Time For The Very Last Puff essay

Time for the very last puff The Editorial from The Daily messenger, in their opinion piece entitled “Time for the Very Last Puff’ responds to the issue of smoking being a “serious, costly, health hazard”. It is clear that The Editorial feel as though smoking is a serious danger to the community and it is up to society to put and end to it. The Editorial approaches the issue with a sarcastic tone, which dismisses the opposing views in a passive aggressive manner.

This sways the reader by having them join in on the “joke”. The Editorials main audience for this article loud be all current smokers as well as family and friends of smokers that could encourage them to quit their “toxic” and “poisonous” habits. The Editorial begins their opinion piece with a reference to the regulations Of smoking in hospitals. Stating that while patients die inside hospitals from smoking related causes the medical staff is outside freely “lighting it up”.

This evokes anger in the reader as it highlights the fact that there are people dying from smoking and yet there are others that take their health for granted. The use of short sharp sentences such as, “this is not a good look” and “no mooing anywhere” creates a punch and is used to grab the readers attention by emphasizing the Editorials argument that smoking should be put to an end. This impacts the reader as it is a more powerful communication and adds ‘thoughtfulness” to what is being said as it give the reader space to consider what is being presented.

The piece then shifts into a more vindictive tone as The Editorial begins a series of attacks towards smokers. They present the argument that “smoking is a serious, costly health hazard” and that smokers cannot continue to put “themselves and others at risk”. This puts a forward a forceful idea that smoking is putting others in the community at risk of harm. This appeals to fear, as it would make the reader feel as though they may be put in harms way due to the actions of smokers.

The phrase “war on smoking” is also used to add seriousness to the matter as the thought of “war” has many negative connotations which would make the reader feel as though they are being threaten or put in a position of danger. The Editorials use of the image, shot by Andrew De La Ere, presents a visual representation of how “unsightly/’ the habit of smoking is. The image shows a sand-filled ashtray full of cigarette butts, this image is used to evoke disgust in the reader as it makes cigarettes look like trash.

This would make the reader feel as though smokers are not only ruining their own lives, but also creating an unhealthy environment for those around them. This appeals to health and the desire to protect the environment, as people do not like to see their community being treated like a giant ashtray. Next the columnist begins a strongly worded evidenced-based approach by discussing the declining percentage of regular smokers. The Editorial begins to bring in numerous sources of evidence such as Anti-Cancer Council data and the survey results of Victorians from 1998 to 2006.

This use of scientific statistics shows the reader that The Editorial offers an expertise point of view into the issue and has genuine factual evidence to back up their arguments. This would reassure the reader that they are taking advice from a trustworthy source. The Editorial state that “people who give up smoking enjoy far better health”, this would encourage the reader to side with The Editorial as it states the benefits of quitting smoking. The reader is exposed to the positive effects of not smoking, which would influence them to quiet and also encourage others to do so as well.

In the Editorials final paragraph they use emotive language such as “assault” and “retaliation” to instill fear in the reader and imply the message that smoking is something that is harmful and must be fought against. This use Of words would make the reader feel as though they are being attacked, or being put in danger. This is further emphasized when The Editorial refers to smoking as “the enemy’, this impacts the reader as it adds negative annotation to smoking.

The reader is positioned to feel as though they are apart of the “war against the weed” with the use of inclusive language such as “We must all join this battle against smoking’ and “we must fight bravely’. The use of inclusive language paired with the repetition of the word “we’ makes the reader feel as though they are now automatically part of the issue and it is up to them to put an end to it. It reinforces the argument that smoking needs to be put to and end and drills that message into the readers mind.

The Importance Of Being Earnest essay

The Importance of Being Earnest Oscar Wiled used comedy as the primary means of communicating the key themes of his play. In particular he used satire to ridicule the hypocrisy of the strict code of behaviors that characterized the late Victorian era. His use of satire is intended to spotlight the shortcomings of the Victorian era and highlight social issues at play that he personally condemned. Of particular importance in the play are the strict rules of behavior concerning marriage and this is represented in all three passages presented.

The theme Of ‘Bunging’ is the means for both Jack and Algerian to maintain the appearances of propriety expected within the Victorian era while allowing them to cultivate alter egos that allow them to live as they would like without the restrictions placed on them as respected members of the upper class strata of society. Passage one presents an apparently light hearted conversation between Jack and his friend Algerian. The language used on the surface is congenial and polite but the undertone is of Leghorn’s portraying his virtuosity by questioning Jack’s suitability as a husband and match for Condoled.

The introduction of the marriage theme in the passage starts with the inversion of the ‘match made in heaven’, with Algerian stating that ‘divorces are made in heaven’. Both passage two and three also continue the theme of marriage with the second passage having Lady Breakneck quiz Jack on his suitability as a suitor for her daughter Condoled, while the third passage continues the theme with Condoled and Cecil on learning of Jack and Leghorn’s subterfuge or ‘buying’ having Condoled declare ‘l am afraid it is quite Lear, Cecil, that neither of us is engaged to be married to anyone’.

Passage one also covers the theme of morality and the code of behavior expected of the upper class within the Victorian era. This is evident when Jack declares Algerian ‘ungentlemanly in reading the inscription within Jacks cigarette case. The hypocrisy of Jack is that he is more concerned with the reading of the inscription bringing into question his real identity and so exposing that in fact he is named Jack and lives in the country rather than Ernest who lives in town.

Later in the play Jack states to Algerian, ‘Well my name is Ernest in town and Jack in the country, and the cigarette case was given to me in the country. ‘ It is shortly after this that Algerian states that he suspected Jack of being a confirmed and secret ‘Bunters’. Passage two follows Lady Bracelet’s questioning of Jack’s suitability as a marriage partner for her daughter Condoled, and highlights the authors wit and comedic talent with some of the funniest parts of the play presented. In questioning Jack on his lineage she starts with a question as to his parents.

In rearing that Jack has lost both of his parents, Lady Breakneck states, ‘To lose one parent, Mr. Worthington, may be regarded as misfortune; to lose both looks like carelessness. ‘ This demonstrates in a humorous way to the audience of the play Lady Breakneck obsession with the observation and adherence to one of the key rules of marriage, which is a suitor, should be of the same or better social standing. The message the author is presenting is that the virtues of compassion and understanding are not of consequence whatsoever in comparison with Lady Breakneck obsession with gaining a husband for her gather of suitable social standing.

That Jack has never known his parents, that they may be dead, does not even come into Lady Bracelet’s consideration when learning of Jack’s ‘lost’ parents, and again in a humorous, satirical fashion, when she says to Jack, ‘l would strongly advise you, Mr. Worthington, to try and acquire some relations as soon as possible, and to make a definitive effort to produce at least one parent, of either sex, before the season is quite over’.

Passage three brings the subterfuge and ‘Bunging’ to a conclusion as it is valued that Ernest, who both girls are enamored of is non-existent, leading Condoled to say, ‘A gross deception has been practiced on both of us. ‘ Marriage is still one of the themes as the girls realize that neither of them are still engaged.

The key theme of this passage however is that of morality and behaviors. That Algerian and Jack’s ‘buying’ has been discovered sends a message to the readers of the play that Jack is more at pain to be forced to speak the truth than having been caught out. How this message is portrayed is jack demeanor when answering the girls questions, where he is both elegant and cheery.

Jack’s comfort with lying and deceiving those close to him including Cecil, Condoled and Algerian comes out in a later part of the play where Jack states, ‘Condoled, it is a terrible thing for a man to find out suddenly that all of his life he has been speaking nothing but the truth’. This again is an inversion where a person with high morals may state the opposite, and if they found out they had been ‘lying’ all of their life think that a terrible thing.

Essay Draft essay

The concept of Belonging is the idea of being part of something and feeling accepted. Often individuals have differences that can create feelings such as seclusion and isolation from people and places. This sense of alienation IS shown throughout Tim Window’s short stories ‘Big World’ and ‘Aquifer from a collection entitled “The Turning” and also from the Troopers short film “Missing Her” directed by Michael Whisper. Both Winston and Whisper, use literary and visual techniques to explore the ideas and feelings of belonging and not belonging. ‘Big World’ gives the reader a sense of both belonging and alienation.

The unnamed narrator feels a very strong connection to his friend Biggie, “Mum thinks Baggie’s an oaf, that he’s holding me back. She doesn’t know that without Biggie there’d be nothing left of me to hold back. It sounds weak but he saved my life. ” This juxtaposition provides and insight into their friendship and its strength. On the other hand, he is seeming very disconnected from Angelus, the town in which he lives. This is shown through “Unlike him I’m not really from here, its not hosing blood that SSH*** me off- it’s Angelus itself. The swearing is negative colloquial language.

It is quite evident that the narrator segregated from his community and while he sees others belonging, he himself isn’t a part of it. These differences enhance the understanding of belonging experienced by the reader. (… Link to whatever the question is… V) The Tim Winston story ‘Aquifer,’ shows that alienation can be destructive and even deadly. The main character is bullied, and in fact physically abused by the other children forcing him to be alone and feel different. When one of his bullies drowns in the lake, it is his alienation and is internal feeling of being so disconnected that prevents him from speaking up. L went home and said nothing. ” This is a tremendous understatement. The general mood is quite dark and it presents the idea that this has followed him into adulthood and internally tortured him for many years. This issue is a problem that is very relevant in our society and seriously affects how children and adults find their place in the world (… Link to whatever the question ‘Missing Her’ shows how a person can be disconnected by change, when things are new and different it can be intimidating or even scary.

In this short film, Henry has been removed from his home in Thailand and adopted by an Australian family that is very different to his. The frequently used binoculars are a distinct symbol and connection to his past. “My mother told me she would be watching me from the stars, but all the stars are gone here” Whistler’s use of an emotive metaphor creates empathy in the audience. At this point Henry feels completely lost. The language barrier also demonstrates the separation between them.

Mental Health and Mental Disorders Quiz essay

Which of the following would the instructor include as the primary purpose of this classification? A) Provide a commonly understood diagnostic category for clinical practice. B) Describe treatment modalities for psychiatric disorders and mental illnesses. C) Identify various etiologies for mental disorders based on family histories. D) Provide optimal outcomes for treatment for individuals with mental illnesses. 2. A nurse is providing care to a patient with a mental disorder classified by the ADSM-IV-TRY.

The nurse understands that although the first three axes appear to contain all the diagnostic information about a patient, a truly accurate picture of the client is incomplete without considering other factors such as an estimate of current functioning and: A) Life stresses Cultural background Marital Status D) Genetic history 3. A patient’s global assessment functioning reveals that he has minimal symptoms with good functioning in all areas. Which score would the nurse correlate with these findings? A) 94 B) 82 75 63 4.

A female patient was admitted to the hospital with pneumonia, and in the ours of her treatment, it was determined that she was experiencing alcohol dependence because she began experiencing alcohol withdrawal while she was in the hospital. When the psychiatrist who was called in as a consultant documented the patient’s mental disorder, he identified her alcohol dependence on which axis? A) Axis Axis II Axis Ill Axis IV 5. A 25-year-old woman who recently had abdominal surgery was admitted to the psychiatric unit, where it was determined that she had a borderline personality disorder.

During the first week on the unit, it was determined that she also has diabetes. Her diabetes mellitus would be listed in which axis of her ADSM-IV-TRY diagnosis? A) 6. As part of a class activity, nursing students are engaged in a small group discussion about the epidemiology of mental illness. Which statement best explains the importance of epidemiology in understanding the impact of mental disorders? A) Epidemiology helps promote understanding of the patterns of occurrence associated with mental disorders. B) Epidemiology helps explain research findings about the neurophysiology that causes mental disorders.

C) Epidemiology provides a thorough theoretical explanation of why specific mental disorders occur. D) Epidemiology predicts when a specific psychiatric client will recover from a specific mental disorder. 7. A nurse is working in a community mental health center that provides care to a large population of Asian descent. When developing programs for this community, which of the following would be most important for the nurse to address? A) Public stigma Self-stigma Label avoidance Negative life events 8. A group Of students are reviewing the multiracial diagnostic system Of the ADSM-IV-TRY.

The students demonstrate understanding of the axes when they identify that each axis represents which of the following? A) An evidence-based research finding An experimental design to guide care A domain of information A laboratory test finding 9. A nursing student is assigned to care for a patient diagnosed with schizophrenia. When talking about this patient in a clinical phosphorescence, the student would use which terminology when referring to the patient? A) Committed patient Schizophrenic Schizophrenic patient Person with schizophrenia 10. Mrs..

Green is a patient on a psychiatric unit. At the time Of her admission, her dog was killed when a car accidentally ran over it; in addition to that, she just mound out that her mother has been diagnosed with colon cancer. This information would be addressed in which ADSM-IV axis? A) 11. A nursing student is reviewing journal articles about major depression. One of the articles describes the number of persons newly diagnosed with the disorder during the past year. The student interprets this as which of the following? A) Rate Prevalence Point prevalence incidence 12.

While working in a community mental health treatment center, the nurse overhears one of the receptionists saying that one of the patients is “really psycho. ” Later in the day, the nurse talks with the receptionist about the moment. This action by the nurse demonstrates an attempt to address which issue? A) Lack of knowledge 13. After teaching a group of students about mental health and mental illness, the instructor determines that the teaching was successful when the group identifies which of the following as reflecting mental disorders?

A) Capacity to interact with others Ability to deal with ordinary stress Alteration in mood or thinking Lack of impaired functioning 14. A nurse is preparing a presentation for a local community group about mental disorders and plans to include how mental disorders are different from medical disorders. Which statement would be most appropriate for the nurse to include? A) “Mental disorders are defined by an underlying biological pathology. ” B) “Numerous laboratory tests are used to aid in the diagnosis of mental disorders. C) “Cluster of behaviors, thoughts, and feelings characterize mental disorders. ” “Manifestations of mental disorders are within normal, expected parameters. ” 15. Which of the following would a nurse identify as being categorized as Axis in the ADSM-IV-TRY? Select all that apply. A) Paranoid personality disorder Postgraduates stress disorder Anorexia nervous Mental retardation E) Unemployment F) Coronary artery disease 16. A psychiatric-?mental health nurse is providing care for a patient with a mental disorder.

The patient is participating in the decision-making process. The nurse interprets this as which component of recovery’? A) Self-direction Empowerment Person-centered Holistic 17. A nurse is explaining recovery to the family of a patient diagnosed with a mental disorder. Which statement would be most appropriate for the nurse to include about this process? A) “It is a step-by-step process from being ill to being well. ” B) “The patient focuses mainly on the emotional aspects of his condition. C) “The patient is helped to live a meaningful life to his fullest potential. D) “Although peer support is important, the self-acceptance is essential. ” 18. A psychiatric-mental health nurse is preparing a presentation about recovery for a group of newly hired nurses for the mental health facility. Which of the following would the nurse identify as one of the most important concepts? A) Peer support Respect 19. The nurse is reviewing the medical record of a patient and notes the information below. Which of the following would be found on Axis Ill? Select all that apply.

Goals and Objectives essay

Alliance connect with the public, private, and nonprofit sectors to build state and local capacity, leading to trotter programs and policies that supports neighborhoods reach their goal of ending homelessness. Having both of these goals and objectives together is very important to accomplish the mission of putting a stop to homelessness, and although a lot Of the long term and short term goals and objectives are very clear, there are also hidden goals and objectives. Every individual who are in need the services offered receives different service, it all depends on the type of help needed.

National Alliance provides help in variety of city and States to prevent homelessness from happening. The goals of National Alliance to end homelessness are very clear in the mission statement and the services they offer. According to “National Alliance” (n. D. ), “The mission of National Alliance to End Homelessness is to preventing and ending homelessness in the United States. ” By improving policy, building capacity, and educating opinion leaders, the Alliance is working to achieve their goals and objectives and accomplish their mission.

National Alliance wants to support individual and their families learn more about homeless and help to provide all the resource needed to have each errors live in a safe and stable environment. The primary goal for National Alliance goal is to stop homelessness, whether it’s providing a shelter, and clothing or feeding them to help with the after affects of being homeless. Achieving these goals would not only provide a great impact on the agency but it will also draw more individuals to receive help and provide great quality for the company.

National Alliance makes it clear that homelessness is serious and devastating that individuals should not go through this journey alone and that there are ways to assist in preventing homelessness or providing shelter. Homeless people are the main point of this organization’s goal. No matter what the obstacles are National Alliance wants to support these people in anyway they can, they have faith they are going to make a difference in this world. National must always value and respect each individual and staff member.

Also they must provide accurate information about the program. Whenever you hire and train your staff for the agency you must furnish them with the right knowledge to become successful in their field of study. However, for you to understand the difference between objectives and goals o would need to ensure the requirements for each. According to Chambers and Wedded, 2005, “a goal is a statement in general terms of desired qualities in human and social conditions”.

Goals are more limited and point to variety objectives. Also goals are set for a long term while objectives are considered for a short term. On the other hand, objectives are established to be balanced and define on who will become affected or replaced. If the objectives are not set and detailed, the agency would be required to contribute more service than what the funds they have to offer. Goals and objectives can also convert depending on which Step the agency would be in and the form Of social problem.

One of the specific programs National Alliance offers is their housing first program. This program goal is to providing individuals who are experiencing homelessness with housing quickly as possible and providing support as needed. The objective is to assist clients with homeless support networks and to achieve independence, saving the system considerable cost. (National Alliance, 2015) Another objective is to provide a variety of services to sponsor sousing establishment and individual’s well-being on an as needed basis. National Alliance, 2015) Whenever agencies do not have a clear and brief goal and their objective point to people questioning do the program has its purpose. Not having the correct goal and objective makes it hard for individuals to understand the reason behind the agency offering their service.

Aqaw essay

Explain what CARD means to you. A collateral duty quality assurance representative, are accountable to the quality assurance officer and aircraft maintenance officer within the Maintenance Department. Cards are responsible for the prevention of the occurrence of defects. The concept embraces all events from the start of the maintenance operation to its completion (by the book maintenance).

A CARD must possess a detailed, working knowledge of maintenance programs and processes. 2. How can QUA help you do your job better? QUA makes sure procedures are aired out consistently, that problems can be identified and resolved, and that the command can continuously review and improve its procedures. Safety is the number 1 priority when it comes to working around aircraft. Whenever I feel in doubt about a certain task, I know that I can always go to QUA for further guidance.

Its tough for some people to be able to say “NO” when it comes down to maintenance control wanting their plane up, but I have to make sure that what I am doing is by the book and safe. 3. What do you foresee is the biggest risk to the UP-4 maintenance department? Human error and lack of training, its unreasonable to assume hat any person could operate continuously without ever making a mistake. Though, human error is a very real and inevitable problem in the aviation community. Unfortunately, for those involved, it is usually met with disastrous results.

One momentary lapse of judgment might very well result in a fatality, as well as, millions of dollars in damages. Not having the proper training can not only hurt the individual but others as well. Know we stress the importance of training our sailors, but now on deployment it seems that more people are becoming more relax and cutting corners to finish a job due o the flight schedule. Many sailors have that “Oh, its whatever on deployment as long as the job gets done” mind set, which is due to poor quality and leadership. . What is the next thing that could hurt UP-4 maintenance? Rushing sailors into equals knowing that they are not ready. Honestly feel that if we start training our sailors correctly and not “Oh, this was how was taught. ” With a strong QUA backing our sailors up, making sure the correct decisions are made, and by the book maintenance, then there shouldn’t be any room for Up-4 to fail. I know I’m not perfect and I have learned a few lessons the hard way.

Final Assignment essay

Counselors’ equipping themselves with knowledge, will allow them to be competitive, and more efficacious towards the therapeutic process. Education is a ongoing process and as a counselor it is their duty to keep up to date and the most effective way to ensure this is through reading; magazines, journals, news. In the following report three academic journal articles were retrieved from Obscenest electronic Journals through Cap’s library. Searches were completed within the following databases; Academic Search Premier, Carelessly, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection.

The following phrases were used to collect the following articles; alcohol abuse and child harm, alcohol and family abuse. All searches were refined to ensure only academic journals were retrieved with publication dates between 2008-2013 and the geography to include Australia. Article 1: Social demography of alcohol-related harm to children in Australia. Data for this paper was collected from the national survey and extent of alcohols harm to others (OATH) survey which was appointed by the foundation for alcohol research and education (FAR).

This paper explores the frequencies of child abuse as a consequence of drinking. Data was collected from cases reported to authorities. Further data was collected through a National population telephone survey in 2008. The sample size comprised 2649 Australians that were 18 years of age or older. All participants specified residing with children in the age group of 17 years old or younger. It was determined that 22% of Australian families contain one or more children that are influenced by abuse as an outcome of alcohol consumption.

The greater part stated to have been hysterical abuse immediate family members( 61% The most common form of abuse , a behavior likely to cause children large emotional harm. It was also reported that neglect from biological parents are held responsible specifically mothers, who are usually the primary careers. In physical abuse cases it was found that fathers are more likely responsible. Drinking of either the harming or the protective parent results in an increase in child maltreatment. Child abuse was determined to be more predominant in low-income, socially and economically disadvantaged groups in Victoria and Australia.

The report suggested alcohol policies with a wider application should be indicated, with focus single-career households. In the past year, 22% of participants stated children were affected by others alcohol abuse. Serious harm was reported by 3% of the respondents. It was found that reporting of child harm was more prevalent in single-care households opposed to two careers. Weekly drinkers in the sample of participants more often reported child abuse in relation to those who did not consume alcohol (Lasted, Ferris, Dietz and Room, 2012). Article 2: Alcohol Use, Drinking Venue Utilization, and Child

Physical Abuse: Results from a Pilot Study. This article explores the relation of parent’s alcohol misuse to engagement in physical abuse. 103 parents made up the sample size in the report, responding to questions on domestic abuse, drinking behavior, and frequency with which they drank at differing settings. There was a positive correlation between the quantity of drinking locations and child abuse. It was suggested that spending more time at these locations, resulted in parents interacting with others that shared the same attitudes towards violent behavior. Out of the 92 participants of the sample stated taking part in violent behavior towards their children. 12. 8% reported engaging in behavior that resulted in severe physical maltreatment. A parents social life specifically where they go to drink is related to occurrences of child abuse. It was determined that parents who drank at more than a few locations were more susceptible to physically harming their children. Remarkably, parents who did not drink but attended these venues were more likely to report that they abused their children.

It was demonstrated hat parents whom heavily consumed alcohol were more probable to participate in the harm towards their children when under the influence of alcohol. It was also found that where they were drinking was also important. (Freestyles, 2011 Article 3: Domestic abuse experienced by young people living in families with alcohol problems: results from a cross-European study. This paper reports on data collected through a diversity of European countries in regards to family domestic violence endured by youth in families with parental alcohol problems. It investigates the problems they encounter, ND coping mechanisms.

Youth varying from the ages of 12 to 18 were involved in interviews of the research demonstrated across Europe; Poland, Spain, Germany and England. The interviews consisted of questions regarding the children’s individual experiences of living in a home where parental violence and alcohol abuse was prevalent. All the children interviewed had parents whom were participating in a treatment program for the alcohol misuse. The results verified that in family units in which either one or both parental figures misused alcohol, their children were confronted with many faculties and dangers.

Not only do children witness high incidences Of domestic violence but also experience a greater amount of physical and emotional abuse. It was found that children struggle to cope in these environments. The report reinforced the importance of counselors ensuring support, problem solving, and emotional regulation for youth clients The most important finding in this review was locating policies in relation to addressing problems with alcohol abuse and domestic violence. The policies that do exist do not focus on the family and the effects of the issues on the Emily as a whole.

It was identified that across Europe, amongst organizations there is a lack of collaboration (Bellman, Templeton, Rubber, Klein and Message 2008). Table 1 Table Compares Articles Above Methods If ridings Similarities Differences Drinking Patters: frequency and quantity of sample were all frequent drinkers (at least once a week, may drink 5 or more) Rate of heavy drinking was high among young adults with young children (25-34 year olds) Children surveyed were 17 years of age or younger All three articles utilized interviews and surveys as a means of collecting data

Sample size differed among all 3 Article 1: 2649 Australians 18 years of age or younger Article 2: 103 parents Article 3: 92 interviewed Sample Size: 45 (ages 12-18) Questionnaire study followed by invitation for interview Self-administered paper and pencil survey Heavy drinking is common to parents of a young age. The frequency of drinking is characteristic of this age group, with families that include young children. Maltreatment Of children included; physical, emotional, neglect, psychological All three articles revealed children had serious coping problems

AY three articles determined underlying Risk Factors to include; poverty, caregiver childhood adversity, influence of violence in surroundings Enduring Risk Factors included substance abuse, family life conflict Risk of abuse and neglect towards children was evident in heavy drinking careers. Article 1 revealed the most common form of abuse reported was verbal Article 2: Revealed not only drinking related to abuse but also location. Attending more venues; bars, parties was clearly correlated to the seriousness of physical harm on children.

Article 3: The sample size consisting of 49% revealed they were partaking in physical assault towards children. The results from these articles reveal the significance of developing guidelines to improve applications of intervention and prevention in the matter of alcohol and violence abuse within families. It was as well identified, that all assessments; political, health, social and safety be completed from the perspective of children abused.

It should become common practice to gather information about clients in facilities for alcohol, drug and violence issues in shards to whether or not they have children, live with them, and to what extent does violence occur. Information, and parents skills programs are vital to any institutions to offer family support. Counselors should help moderate the impact of parent’s substance abuse on their children, helping them to reduce the risk, gain protective influences and encourage resilience.

Based on these articles, it is imperative the counselors not only intervene based on focus of the substance abuse, but to provide beneficial factors necessary in the lives of abusers children. Focus needs to be made on the needs of children and how they can be met. The research findings reveal that children who are brought up in these environments will end up following their family’s rule, bring the same behaviors into their relationships.

Understanding these findings will allow a counselor to help them face their past, the importance of it and the meaning for the client. These findings allow counselors to help clients replace their self-destructive behaviors with good, healthy ones.

Environmental hazards essay

The pamphlet was presented to a young mother Of an 1 1 month Old and a 2. 5 year old. The mother and father of the children were both Caucasian ages 23 ND 31. They were of low socioeconomic status and received WICK and food assistance. They both had high school educations, but hadn’t completed college. The mother had never heard of lead poisoning or the environmental risks, symptoms, etc. , and was eager to learn. The father wasn’t present for the teaching.

During the interview and presentation, the mother relayed that she lived in a house built in the 1 ass’s that had older plumbing. She and her husband moved there during her pregnancy with her 1 1 month old daughter and had been scraping paint and re-painting to try to make the house a little more like home. The mother stated that her daughter had been having some of the symptoms discussed, such as vomiting and she was also on the lower end of the growth scale.

After learning the facts, the mother stated that she would immediately schedule an appointment to have her children’s lead levels tested, considering the age of her home and her young daughter’s symptoms. The mother seemed like she understood the information given well. She asked questions about how to avoid further lead exposure until things could be renovated, if her house was positive for lead. She stated that she would be teaching her husband about leaving his dirty boots outside in order to leave contaminated dirt outdoors if it was positive.

She stated she would have her sisters go over to her house and help her clean thoroughly, so she could just keep it up dusting and mopping after that. She was taught that lead can be passed through breast milk and she stated that she would not only be getting her children tested, but herself as well. The overall impression of the experience was good.

Intermediate Sanctions essay

Should intermediate sanctions be run by traditional probation and prison systems or by new private or public agencies seeking to serve as alternatives to them? List two benefits and two challenges for each of these strategies and provide your own policy recommendation about which one should be used (and why). Overcrowding of prisons and unnecessary incarceration rates is one of the major problems in the United States today. As stated in Chapter 9, ” more then 60 billion dollars is spent on corrections each year” (p. 20). To avoid the over crowding of prisons, a common form of sanction is probation, which is lived to not be tough enough for those who break the law. It has been proven though that someone who had been through the prison system is more likely to not reintegrate back into society and more likely to fault back into the system in comparison to someone who was given an intermediate sanction such as probation or community service.

When it comes to traditional probation and prison systems some of the benefits with probation, restitution, and fines implemented by the court system include giving first time offenders a second chance to reintegrate back not society and avoid incarceration, especially fifthly don’t intend to offend again. Also, if the offender does offend again, all tracks are kept on file and their exposure to lesser punishment goes away. The challenges with the prison system is that it doesn’t actually solve any problem, if fact it sometimes worsens the situation for offenders.

As Chapter 9 states, “We expect prison to teach the offender something and deter him or her from a life of crime, but evidence speaks to the contrary” (p. 221). Studies have shown people do worse after their release because they are subject to go back into old habits ND have no support to have a better life. Also, since the probation rate is almost twice as high as the prison rate, the seriousness of probation and the supervision along with it is minimal sometimes to almost none, which lets offenders go off on a break, as some may believe.

When it comes to private or public agencies seeking to serve alternatives, it allows for different options for offenders who need a different approach aside from straight imprisonment. Things like daily reporting treatment centers and intensive supervision allow for a more one-on-one opportunity, instead of these people just getting lost and SSH fluffed in the system. It also allows for more security through electronic monitoring and home confinement leaving citizens to feel more secure knowing they’re being watched and controlled since they are not in prison.

The main challenge to private or public agencies is funding. Although it’s not as expensive as incarceration itself, a lot more money and funding is spread throughout supporting programs like these. Also, things like shock incarceration and boot camp although may seem as a better alternative then a full prison sentence, it effects people’s lives entirely not only mentally but also by “losing their jobs, having their community relationships disrupted” etc. P. 229). I believe that intermediate sanctions should be run by new private or public agencies seeking to serve alternatives to offenders. This allows for less problematic offenders who want a change in their life to have that opportunity instead of just prison confinement. Traditional government run programs could work, but because of all the over crowdedness, people get forgotten in the system and are just a number.

Literature and the Individual in Early Modern Masterpieces essay

Iterate and the Individual in Early Modern Masterpieces ENG 106 April 27, 2015 Literature and the Individual in Early Modern Masterpieces In the early modern masterpieces, John Milton was known for his unique ability to write in multiple languages and multiple styles Of literature. One Of his most famous pieces of literature was Paradise Lost. Milton was a man of deep faith, most specifically the Protestant faith. It was because of his faith that he had no fear of expressing his views on religion and the individual; he did this even when they were not in line with what was the popular view.

Today we can see that Milton had a significant influence on the American mindset in his day, in ours, and he will continue to influence those in the future. Earlier Works Milton was very educated in a wide range of subjects, to include philosophy and theology. It was his educated background that allowed him to respond to the earlier works of literature. Milton took the opportunity to meet other great writers of the day, writers like Galileo.

He chose to focus on political and religious writings that would help the Puritan Reformation, of which he was a supporter. He had strongly held beliefs and outlooks on politics and religion and encouraged others to accept these same beliefs. It was this quality of his work that gives Million’s work its classical authority, which can be seen when seen in the same light as earlier authors like Homer, Virgil, and Shakespeare. While Million’s focus was on Puritan writings, he did publish a poem that was in Shakespearean Fourth Folio (Damrosch & Pike, 2008).

It was in this poem, the English version of the epic poem, that he made references to earlier authors like Homer and Virgil, references that were included in his cost famous work, Paradise Lost considered one of the most influential pieces of literature that Milton penned. Paradise Lost is an epic poem, like the Iliad and the Ended which tell a story about godlike heroes and villains. John Milton follows the three prominent traits that make up the classically epic poem; asking for a muse to inspire his writing, having supernatural warfare, and engaging a character in a dark voyage.

Milton writes, “Of my Celestial Patroness, who deigns her nightly visitation implored, and dictates to me slumbering, or inspires” (Damrosch & Pike, 2008, peg. 772). Like earlier writers, Milton petitions the muse and asks for her to come to him while he sleeps and inspire his words. Literary’ Qualities It was Million’s deep religious beliefs that molded the literary qualities of his work. He proudly stood up for his beliefs, not changing to the match the beliefs of the unjust rulers of his day, the monarchy.

He believed in individualism, so much so that after the death of King Charles he published works that expressed his views on the right of the people to remove and punish those who ruled with tyranny. This led to his being put on trial and imprisoned, later to be released and ordered to pay a huge fine. Million’s strong Protestant beliefs and individualism influenced his theological beliefs, which influenced his writing of Paradise Lost. Paradise lost was a representation of the Puritans, their belief in purity and truth in a corrupt society (Parry, 2008).

He was not afraid to question his faith and ask the difficult and probing questions that so many in his day were afraid to ask. Another literary quality of Million’s Paradise Lost was his invention of over 600 new words, just as Shakespearean creation of more than 2000 words and expressions (Grace, 2008). The words he created were regular words that were given new and different meanings. It was his knowledge of many different languages that helped him to create new words, giving readers a new perspective on the world around them.

By creating new words, he was also able to bring a new perspective to literature, both his own and that of others (Grace, 2008). Lesson for Today There is much that can be learned from great pieces of literature from those like Milton, contributions to the rights of the individual and the English language. His epic poem helps us to imagine and reach for the things we are old are unobtainable, freedoms and rights that should be for all not just those in positions of power.

Some of the rights we have today can be said to have been propelled into reality because of authors like Milton, those who spoke out against the tyranny of those in power even at great cost to themselves. The many writings of Milton have forever changed society by initiating debate on a variety of religious, political and social issues that had not been addressed before (Why Milton Matters, 2008). Without the contributions of authors like Milton, our English language and our individualistic society would be very different from the one we see today.

Conclusion We should appreciate and admire authors such as John Milton, he stood up for the rights of the individual even when it cost him his freedom for a time. Milton took the works of earlier writers, like Homer and Shakespeare, and built upon them. He brought the Greek epic poetry and created one in English, creating new words and expressions in the process. He took his views Of an idealistic society and created masterpieces that have endured. His courage to question the things he was not supposed to are the reason we eve the rights and freedoms as individuals today.