a rhetorical effect. Example: In Paradise Lost, Milton has used juxtaposition to draw a parallel be teen the two irritations, Satan and God, who he discusses by placing their traits in come orison with one another to highlight their differences. Litotes_ making a deliberate understatement for emphasis A couple is kissing and an observer says I think they like each other Metaphor: implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words; the e word is used not in its literal sense, but in one analogous to it. Life’s but a walking shadow; a poor player,That struts and frets his hour pup n the stage. ” Shakespeare, in “Macbeth” *From Stetting in the Baltic to Tries in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descend De across the continent. W. Churchill Oxymoron: apparent paradox achieved by the juxtaposition of words which s me to contradict one another. *l must be cruel only to be kind. ” Shakespeare, Hamlet “Hurts so good” John Cougar Melanesia “Jumbo Shrimp” Paradox: an assertion seemingly opposed to common sense, but that may yet have some truth in it. What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young. ” George Bernard Shaw Parallelism using words, phrases or clauses to show that two or more things h eave the same level of importance want bread milk and cheese recertification: attribution of personality to an impersonal thing. *England expects every man to do his duty. ” Lord Nelson My car likes to g o fast Periphrasis: The term ‘periphrasis’ refers to the use of excessive language an d surplus words to convey a meaning that could otherwise be conveyed with fewer words and in more direct a manner.
The use of this literary device can be to embellish a sentence, to acre et a grander effect, to beat around the bush and to draw attention away from the crux oft he message being conveyed. Example: Instead of simply saying “l am displeased with your behavior”, one c n say, “the manner in which you have conducted yourself in my presence of late has ca seed me to feel uncomfortable and has resulted in my feeling disgruntled and disappointed w tit you”. Polystyrene the use on many conjunctions between clauses.
Often slowing t he rhythm “If there be cords, or knives, Poison, or fire, or suffocating streams, puns puns are a very popular literary device wherein a word is used in a man newer to suggest two or more possible meanings. This is generally done to the effect of creating g humor or irony or wryness. Puns can also refer to words that suggest meanings of similar ding words. The trick is to make the reader have an “ah! ” moment and discover 2 or more meanings. Example: Suntan’s helpers are known as subordinate Clauses.
Sentential adverb adverb or adverb phrase that begins the sentence. Used for emphasis We went to school. Because we have to. Because the law makes us. Simile: an explicit comparison between two things using ‘like’ or ‘as’. Reason is to faith as the eye to the telescope” D. Home Sleepless: use of a word with two others, with each of which it is understood did fervently. *We must all hang together or assuredly we will all hang separately. Benjamin Franklin Synecdoche A synecdoche is a literary devices that uses a part of something t o refer to the whole.
It is somewhat rhetorical in nature, where the entire Object is represent Ted by way of a faction of it or a faction of the object is symbolized by the full. Example: “Weary feet in the walk of life”, does not refer to the feet actually being tired o r painful; it is symbolic of a long, hard struggle through the journey of life and feeling low, it red, monopolistic and ‘the walk of life does not represent an actual path or distance covered, in stead refers to the entire sequence of life events that has made the person tired.