Jane Dare essay

The pros of using a medical terms are easy to identify, now a days if you have taken the course to help you. Having a terms complete your reports for you it seem like it would have save you a great deal of time in the medical world. In the past, people probably dictated your reports for a transcription department just like almost every other physician did. However, with the advent of ERR, most systems have allowed hospitals to practically eliminate transcription altogether.

Physicians instruct many medical terms or office managers to indicate that treatments or services were provided that were not. These errors add up over time, and they can lead to the practice or medical facility being implicated in medical fraud. Also, the cons of using medical terms may receive very little training. Some Of them have only received medical office training, and so their knowledge of basic medical terminology is probably not up to par with what an excellent patient report requires.

That means that it’s very likely that’s important information is going to be missed when compiling reporting on medical terms. The abbreviation supports the diagnosis in Jane Dare’s health records is an efficient way of keep the patient’s privacy. Not everyone need to know the patient’s medical history or what then are getting treatment for. So the abbreviations help keep the patient privacy. If the person reading the chart is not careful, a mistake could be made.

If a doctor were to write and incorrect dosage, it could lead to overall different complications or health problems, and even death. A person reading a dosage incorrectly may also have the same result Abbreviations that supportable Dare’s treatments and diagnosis would be dosages for her medications. An abbreviation that could cause a mistake in a patient or clients, this is why we pay attentions to what we do and what we say before saying anything that is not accommodated by the doctors him or her self.

Friend is like money, easier made than kept essay

Friendship is like money, easier made than kept’. (Effort is necessary to keep a friendship alive) In life, everyone needs various recreations to have a happy mood and friendship is one of them. People can easily make friends with others through conversation or interaction. However, to maintain a friendship is not an easy task, effort is necessary to keep a friendship alive. Therefore, I totally agree with Samuel Butler when he said “Friendship is like money, easier made than kept”. Firstly, it is not a difficult task to make friends. When we meet a stranger, the fastest way to make friend with them is talking.

Talking will help you decrease the embarrassment and also help you understand more about the stranger. Therefore, you will have time to consider whether this stranger has any similarity with you such as personality, hobbies… Etc or you just feel you like them and want to become friend with them. Infant, I assume that we all make new friends through conversation. I met my best friend at university and after just few minutes talking, I knew that she and me would become very closed. Secondly, to maintain a friendship is much more difficult than making friends. There are different reasons for that.

Initially, manometer how similar you and your friend are, there are still a lot differences between you two because everyone is unique, therefore their characteristics are distinguished. These differences will lead to misunderstanding and sometime argument. The next reason is that people do not have enough time with their friends which make them become strangers day by day. Despite our profound understanding about each other, my best friend and I have different taste about movie. While I love horror movies, she is terrified of these ones. Consequently, we often argue every time we want to go to the cinema.

Lastly, if people wan to keep a friendship alive, it requires a lot of efforts and sometime scarify from both sides. Friends should think for each other instead of just thinking about themselves. For example, to solve the conflict between me and my bestrides, we just go together to the cinema to watch action, cartoon, or romance movies. I will go with other friends if want to watch horror movies. Inclusion, Samuel Butler’s saying is a very right one.

Assignment marketing essay

Marketers are required to do the following: * Analyze and figure different groups of shopper who are distinct in their desires and preferences (market segmentation). * Choose specific target markets to enter (market targeting). * Set up and transmit the distinctive benefits of the corporation’s market offering in each target segment (market positioning). 2. 1 . Segmentation: A process of dividing a total market into different groups of customers with distinct desires and features that may require separate goods or marketing programs is called market segmentation.

The role of segmentation is about o divide a huge market into small markets Of shoppers who have similar needs. If companies want to start their businesses, firstly they need to accomplish segmentation for products before launch them out market. This step consists of 4 forms: geographic, demographic, cryptographic and behavior segmentation. 2. 1. 1 . Geographic segmentation: This stage bases on region, city size, climate… Most of companies prefer to locate their stores or branches in big cities.

For instance, Nikkei has placed their shops in China, only in big cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, not in rural areas. The company focuses on those cities cause citizens in there are willing to buy products like shoes or shirts for exercise or sport. Otherwise, Nikkei also utilizes software on smart phone to show geographic locations of their buyers. 2. 1. 2. Demographic segmentation: In this process, corporations rely on income, age, gender, generation… To segment merchandises into market. * Age: Adults and children have different wants. * Gender: Men and women have different views, attitudes and behavior.

For example, women are more communal-minded whereas men are more self-expressive and goal- directed. * Income: First and middle classes tend to buy much more than lower class. Generation: Each generation is affected by the time. 2. 1. 3. Cryptographic segmentation: This segmentation, which connects to demographic, includes 3 factors: lifestyles, motives and personality. Customers are divided into those factors. For example, Aids ‘s products target on people who are simple, fresh and dynamic while Nikkei ‘s items aim at modern lifestyle, unique and colorful. 2. 1. 4.

Behavior segmentation: Customers are segmented into distinct groups on the basis of their knowledge, attitude towards, use of response to a product. * Decision roles: – Initiator – Influencer – Decider – Buyer – User Behavioral variables – Occasions – Benefits – User status – User rate – Buyer-readiness – Attitude – Loyalty status: consisted of hard-core locals, split locals, shifting locals and switchers. A group of people or organizations for which a company establishes and sustains a marketing mix particularly plan for satisfying the desires of block members.

The following step companies need to do is targeting. After the process of segmentation allocated customers into different groups, targeting will help companies determine which group is greatest potential for them to focus on. 2. 2. 1 . Evaluating the market segments This process consists of 3 factors: segment size and growth, segment structural attractiveness and company objectives and resources. 2. 2. 1. 1 . Segment size and growth: Big firms prefer segments with big sales volumes and overlook small segments.

Small companies ignore big segments since they will require too plenty of resources. 2. 2. 12. Segment structural attractiveness: A segment may have needs and growth but are not attractive from a benefit point of view. There are 5 risks that companies may face. – Risk from industry competitors: This condition contains aggressive rivals and lead to price wars. Risks from potential entrants: Some new competitors entry the market and will take a parts of the market share. – Risk of substitute products: Sales of company is affected if there are many substitutive products existed. Risk of thriving bargaining power of customers: Bargaining shoppers struggle to decrease price down and require more quality and services. – Risk of thriving bargaining power of suppliers: suppliers may raise prices or reduce the quality of merchandises. 2. 2. 1. 3. Company objectives and resources: Companies need to determine their own objectives and resources that relate to their segments. 2. 2. Selecting the market segments: After evaluating different segments, the corporations need to find market segments to enter and how many segments to serve.

There are 5 patterns of target market selection that companies must concern. * Single Segment concentration: companies pick one potential single market for further segment expansion. * Selective specialization: companies pick a number of attractive segments that are matched with objectives and resources of companies. If a segment is not attractive any more, firm still can get money from the others. * Product specialization: Companies focus on one specific reduce and build a strong reputation for that product. * Market specialization: Companies focus on collecting needs of customers. K pull market coverage: Only big companies such as Nikkei or Aids can undertake a full market coverage strategy by serving all consumers groups with all products they have. For example, Nikkei targets all types of customers, especially people from 18-30 years old because at this stage people can afford products for themselves. They like fashion and some of Nine’s products are fashionable. Therefore, they don’t hesitate buy these goods such as shoes or clothes. And with a slogan ” just do it ” Nikkei make consumers fell aggressive and curious to try Nine’s product.

Otherwise, Nikkei also focuses on people between 30-50 years old because they are middle high income social class. 2. 3. Positioning: A product occupies clearly, distinctively and desirably place in the mind of the target market is called market positioning. 2. 3. 1 . Determine the positioning for each target segment: Companies need to understand their current positioning by doing market research. Use a perceptual mapping to depict consumer perceptions of how goods compete based on mutual attributes. Relocating is hard and Often hardly if current brand associations are too healthy. 2. . 2. Develop a market mix for each target segment: Company’s marketing mix must be driven by company’s desired positioning. Promise, performance and consumer perceptions of company determine positioning. Positioning is the long-term process and requires significant resources. For example, Nikkei and Aids have a lot of stores in the world and the way they sell products is totally different. Aids have located in a fairly traditional sport goods store layout, garment in the front and shelves of shoes in the back. Nikkei has an alternative approach, allocating their branches by sport.

In each sector such as basketball, running, soccer, consumers are surrounded by Nine’s vision of a specific sport and all products are sold to make customers see that vision is a reality. Nikkei and Aids also have a different service in the way they contact with customers online. For instance, Nikkei totally integrated in part offence. Com. Nine’s shop is the best store for all things golf. Nikkei did the same way in its shop layout, a narrative around its gold items. Nikkei has not sold customers a pair of golf spikes , it has been selling consumers Nikkei golf.

On the contrary, Aids golf has own website, which co-brands with Taylor Made and Seaworthy, two other golf brands. It is absolutely surprising when customers cannot access Aids golf from its Aids. Com website. Segmentation, targeting, positioning are the three marketing tools used by marketers. However, don’t focus them too much because targeting and segmentation narrow the market and reduce potential sales of companies. Positioning indicates whether customers interested in products or not. If companies are truly consumers focused, segmentation will be inappropriate and positioning is self-defeating.

A woman to her lover by Christina Walsh essay

A woman to her lover by Christina Walsh is a poem about a woman who only wants true and natural love instead of physical love. The poem starts with a rhetorical question, “Do you come to me to bend me to your will”. This could show that the narrator is asking to her lover that, does he want her to do whatever he wants. This can show that women were controlled by their husbands. She describes herself as a “boundless. ” This word could suggest that she is bonded to her husband in a negative way as she uses the word “slave. She repeatedly uses the phrase “O lover I refuse you”, to stress and show how ordered she is about how her lover would treat her. In the second stanza, Christina says that she is not the “one from heaven sent who’s every deed and word and wish is golden. ” She is saying that she is not one of the polite women who would do whatever her lover wants her to do. In the third stanza, Christina says that she is not “a creature”. This could show that before she was being referred as a creature, so she is inferior to a normal human being. All these factors also give us clues on how women were probably treated on those times.

In the final stanza, Christina Walsh talks about the ideal love she would like to meet. She starts the stanza with “but” which shows us a sudden change in the atmosphere. She explains to her lover that she requires a “co-equal love. ” This means that she wants a lover who would treat her the same way he would treat himself. We can experience a change in the atmosphere as now Christina starts to speak more or less how she would like to be with him. She also calls him “husband” who shows that she still has feelings or him and is ready to accept him.

Chemical Changes essay

The solution from the previous activity, filter paper, Erlenmeyer flask,6. O M HIGHS, stirring rod, 1 0 ml water. The precipitate settled down until the suppurate was clear. Then it was through a filter paper into the Erlenmeyer flask. The precipitate was washed in the beaker using 10 ml of water. The precipitate settled down and was decanted again through the filter paper into the Erlenmeyer flask containing the filtrate. The whole process was repeated until the precipitate is washed four times. The same filter paper was washed with about 1 ml 6. 0 M HIGHS ND then the filtrate was caught in the beaker containing the copper (II) oxide precipitate. Then the solid was dissolved by stirring. More HIGHS was added to dissolve the precipitated completely. The filter paper was washed again with 10 ml water. Then observations were recorded. 4. Reduction of Cue (II) Ions to Metallic Copper Materials used: solution from the previous activity, 1. 5 g Zen dust, 6. 00 M NH, of 0. 100 M Cue(NON)2, Water, 6. 00 M HCI, filter paper, beaker. About 1. 5 g zinc dust was slowly added to the solution in the previous activity with constant stirring. The chemical changes were observed and noted.

It stirred until no reaction is occurring and then more zinc was added to make the solution color less. The completeness of the reaction was tested by adding a few drops of the solution in a test tube containing 1 ml of 6. 00 M NH. This solution was compared to the controlled solution(prepared by adding a drop of 0. 100 M Cue(NON)2 solution and 2 drops of NH to 1 ml water). Observations were noted. The suppurate in the latter step was decanted and discarded and the precipitate was washed in the beaker twice using 10 ml water. The wash water was decanted and discarded after each washing.

A 10 ml water and a 2 ml 6. 00 M HCI were added to the precipitate slowly. It was stirred until no more change is observed. The precipitate was settled and the suppurate was again decanted and discarded. The precipitate was washed again with 10 ml of water. The wash water was again decanted and discarded. The entire solid (precipitate) was transferred to a beaker to a weighed filter paper. The filter paper was folded and was kept in the locker to be observed in the next meeting. 5. Oxidation of Copper Materials used: solid from the filter paper from the previous activity, evaporating dish, Bunsen burner.

A pinch of the weighed solid (solid from the filter paper from the previous activity) was put into an evaporating dish and was heated directly over a Bunsen burner. Observations were observed and recorded. Ill. Data and Discussions For the first part of the experiment, Cue(NON)2 solution was added with Noah solution and is described with the following equation: Cue(NON)2(as) + 2 Noah(as) +2 Nanny(as) The addition of Noah to the Cue(NON)2 solution produced a blue precipitate since Cue(OH)2 was insoluble in water. Further addition of Noah made the precipitate turn into bluish green.

The acidity of the product was then tested wrought the means of using litmus paper. It was found out that the solution was basic since the blue litmus paper remained blue and the red litmus paper turned to blue. The solution was then boiled for about minutes and the reaction can be described as: Cue(OH)2(s) cue(s) + H2O(I) Heating copper (II) hydroxide lead to the appearance of black precipitate. From the bluish-green color, it changed into a black precipitate. After boiling, the precipitate was then allowed to settle. Noah was added to the suppurate and it was observed that the precipitate turned into a dark brown color.

The elution with added Noah was then heated and it was observed that the solution turned into a chocolate brown color. The precipitate was then allowed to settle until the suppurate was clear. The suppurate was then filtered through the use of filter paper into the Erlenmeyer flask. The filter paper having the copper (II) oxide solid used was washed with 6. MUM HIGHS thus having a reaction of: coo(S) + HIGHS(as) cuscus(as) + H2O(I) It was noted that from the colorless or clear filtrate, it changed into blue. Also, there was a formation of blue precipitate when 6. MUM HIGHS was added.

The Cuscus solution obtained was then added with zinc dust having a chemical equation as follows: Cuscus(as) + Zen(s) Azans(as) + Cue(s) During the addition of more zinc dust, it was observed that there were bubbles. HCI was added to the solution to dissolve the remaining zinc. The precipitate was then after allowed to settle and the suppurate was discarded. The remaining solid was transferred into a filter paper. The filter paper was then air dried and was weighed after. The recorded mass of the filter paper and the solid was 1. Gig. It was also observed that the color of the solid after IR drying was metallic brown.

Social identity essay

We have no idea whether they are on track Of working or under maintenance. Principles Of human right and well-being could be employed to organize a range of big issues such as labor, race, food, immigration and education. By considering the meaning of people, it is to deliberate wellbeing is the main concern for the government, not the business.

Unfavorable, specification of objectives regarding people is complex as the most effective measure is to modify the system. Changes normally have an unexpected consequences and therefore he climate of change is remained increasing. Progressively, everyone is seeing the changes are in interests of corporations. Hence, the corporations are believed to be the ones which control the operation of the world, not governments. To figure out where the world is without depending on “capitalism” and “socialism”, it is to study how a practical political economy looks like.

Since there is a dispute regarding the management of society, hard work is what we need to develop strategies for it. 3. 0 Theoretical Principles 3. 1 Values and Identity ‘Identity, delineated by Jenkins (2008, p. 5), refers to the basic cognitive Achaeans that humans use to sort out themselves and their fellows, individually and collectively, which is ultimate to the organization of the human world: their capacity to identify who is who and what is what. As recorded by Teasel (cited in Hog, 2001 , p. 1 86), creation and determination of humans location in the society is found in the system of classification.

Simultaneously, social identity refers to “the knowledge of the individual that he or she is appropriate to fit in a specific social group collectively with some emotional and value significance to him of the group membership” (Teasel, cited in Hog, 2001, p. 86). Everyone, as a citizen in a society, plays a role of defender to safeguard his or her own nation from being ruined. As stated in Social Identity Theory, Seaports and Mall (cited in Blade & Tyler, 2009) categorized people into a diverse social groups?gender, age, social status and organizational memberships, for example.

Gradually, this theory was developed principally to illustrate a social-psychological view which is believed to reestablish the consistency of organizational identification and organizational behavior application (Henry, cited in Blade & Tyler, 2009; Hog, Terry & White, 1995). It is believed that there is a bond between identification and motivation or behavior, but it is not expected. In relation to identification, employees are said to be motivated to work harder as they commit themselves to the organizations, yet it was opposed the concept was oversimplified (Hennessey & West, 1999).

In a group, identification seems complicated and might enclose with conflicts rather than achieving organizational goals. Jenkins (2008) argued that “identification and collectivity are emergent by-products of the transactions and negotiations of individuals pursuing their interests”. He added, people might occasionally deal with inflicts over the interests’ pursuit and their public, individual and collective identification. Teasel (cited in Hennessey & West, 1999) infers that if people define themselves as citizens of their countries, they would have contribute a minor effort to the nation’s development.

Government, identify itself as the major rule establisher to regulate its people and contributor to the public by offering social welfare. Yet, there are the corporations controlling the operation Of the society and they are all-in-time focus only on their interests. This is because the government found complicated to decide on agriculture ND economics matters as they are complex soft systems where there is a lack of idea whether both of them are on track of work or under maintenance.

In the article, Jenkins (2008, p. 10) described formal or informal organizations as the most extensive collectivity comprising tacit behavioral customs and norms as well as unambiguous regulations and policies in shared goals, in sets of control and authority, in criteria of employment and in operational standards. According to Seaports and Mall (1 989), an employee normally defined himself or herself in respect of organization, dealing with relation of individual to the organization.

A complicated and continuously increasing mixture of planning, improvisation and habit, affected by emotional responses, health and well-being, access to natural resources, knowledge and view of world is known as individual identification. Group, a real but illusory identification, does not have the same ontological status as individuals because human individuals are known as actual entities. People who think themselves are activists symbolize they are collectives who manipulate the politic to their own interest.

However, conservatives are thinking in a safer way to keep themselves living in a harmony environment. . 2 Theoretical Issues Theory, defined by Neuter (cited in Gaffing 2008, p. 4), is a set of opinions, propositions or accepted facts based on reasonable inferences of a subject matter comprising the use of formulation of basic concepts. It delivers a rationale for an action which is derived from the statement of “practice emerges from theory’, as people require to perform theories by taking real actions (Boniface &Zini 2005). Ontology, defined by Lusaka (1 990, p. 40), is the notion of existence to define the being of essential nature and the realistic existence of things is determined as realist ontology. Gaffing (2008, p. 12) mentioned, the modern societies highlight the importance of acculturation, capitalism and modern economic individualism which related to the study of human nature. This implies the purpose of people and the ideas of political revolutions leading to the changing element in human ‘development’ underlying the current political economy. Next, epistemology is what people have to focus on as it is defined as the procedure to acquire knowledge.

Basically, it refers to the ‘theory of knowledge’ and comprising the regulation on methods as well as the purpose of gaining knowledge (Gaffing 008, p. 8-9). In reality, theory creation is believed to help people understand themselves and their environment, and their capabilities to survive in the world with their desired living mode?what is considered as ‘knowledge’. People clearly understand that they have to rectify the serious issues such as labor, race, food, immigration and education with a set of regulations, including the notions of human rights and security (Batman, 2015).

This is then followed by the methodology and methods where methodology represent the Outline or structure of methods to find out the results, such as questionnaires used in a marketing research while method is the technique people use to solve the problem or examining the objectives. People, in order to preserve their future, protect themselves and their environment, they believe refurbishment of current obsolete system would be a method of change. In a modern advanced culture, Graffiti (2008, p. ) agreed that people demand for a more sophisticated social life rather than a simple and ordinary life and therefore he concluded that a complex theory has been applied to the society where people gained knowledge and did some inventions to transform the world into a contemporary society. Modern agriculture is believed to be a sustainable system for farmers, yet it is questionable at the moment as there is lack of recruitment in related career field.

Furthermore, Lusaka (1990) inferred that there is a belief of self-interest pursuit, also defined as psychological egoism, exists within men as they move towards happiness relatively to gloom where this represents human behavior. Similarly, corporations perform regarding their own interests nowadays as they dominate major division of economics performance of the nations. Nevertheless, without any goal settings, the world is changing in a way not preferred by the population. In other words, the current society can be said operating on corporations as they are the major contributors to the society.

Last, but not least, these theoretical principles play a vital role in knowledge stream management within the organization as well as to change people ‘s way of thinking and their relationships dealing with others. In Peter Seen?s findings (cited in Ramped, 2007), he discussed that people should put aside their traditional way of thinking and develop their own ideal model which enable themselves to be more capable to encounter with future challenges and be all-time-ready within an ever-changing working environment.

Besides, people should understand how the whole organization and society are functioning, devise the shared objectives together and to perform ambitiously as a team. Batman (2015) also agreed on the argument where he suggested people to figure out a really functional political economy and put their efforts over the societal management for future development. 4. 0 Conclusion Concisely, identification of individual in different areas represent their purpose in the field and normally they do have some emotional behaviors revealed if they deal with a group of people.

Individual identify himself or resell differently from who he or she is in a group, in the family, in the nation, in his or her expertise and so on. Individual defines himself or herself differently from what people identify them within the entire organization or group. Theoretical issues focus on ontology?the existence of being and the development related to them, which determines the knowledge. Then, it links to epistemology, methodology and methods. Epistemology refers to the procedure to gain knowledge while methodology and method are frame used and techniques to gain the knowledge.

Changes represent an increasing climate and it normally has unexpected consequences. Hence, everyone has to change their mind of conventional thinking to adapt the new society, to develop new skills and often be opened to change. Development of strategies is needed to welcome the ever-changing environment as people might be dropped out from the group as they are not ready to face the new challenges.

Digital Economy And Income Inequality essay

At present, we have devoted an effort to describe the impact of Information and Communication Technologies on income distribution in Thailand. Some concepts have aroused as Digital Development, Information Society, Knowledge-based societies, Network Societies… And above all, the needs to make the evolution of these theoretical constructs measurable.

This effort has served many purposes, being the more relevant explaining what was the impact of Information and Communication Technologies (Sits) on Thailand (b) measuring this impact c) designing policies to foster positive impacts while reducing negative Beyond – or within – general theoretical approaches, applied ones models have been built to identify the core aspects that made up a particular understanding of the interaction of Sits and Society, and tried to draw the relationships amongst these aspects.

In some cases, the translation of these issues into specific indicators made possible the measurement of the evolution of the digital economy – as understood by each model and the establishment of relationships of cause within models, relationships upon which policies were to be built. In the following pages we identify and analyze what have been the main models to quantitatively describe and measure the digital economy, understood as the results of the process of digitization of society and its economy, and the prior or first stage upon which more complex theories are based upon.

First, we focus on the theoretical and methodological proposals for modeling the digital economy. We are particularly interested in their conceptual approach, although some of these models have been applied also in surveys and assessment When not applied, these models have framed future understandings and designs of ore practical models. We secondly switch to cases of actual implementation, that is, sets of indicators and composite indices aimed at measuring the development of the Information Technology.

We have deliberately set aside public policies to promote the digital economy for two main reasons. The first one because we want to be as close as possible of what has been really done and not what was said that was going to be. The second one is because the results of these policies must be properly measured to realize their real achievements; in doing so – measuring – we see tacit models merge from daily practice. It is thus by approaching the tools that we can proxy and infer the actual models implemented.

Definition of “The Digital Economy’ First Of all, before being preoccupied with the impact Of the digital economy on income distribution in Thailand, we would like to present some formal definitions of this term that we gathered from various sources in order to shed light on your vision and broaden your perspective toward this issue… “… The Digital Economy – is defined by the changing characteristics of technology, information, computing, and communications – is now the reinvent driver of economic growth and social change.

With a better standing of these fundamental transformations, we can make wiser decisions – whether we are investing in research, products, or services, or are adapting our laws and policies to the realities of a new age… ” – Neal Lane, Assistant to the President for Science and Technology, April 1 999 “… The Digital Economy refers to a set of qualitative and quantitative changes that, in the last 15 years, have transformed the structure, functioning, and rules of the economy.

It is the knowledge and idea-based economy where the keys to job reaction and higher standards of living are innovative ideas and technology embedded in services and manufactured products. It is an economy where risk, uncertainty, and constant change are the rule, rather than the exception – The united Nation Conference in 2000 “… When we talk about The Digital Economy, we are talking about a world in which people work with their brains instead Of their hands.

A world in which communications technology creates a global competition not just for running shoes and laptop computers, but also for bank loans and other services that cannot be packed into a crate and shipped by utilizing new concepts and ethos rather than new machines. A world at least as different from what came before it as the industrial age was from its agricultural predecessor. A world so different its emergence can only be described as a revolution… Spencer Regis, the contributing editor at Wired Magazine of the United States Consequently, from many frames of minds toward this term, we can definitely summarize that “The Digital Economy’ is an economy that its new systems and processes are based mainly on computers, the information technology, the Internet, and wisdom. Besides, this term refers specifically to the recent ND still widely unrealized transformation of all sectors of the economy by the computer-enabled digitization of information.

The digital economy also becomes a generator of the new business and wealth creation at present. Comprehensive Model of ‘The Digital Economy’ The next point that we must explain before moving on further to our topic is the comprehensive model of “The Digital Economy”. Thanks to Small Pea-Lopez, lecturer and researcher of University Oberon De Catalonia (CHOC), the model that we meticulously selected and presented below is the most clear-cut and perfect paradigm to understand the factors of the digital economy. The crucial composites of the whole system are… ) Infrastructures The main function of infrastructure is to enhance the smoothness of content and services’ flow by utilizing three major components which are connectivity, hardware, and software. 2) CIT Sector This part is concerned thoroughly with sectors using three major components of the infrastructure mentioned previously in order to bring about the optimization of resources. 3) Digital Literacy “Digital Literacy’ or “Digital Skills” includes technological and informational literacy, and especially CIT driven training for better capacity. Gal Framework This is about regulations and restrictions on the digital economy 5) Content and Services These are the finalist uses of the technology. Differences between “Old Economy’ and “Digital Economy” ISSUE OLD ECONOMY DIGITAL ECONOMY Economy-wide Characteristics: Markets Stable Dynamic Scope of Competition National Global Organizational Form Hierarchical, Bureaucratic Networked industry: Organization of Production Mass Production Flexible Production Key Drivers of Growth Capital/Labor Innovation/Unknowing Key Technology Driver Mechanization Digitization Source of Competitive Advantage

Lowering Cost Through Economies of Scale Quality, Time-To-Market, and Cost Importance of Research/limitation Low-Moderate High Relations With Other Firms Go It Alone Alliances And Collaboration Workforce: Policy Goal Full Employment Higher Real Wages and Incomes Skills Job-Specific Skills Broad Skills and Cross-Training Requisite Education A Skill or Degree Lifelong Learning Labor-Management Relations Adversarial Collaborative Nature of Employment Marked by Risk and Opportunity Government: Business-Government Relations Impose Requirements Encourage Growth Opportunities Regulation

Command and Control Market Tools, Flexibility Resource : A similar set of Old and New Economy characteristics has also been developed by John Doer, of Klein, Perkins, Coalfield & Byers (Menlo Park, California). So far, it has been many aspects of differences which continuously occur between the old economy and the digital economy. Here is the table presenting the lists of those differences… As you can see from above, there are many changes due to the impacts of digital economy.

The Recent Situation of Global Digital Economy According to “digital economy rankings”, or previously known as “e- deadness rankings” of 201 0 issued by the Economist Intelligence Unit, Sweden is at the first position from 70 countries taking parts in the ranking race. Undoubtedly, the reason for the success of Sweden is that the country has high levels of connectivity, stable states of business operations, and positive legal environments.

Furthermore, strong educational and cultural drivers which are supportive government CIT policies and growing use of digital services by individuals and businesses also trigger the strong digital development progress in Sweden according to Denis McCauley, the Economist Intelligence units Director of Global Technology Research. The outstanding fact reveals that Finland, Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan had made powerful advances; as a consequence, this also shows that the qualities of Asian broadband start to catch up with and compete against Europe and North America.

The standards for ranking are listed at the table below. Scoring criteria categories and weights Category Weight Connectivity and tech oenology infrastructure Business environment 15% Social and cultural environment Legal environment Government policy and vision Consumer and business adoption Source: Economist Intelligence unit, 2010 For Thailand, however, from 2009 to 2010, the rank is unchanged at 49th, the total score declined slightly from 5. 00 in 2009 to 4. 86 in 2010.

In our view, there is still a huge challenge for Thailand in the global stage for extracting the benefits from digital technology The key implications from this survey are presented as follows: Nordic countries have been improved in most digital economy areas: Sweden this year is leader, Denmark, albeit by a narrow margin. Finland and Norway are also among the top six digital economy countries in 201 0, the former advancing six places mainly on the strength of improved performance in indicators measuring the use of online services.

Ass’s digital leaders overcome the rest on quality: Taiwan, South Korea and Japan all advanced strongly in the rankings, partly thanks to high scores relative to the rest of the world?in broadband and mobile “quality”. Their high fiber density, for one, is testament to these countries’ ability to execute on their digital agendas. Broadband is more affordable across the globe: In 49 of the 70 countries in the rankings, the monthly fee charged by the main broadband provider mounted to less than 2% of median monthly household income in 2009.

This was the case in 42 of the 70 countries in the 2009 study, and only 33 countries in 2008. Affordability has advanced strongly in developing countries such as Vietnam and Nigeria. The evidence confirms that the digital divide is narrowing: Where 5. 9 points (on a 1-10 scale) separated the top-ranked country from that of the bottom ranked in 2009, the gap narrowed to 5. 5 points in this year’s study. This is partly due to the above-cited model changes which, in “raising the bad’, have had a larger dampening effect on the scores of top-tier countries than on hose further down.

As in the case of broadband affordability, however, lower tier countries are making up ground in a number of areas. Digital Economy Abroad Nowadays, both developed and developing countries are pushing their efforts and converting their visions in order to create new policies for dealing with the digital economy. The united States For 15 years, the digital economy has been already started and is believed that this is the major engine of economic growth at present. Due to its impacts, the volume of service sector has been increased while the proportion of manufacturing sector has declined.

Furthermore, the investment of the information technology has also escalated by both private and public sectors. The US government has launched dominant policies for promoting the role of information technology: “The National Information Infrastructure (MINI’ in 1992 and ‘The Global Information Infrastructure in 1994. Moreover, the government also paid attention to E-Commerce and tried to make the international trade to be in the global network form. The European Countries Internet is the main target for the economic development Of the European countries.

There are three purposes for targeting the Internet yester and accessibility: the efficiency, skill improvement, and legal environment. However, England is now facing the problem of how to deal with property rights with the digital economy Act. Asia There is an increasingly rapid development of Internet businesses in China. The pace of development has really been quickening as more and more of the population gain access to the Internet. China is the promising model of this region because of strong signs of being innovative.

Yet, controversial action by the Chinese government in respect of Internet companies such as Google, Yahoo! ND Microsoft continues to loom as problematic. Moreover, Singapore is performing well also by setting up new infrastructure and the Internet system. Africa There seems to be an unquestioned assumption that an African country (other than South Africa) would be the least likely candidate for a digital economy to emerge. According to the CIA World Fastback 201 0, the literacy rate in Kenya stands at 85. 1 % (compare to Nigeria: 68%; Burning Fast: 21-8%).

In Africa, only South Africa has a higher literacy rate (86. 4%). Internet penetration in 2009 was estimated at 8. 6%; I. E. Roughly 3. 6 million users. Furthermore, unlike e-governance, an emerging digital economy does not require that a majority of citizens are connected in order to thrive. Latin America and Caribbean Many of the changes that have recently taken place in Latin America and the Caribbean in terms of trade liberalizing and the modernization of telecommunications, places the region in a good position to embark upon its transition to information-technology and knowledge-based society.

The outstanding example of this region that can perform well is Chile. However, the region’s marked social segmentation and high level of poverty and social exclusion are causes of concern, as is its very limited institutional capacity for defining and regulating proprietary rights and the social obligations of the agents who hold such rights. Middle East Mobile commerce is potentially important for a wide range of industries, including telecommunications, IT, finance, retail and the media, as well as for end-users.

Jordan and Dublin have developed as the Middle East region s major bases for web-based businesses and services but Saudi Arabia, home to around one in seven Arab Internet users, is the region’ s most important market. Australia and Oceania This region is rapidly adopting technology and taking up the new opportunities to connect, collaborate and transact more effectively. Many businesses are incorporating the digital tools necessary to make their business more productive and efficient, and support new business opportunities. Digital Economy in Thailand Now, lets put the digital economy of Thailand in your perspective for deeper insights.

There are many striking events that help result in the transformation of the economic system throughout decades. “Computerizing”… Firstly, in 1963, “Computerizing” had struck and caused numerous changes when Thailand started using computers mainly for research and development purposes (R&D). The first kind of computers settled at the faculty of commerce and accountancy of Clangorous University at that time is IBM 1620. Afterwards, IBM 1401 is used for demographic observation at the national statistical office of Thailand also. Later on in 1964, computers became prevalent and were used for business and financial purposes massively.

The obvious examples of this phenomenon are The Siam Cement Group and Bangkok Bank. 10 years later, computers were transformed into minicomputers and installed at the Stock Exchange Market of Thailand in order to facilitate the financial transactions and enhance the efficiency of the operation. Furthermore, for small businesses, minicomputers are modified further into microcomputers which were widespread in 1979. Computerizing benefits not only for business and economy but also for education. To illustrate, many schools and universities have used computers for teaching processes since 1983. Internet Revolution”… Thailand has started using the Internet since 1 987 by connecting minicomputers between Prince of Seasonal University collaborating with Asian Institution of Technology (TIT) in Thailand and Melbourne University in Australia through the wires. At that time, the information was transferred very slowly and just temporary. In 1992, the National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NEGLECT) conducted the connectivity of six institutions including Clangorous University, NEE-CUTE, Prince of Seasonal University, Tamaris University, and Assets University together.

This event created “Thai Social/Scientific Academic and Research Network” (THESPIANS). Then, the Internet services were kicked off for commercial purposes for the first time in 1995. Until now, computerizing and Internet revolution have been developed mutinously and lead to new information technology and electronic commerce (E-commerce) which can help stimulate the economic growth and productivity of the country consecutively. Thai government actions also reinforce those benefits by setting up the National Information Technology Committee since 1992.

Digital Economy and Income Inequality in Thailand Exactly, in the digital economy, there is a complex relationship between technological growth and employment, but no previous technological innovation matches the power and potential significance of the IT. This is leading to broad concern and debate about the potential impact of the digital economy on income distribution especially in Thailand. In the Elicited States, many researchers are cynical. For example, from one article, “[Promoters] say the [information] highway will be paved with jobs.

Yet how is it that every week a phone company or computer company announces massive layoffs? ” (Notwithstanding the difficulties some companies experience in weathering the first restructuring of the new information technology sector, the data show that this industry is the engine of economic growth and high-paying, high-value jobs. Hence, the inspiration sparked up in our minds and thoughts in order to investigate the case of Thailand whether those quotations really hold.

Take a stand essay essay

This has a long term effect on its victims such as mental and emotional stress that can carry on into the future. “Bullying has become established in our society and schools that it is often ignored and considered as “part of normal behavior during our adolescent years. “(Tragic, S. 2009). This type of abuse can lead people to living an unhealthy life which therefore can relate to self-esteem issues and Hereford cause unhealthy lifestyles.

While bullying is commonly associated with face to face interactions it may also be done online (Cyber bullying). This form of bullying is becoming more popular especially with social media and makes it easier for the person or person (s) doing the bullying to be able to hide easier. Accessibility has been defined as “willful and repeated harm inflicted through the use of computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices” (Hindu & Patching, 2009). “There is a degree of difficulty of detecting the misbehaving, identifying the offending party, proving of verifying the rounding’ (Hindu, S. & Patching, J. W. 2010). We need to set rules and make sure that cyber bullying comes to an end. People that are often bullied in school are bullied online and sometimes in their own neighborhoods from gang members that are trying to recruit the kids to do their evil biding such as running drugs. These victims usually are not capable of holding down steady jobs, mostly because of the lifestyle they have chosen to live, this includes but is not limited to the use heavy alcohol, gambling and drug abuse. In a research survey there were high percentages f drug and alcohol abuse by the kids that got bullied. However, there is great concern regarding students who are being bullied and those who are reporting symptoms of depression and alcohol use” (Statewide Survey Finds Drug use down, Bullying up. 201 1). There is a higher suicide rate with kids and young adults that have been bullied. There should be some form of laws and rules that lean heavily against bullying, but with the bullying being done electronically the only way to catch the offender is if the victim says anything about who is doing the bullying. Schools are becoming better at educating ids on the effects of bullying, “Fortunately, schools have strategies to prevent bullying.

These strategies are most effective when they are part of a comprehensive prevention program implemented at the district, school, and classroom levels. Research indicates that schools can cut bullying by as much as 50% with a comprehensive school wide prevention program” (Shore, K. 2009), this would be a huge step towards eliminating bullying in schools around the world. Teachers are the core of bully prevention. Teachers should provide instruction and anti-bullying programs to discourage bullying and inform students of the consequences resulting from it.

Sometimes kids learn from their environment if they happen to have a parent that is somewhat of a bully or the parent or one if the parents is a victim of domestic violence the child may learn that bullying is an acceptable form of love and/or acceptance with the popular kids at school. In conclusion, bullying has a mass effect on people all around the world. If we educate our teachers and our kids on the effects that bullying has on our society and how vulnerable our kids will be and how this effects their self-esteem and what choices they make for their true.

It seems that bullying doesn’t give anything positive back to the community as a whole or to the world. The best way to eliminate bullying is to come together globally and take a stand against bullying. We need to work together and stand up against violence verbally and physically.

Learning From Mistakes essay

Mistakes are an inevitable part in human growth and development. They are encountered from the very beginning as people interact with one another and become very evident in the learning process. Bearing in mind that no man is perfect, it becomes vital for each individual to allow for re-evaluation, correction and learning so as to be made better than they were. In this essay we shall consider mistakes and why it is important to learn from them.

The success of a company can be attributed to its ability to learn from the market ND the employees and acknowledging where to improve for maximum service production. Learning from the market clearly defines the desire that consumers have regarding the products in the market therefore helping to establish what to maximize on and identify errors made by the predecessors or by the company itself which acted as a hindrance to achievement of goals.

Companies have the tendency to allocate employees jobs depending on the vacancies present reducing the perfect ground for specialization (Arises 1 This leads to employment of people who work to fit in the gaps that have en predefined for them which mostly includes working harder to fit in the job description, an aspect that at times leads to lack of efficiency in the overall output. These are some aspects depicting the necessity of identification of mistakes for improved efficiency.

The first step in learning from mistakes is analysis of the subject who are any individual including scholars, employees, parents and children. For one to learn, they must first admit that they were wrong to equip them with the space and the environment required to change. Several reasons exist showing the importance of people learning room mistakes (Appear 3). By learning from one’s mistakes, an individual is given a chance to avoid repeating them in the future which ends up enhancing the overall quality and productivity of that person.

This in essence helps people to overcome the stigma associated with being errant and a failure. Since learning from mistakes is a comprehensive process including accepting where one was wrong, its fulfillment leaves one with the sense of having achieved something. The way people carry themselves and the esteem they attribute to themselves is highly affected by the way they perform and owe they are rated in their environment of residence. An errant person is more likely to have lower self-esteem than one whose performance is flawless.

Self-esteem and self-confidence are therefore aspects of a person’s life whose improved is proportional to their rate of learning from mistakes. When one learns from mistakes, the overall ability and performance improve since the potential to experiment in more fields is unveiled. The quicker the rate of learning from mistakes a person has, the more their chances to experiment more therefore raising their chances for specialization and overall advancements.

In conclusion, all people are destined to err in one aspect of their lives. The courage to accept wrong doing and the desire to learn from the mistakes is what enhances and encourages a person’s development and advancements. Learning from mistakes is therefore an important aspect for those willing to advance and achieve higher than the position they hold.

The significance of conceptual-primacy essay

The significance of conceptual- primacy to the process of developing a conceptual-framework for financial reporting By One-Mamba This short paper shall assess the significance of conceptual-primacy to the process of developing a conceptual-framework for financial reporting. Furthermore, we shall explore how conceptual-framework producers, such as the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FAST) and the International Accounting Standards Board (SAAB), have treated conceptual-primacy, and seek to determine whether or not they have made the correct choice in their treatment.

Conceptual-primacy are concepts that are used to define other concepts, and in doing so provide unity and prevent the set of concepts from being internally inconsistent’ (Johnson, 2004). With this definition we can affirm that conceptual-primacy is pivotal to the development of a conceptual-framework. This is because, if conceptual- frameworks are intended to ensure a consistent basis in setting standards; uniformity in reporting and reducing the need for fundamental debate each time a standard is issued; then this would not be possible if there are disputes regarding the interpretation of the framework itself.

Thus conceptual-primacy narrows the scope for deviation in interpreting standards and such is absolutely fundamental to the development of a conceptual, framework. With conceptual primacy, there is only one economic reality but it may be reflected in the accounts in one of two ways, from either the Balance Sheet (B/S) (Asset and Liability view) or Profit & Loss (P) (Revenue and Expense view). This creates a dilemma regarding which view we should bestow conceptual-primacy to. Conceptual-framework producers have chosen the B/ S view. Our interest is to examine why this is the case, and scrutinize the arguments in regards to this choice.

According to senior project managers of both FAST and SAAB, ‘The IBIS view is grounded in a theory prevalent in economics: ‘that an entity income can be objectively determined from the change in its wealth plus what it consumed during a period’ (Hicks, 1946!. This view is carried out in definitions of liabilities, equity, and income that are based on the definition Of assets that gives “conceptual primacy’ to assets’ (Halley G. Bullet, 2005). However, many commentators refute the claim that the B/S view is consistent with Hicks and claim that the works of Hicks has been misconstrued.

Both the FAST and the SAAB inappropriately justify their “B/S view’ of income determination based upon the published work of Nobel laureate economist J. R. Hicks. Hick’s actually rejects the “asset and liability view” because the resulting income measurement includes one-time windfalls’ (Jameson, 2005). Such windfalls could distort the interpretation of results, and such lead to misinformed decisions, thereby not serving as useful information for decision-making, the very purpose of financial reporting.

Furthermore many academics avow that, ‘they support the use of accounting hurry by standard setters and practitioners, provided that the theories they choose are considered in their entirety, and do not have their elements cherry-picked opportunistically to suit the standard setters’ immediate objectives (Michael Bromidic, 2010)’. Here a question is posed, regarding if the B/S view was adopted off the strength of misconstrued economic theory? This provokes us to ponder if the B/S view would have still been adopted; if there was greater clarity and understanding over the works of Hicks.

Away from the debate regarding the B/S views academic conceptions, is a impel compelling argument over why conceptual-framework producers have made the correct decision over conceptual-primacy and it is succinctly present by Oscar Gelling, who wrote: have not been able to define income without using a term like asset, resources, source of benefits, and so on. In short, meaning can be given to assets without first defining income, but the reverse is not true. That is what mean by conceptual primacy of assets. No one has ever been successful in giving meaning to income without first giving meaning to assets (Gelling, 1992).

Therefore if conceptual-primacy concepts are used to define other concepts, hen the founding concept should not need another concept for adequate explanation. Accordingly the P&L view cannot possess conceptual-primacy for how do you define income without the inclusion of assets? For the proponents of the view, this question is likely to be the hardest to answer. Moreover, The advantage of the B/S view is that it includes all changes in assets and liabilities in one statement and produces one “bottom line” for explaining the change in net assets/equity arising from non-owner transactions.

It does not require any judgment as to determining which renovations and events that affect financial position are excluded from the financial performance of the reporting public entity. These items, as at the financial reporting date, represent increases or decreases in the net resources of the entity and are, therefore, part of surplus/deficit’ (Béchamel, 2009). It is important to note that many of the most vocal proponents of the view are preparers of accounts.

This begs the question, why would these preparers oppose the B/S view, which does not require any judgment as to determining which transactions and events can be excluded from the performance of the company. For this would limit the discretion available to the preparers in composing the accounts, and such would limit their scope to manipulate the presentation of the company’s performance. Perhaps here we see further the appeal of the B/S view as it effectively narrows the scope for manipulation from account preparers; therefore opposition from preparers would naturally be expected.

In this approach, assets are the primary starting point for determining all of the other elements. Liabilities are defined with reference to being claims on existing or future assets. This approach then uses the definitions of assets ND liabilities to determine revenue and expenses (Béchamel, 2009). However this is contested by Ron Paterson of Ernst & Young ALP who said, “Assets and liabilities do not form a natural starting point for devising recognition rules; the balance sheet is the result of the accounting process, not the starting point” (Leistering, 2005).

This view suggests that conceptual- primacy should not be given to the B/S view because it is the by-product of the activities that leads to the making of the balance sheet. ‘Under this approach, the balance sheet becomes residual to the income statement, and notation assets, liabilities, and other accruals/deferrals needed to maintain a “balance sheet” (Commission, 2002). Ron Paterson is not the only Ernst & Young employee to voice his opinion as Professor Robert Matt of then Ernst & Ernst, saw the B/S view as an attempt to bring about a fundamental change in accounting from the (as he saw it) dominant P view.

This ‘balance sheet’ view would lead ultimately to current value accounting, something he vehemently opposed. Although this concern was later proven to be ill founded as conceptual-framework producers have made clear that they have no intention of moving towards current value accounting (Gore, 1992). It seems that the great appeal of the IBIS view can be perceived to be its simplicity. We determine income and expenses simply through the changes to our assets during a particular period.

What comes in and out during this period will comprise the basis of our financial reporting; such simplicity really is required particularly in the current environment shaped in the backdrop of the financial crisis. It can be argued that complex assets and transactions permitted the scope for irresponsible actions to take place during the crisis. Moreover, one need only reflect to the days of Enron where large-scale frauds and irresponsible actions went undetected due to the complexity of the accounting.

However over simplicity may lead to troubles of its own, as ‘proponents of the P&L view believe that limiting surplus/deficit to changes in assets and liabilities often mismatches revenue and expense and can lead to distortion of the measure of surplus/deficit. They note that it is imperative to exclude those gains and losses caused by random events, such as floods or fires, and those gains and losses resulting from rearrangements of financial instruments cause unnecessary fluctuations in reported surplus/deficit.

This issue overshadows the effect of including deferrals in the statement of financial position’ (Béchamel, 2009). The B/S view may not capture everything when reporting on the performance of an entity, nor at times may it adequately match income to expenses, in the correct accounting period. Partly because it avoids having strange items on the Balance Sheet, I. E. Items that may be debits or credits but do not seem to have the economic characteristics of an asset or a liability, such as deferred tax assets/liabilities.

However this simplicity provides clarity and transparency to the true performance of the entity. Thus it makes accounts far more understandable and thus more useful to the eventual users of the accounts. To conclude, the P view is supported because accruals/matching is central to their view of accounting and results in smooth earnings numbers that, they argue, allow a better representation of economic reality. However the drawback of this is that it affords preparers of accounts, greater discretion over what to include and exclude in their reporting and such widens the possible scope for abuse.

Whereas the IBIS view is simple and straightforward and reduces the scope available for discretion by account preparers. It is with this insight we assuredly conclude that the conceptual-framework producers like the FAST and SAAB, have made the correct choice in their treatment of conceptual-primacy, and it is right to bestow primacy to the Balance Sheet (8/ S) (Asset and Liability view).