Progressive Era DBQ essay

In the beginning of the 20th century, Americans started to acknowledge the Roth of their economy advancing industrially: the troubles of inner city poverty and factory work leading into the government’s development Of Labor Laws. This leading to the Muckrakers: who were informed the public about monopolies, child labor, and corruption in industry that had a negative impact on workers and the general public. Upton Sinclair was a famous “muckraker” who wrote in The Jungle of horrid working conditions that were experienced by large numbers of European immigrants working in meatpacking plants.

This quickly caught the attention of the American people ND The Jungle quickly became a top seller, this uproar of exposes to the public triggered Theodore Roosevelt Meat Inspection Act. This act was released by congress in 1906, where then the Pure Food and Drug Act (FDA) made it so that no manufacturing, sale or transportation of mislabel or no labeled/ federal inspected food or drugs. The Meat Inspection Act also sent federal inspectors to meat packing plants to make sure that minimum standards of sanitation requirements were met. Women also fought hard to claim their own rights to vote during this period.

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The disenfranchisement of omen for centuries invigorated the Progressive era reformers to advocate for absolute women suffrage in American politics. The efforts of progressive era reformers in conjunction with the federal government aided trust busting, anti-child labor, and women suffrage movements and helped to contribute to their overall success. The Progressive Era included many ideas that ranged from women’s rights to vote to the destruction of trusts. Trust busting was really the first Progressive idea that was initiated. Roosevelt was the first president who fought against trusts and enforced many of the Progressives’ ideas.

In a speech Roosevelt made on February 22, 1912, he states that senators should be elected by direct vote, an idea that can most definitely be considered progressive. However, Roosevelt limited his trust busting to what he considered bad trusts, leaving the “good trusts” as they were. Despite the fact that Roosevelt left many trusts UN-busted, these remaining trusts eventually fell to the Clayton Antitrust Act which was a much more powerful force against trusts than the old Sherman Antitrust Act, which had only been used against labor unions.

This act, in addition to Roosevelt and Tuft’s work against trusts was effective in reforming much of the corporation-worker relationship, but trusts were a relatively small part of the Progressive movement. While the defeat of trusts and the avocations of directly voting for senators can be viewed as a very important step in the Progressive Era, the era could still have been much more effective had other important reforms been included in the presidents’ agendas.

After the Civil War, the North transformed into one of the most heavily industrialized regions in the world, and during the Gilded Age, businessmen reaped enormous profits from this new economy. Powerful tycoons formed giant trusts to monopolize the production of goods that were in high demand. Andrew Carnegie, for one, built a giant steel empire using vertical integration, a business tactic that increased profits by eliminating middlemen from the production line. Conversely, John D.

Rockefeller Standard Oil Company used horizontal integration, which put competitors out of business by selling one type of product in numerous markets, effectively creating a monopoly. A monopoly is: when a business is the only supplier which has complete control of supply in the market of a certain high in demand goods in this time such as Oil or tell. Overall, the progressive era reformers have closely collaborated with the federal government to advance all their ideals and making them into law.

The single most important reason why progressive era reformers depend on the federal government is that it possess the power to make their ideas such as trust-busting anti-child labor, and women suffrage into laws that apply throughout the nation. Even more important than the ability to create the laws is the ability to enforce them. The progressive era reformers heavily cooperated with the federal government to see that their ideals are implemented and enforced on a nation-wide basis. The federal government has much to gain from the progressives too.

Within America, a large pool of voting class people was avidly against large corporations and monopolistic practices of big businesses. The government sought to satisfy and appeal to this large class of voters by implement laws that would supplement their economic interest. Evidently, greater portions of potential voters were adamantly opposed to child labor due to the harsh and brutal conditions in which they had to work. By giving into their demands, the federal government gain a bigger pool of supporters, which is very important when it comes to election time.

Most important of all is the controversial issue of allowing women the right to vote. The federal government would gain a vast new audience of voters if they allowed women the right to vote. The government would benefit from granting women suffrage because most likely, the same women that were allowed to vote would sponsor and support the same government for allowing them to vote in the first place. Its a situation which benefits both the progressive era reformers and federal government, so its an advantage that both sides collaborate with each other so each side gains political and economical incentives for doing so.