Critical Thinking essay

“Critical Thinking” in your textbook has a detailed explanation of the critical thinking model and how to apply it. This entire assignment is the application of the critical thinking steps in chapter 4. There are a total of 7 questions that you will need to complete. Item # 8 has to do with writing/composition. The total length of this assignment is a minimum of 2000 words. This is not an essay/term paper.

Each of your answers should respond to the properly numbered question. You may use your book and online resources including the SSP library. Working with another student (presently or previously enrolled) is considered a violation of the SSP academic honesty policy. After each of the 7 questions (items taken from the critical thinking model in chapter 4) you will find a rubric which will guide to you earn the best possible score for each answer. 1 Identification (1 0 points possible) Identify the central ethical issue present in the case. What is the main ethical problem the decision-maker must resolve?

Furthermore, you must identify as many OTHER ethical issues, questions, or problems as you can find in the scenario. Distinguish the central issue from the others you identified. Use details and examples to communicate and explain your response. Be sure to focus on and apply the critical thinking model to the central issue throughout the rest of this paper. Rubric: The following is a rubric. A rubric tells you how you will be graded for this assignment. For example, in this section you can earn 8-10 points for identifying ethical ideas or issues with numerous purporting details and examples which are organized logically and coherently. 0-8 points 7-5 points 4-3 points 2-1 point(s) O points Identifies and distinguishes the central and secondary ethical ideas or issues with numerous supporting details and examples which are organized and communicated logically and coherently Identifies and distinguishes the central and secondary ethical ideas or issues with some supporting details and examples communicated in an organized manner Identifies and didst anguishes the central ethical issue and some secondary issues with few details or examples; communicated in a somewhat organized manner Identifies and distinguishes the central ethical issue poorly.

Communicated with almost no details, with little organization and lacking recognition of secondary issues. Does not identify the central ethical issue and/or includes no other ethical Issues. 1. Research (10 points possible) Gather information relevant to the central ethical issue. Use a minimum of three outside sources to gain a better understanding of the issue and potential solutions/options. Explain relevance of information found. (Use either ML or PAPA style for your citations. You can also check with a college librarian for help with research and citations. Insightfully relates concepts and ideas from multiple sources; uses new information to better define issue and identify options; recognizes missing information; correctly identifies potential effects of new information Accurately relates concepts and ideas from multiple sources; uses new information to better define issue and identify options; correctly identifies potential effects of new information Inaccurately or incompletely relates concepts and ideas from multiple sources; shallow determination of effect of ewe information; or limited sources Poorly integrates information from more than one source to support final solution; Incorrectly predicts the effect of new information Does not identify new information 2. Analysis (1 5 points) Compare and contrast available solution/ options relevant to the central ethical issue. Using logical (inductive or deductive) moral reasoning, clearly explain the ethical implications the potential solutions/options may have on the stakeholders. 5-12 points 11-8 points 7-4 points 3-1 point(s) Uses specific inductive or deductive moral reasoning to make inferences grading premises; addresses implications and consequences for the stakeholders; identifies facts and morally relevant information correctly Uses logical reasoning to make inferences regarding options; addresses implications and consequences for the stakeholders; Identifies facts and morally relevant information correctly Uses superficial reasoning to make inferences regarding options; major stakeholder (s) missing; Shows some confusion regarding facts, opinions, and morally relevant, evidence, data, or information Makes unexplained, unsupported, or unreasonable inferences grading options; irrelevant stakeholders identified; makes multiple errors in distinguishing fact from fiction or in selecting morally relevant evidence. Does not analyze multiple solutions/options. Major stakeholders not identified. 3. Application (30 points) Apply two ethical theories to reach a resolution of the central ethical issue. What would the central principles of each theory imply is the morally right or best course of action or option? A. Apply one (1) consequential theory (Act or Rule Utilitarianism) pets. B. Apply one (1) non-consequential theory Demonology (KANT), Communitarian’s, Natural Rights, Natural Law or Virtue Ethics) 15 pets.

For each (A and B) you are to resolve the central ethical issue using the central principles of the theory. A brief summary of the theory should be included and you are encouraged to use the “Steps in Applying’ the theories presented in Chapters 5 and 6. Points Central principles of the theories are logically and systematically explained and applied to the central ethical issue to reach a resolution of the main problem. Central principles of the theories are explained and applied, but ay not be logically consistent or applied to specifics of case. Applications of the central principles of the theories and the summary may be shallow, cursory, or too general.

Applications of the central principles of the theories and the theory summaries are either missing or are not connected to the central issue and options in the case. Does not apply central principles to reach a resolution of main issue. Summary of theory missing. 4. Decision-Making (1 0 points) Choose the wisest, most ethical option and justify your decision. This is NOT an opinion. Using your research and analysis of the options and stakeholders ND your applications of the ethical theories, laws, and rules, select and defend the morally right (or most ethical) resolution to the central ethical issue. Using facts and relevant evidence from your research and analysis, thoroughly explain why this is the best solution.

Thoroughly identifies and addresses key aspects of the issue and insightfully uses facts and relevant evidence from analysis to support and defend potentially valid solution Identifies and addresses key aspects of the issue and uses facts and relevant evidence from analysis to develop potentially valid inclusion or solution Identifies and addresses some aspects of the issue; develops possible conclusion or solution using some inappropriate opinions and irrelevant information from analysis Identifies and addresses only one aspect of the issue but develops untellable hypothesis; or develops invalid conclusions or solutions based on opinion or irrelevant information. Does not select and defend a solution 5. Evaluation (10 points) Identify and provide a minimum of three counter arguments against the option that you selected as being morally right (or ethically best). What are he possible arguments against the resolution/option you chose? How would you defend against those arguments?

Insightfully interprets data or information; identifies obvious as well as hidden assumptions, establishes credibility of sources on points other than authority alone, avoids fallacies in reasoning; distinguishes appropriate arguments from extraneous elements; provides sufficient logical support Accurately interprets data or information; identifies obvious assumptions, establishes credibility of sources on points other than authority alone, avoids fallacies in reasoning; distinguishes appropriate arguments from extraneous elements; provides sufficient logical support Makes some errors in data or information interpretation; makes argue meets using weak evidence; provides superficial support for conclusions or solutions Interprets data or information incorrectly; Supports conclusions or solutions without evidence or logic; uses data, information, or evidence skewed by invalid assumptions; uses poor sources of information; uses fallacious arguments Does not evaluate data, information, or evidence related to best option. 6. Reflection (5 points) Reflect on your own thought process. What did you learn from this process? What could you do differently next time to improve the problem-solving process? 5 points 4 points 3-2 points 1 point Identifies strengths and weaknesses in own thinking: recognizes personal assumptions, values and perspectives, compares to others’, and evaluates them in the context of alternate points of view Identifies strengths and weaknesses in own thinking: recon sizes personal assumptions, values and perspectives, compares to others’, with some comparison of alternate points of view.

Practical MCQs essay

Projects backed by good ideas, vigor, and enthusiasm are less likely to be stopped by a shortage of cash than a heritage of human capital, which is the knowledge, education, training, skills and expertise of a firm’s workers. 4) In most organizations, human resource managers are categorized as who assist and advise compensation. A) staff managers; line managers in areas like recruiting, hiring, and B) line managers; middle managers C) line managers; staff managers D) functional managers; staff managers Answer: A Explanation: A) Human resource managers are usually staff managers. They assist and advise line managers in areas like recruiting hiring, and compensation. However, line managers still have human resource duties. Which of the following refers to the authority exerted by an HER manager as coordinator of personnel activities? A) staff authority B) line authority C) functional authority D) corporate authority Explanation: C) Functional authority refers to the authority exerted by an HER manager as coordinator of personnel activities. An HER manager ensures that line managers are implementing the firm’s HER policies and practices. Line authority is a managers right to issue orders to other managers or employees, which creates a superior-subordinate relationship. Staff authority refers to a manager’s right to advise other managers or employees, which rates an advisory relationship. ) functions involve assisting and advising line managers, and they are the central aspect of a human resource manager’s job. A) Staff B) Advocacy C) Line D) Coordinative Explanation: A) Staff functions involve assisting and advising line managers, and they are the heart of the human resource manager’s job. He or she advises the CEO so the CEO can better understand the personnel aspects of the company’s strategic options. HER also assists in hiring, training, evaluating, rewarding, counseling promoting, and firing employees. Line and coordinative functions are the other two primary duties of an HER manager. ) Which of the following human resource management specialties calls for collecting data to write job descriptions?

A) job analyst B) job training specialist C) compensation manager D) EYE coordinator Explanation: A) As a job analyst, a human resource manager collects and examines information about jobs to prepare job descriptions. HER managers also act as recruiters, EYE coordinators, compensation managers, training specialists, and labor relations specialists. 8) What term refers to the knowledge, skills, and abilities of a firm’s workers? A) human resources B) human capital C) intangible assets D) contingent personnel Explanation: B) Human capital is the knowledge, skills, and abilities of a firm’s workers. In the modern workforce, employment is shifting from manual workers to knowledge workers. 9) defines the nature of the company’s business in terms of the markets in which it will compete and the ways it will differentiate itself from its competitors.

A) Financial auditing B) Strategic planning C) Employee benchmarking D) Employee testing Explanation: B) Strategic planning defines the nature of the company’s business in terms of the markets in which it will compete and the ways it will differentiate itself from its competitors. It lays out the broad guidelines within which the company’s managers make decisions. 10) Strategic management is best defined as the process of identifying and executing the organization ‘s strategic plan by matching the company’s capabilities with its A) environmental demands B) competitive standards C) natural resources D) hierarchical JACOBS Explanation: A) Strategic management is the process of identifying and executing the organization ‘s strategic plan, by matching the company’s capabilities with the demands of Its environment.

Industry standards, resources, and corporate hierarchies are less relevant. 1) Which of the following is a simple guide used to compile relevant information about economic, competitive, and political trends that may affect a firm? A) workforce ARQ remnant matrix B) environmental scan worksheet C) external resource system table D) potential globalization network Explanation: B) Environmental scan worksheets are often used by managers when external and internal audits need to be performed as part of the strategic management process. An environmental scanning worksheet provides a simple format for compiling information about political, economic, and competitive trends that may affect a company. ) The primary tool used by managers who are performing external and internal audits as part of the strategic management process is the A) BCC matrix B) SUM matrix C) SOOT chart D) PEPS/BIT table Explanation: C) The SOOT chart is a tool frequently used by managers who are responsible for performing external and internal audits. During the strategic management process, a SOOT chart is used to compile and organize a firm’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. 13) Which of the following provides a summary of a firm’s intended direction and shows, in broad terms, “what we want to become”? A) mission statement B) strategic plan C) vision statement D) marketing plan Explanation: C) A firm’s vision statement is a general statement about the intended direction of the firm and what the business should look like in the future. In contrast, a mission statement answers the question, “What business are we in? Managers use mission statements to address vertical integration, geographic coverage, product scope, and competitive advantage. 14) The sales director at WebMD is calculating annual sales revenue targets and the number of new medical-related content providers that the firm needs o maintain a competitive advantage. In which step of the strategic management process is the sales director involved? A) performing external and internal audits B) defining the business and its mission C) translating a mission into strategic goals D) evaluating strategic decisions Explanation: C) The sales director is in the process of translating the firm’s mission, which is to maintain a competitive advantage, into strategic goals, which in this case involve sales revenue targets.

This step is the sixth one in the strategic process, and It occurs after the manager makes a strategic choice. 5) Harley-Davidson sells a line of boots, helmets, and leather jackets indicating that the firm is pursuing which of the following strategies? A) conglomerate diversification B) geographic expansion C) related diversification D) horizontal integration Explanation: C) Related diversification means diversifying so that a firm’s lines of business still possess some kind of fit. Harley-Davidson sells apparel worn to ride the motorcycles the firm manufactures, so the firm is involved in related diversification. 16) When Apple opened its own Apple stores, this was an example of A) market penetration B) product development

C) vertical integration Explanation: C) Vertical integration is a Strategy that involves expansion through producing raw material or selling product directly. 17) The 2008 announcement by Struck that it would be closing approximately 600 of its stores suggests the firm was using a strategy A) consolidation B) diversification C) geographic expansion D) vertical integration Explanation: A) Struck is trying to reduce its size by eliminating some of its stores, so the firm is using a strategy of consolidation. Diversification and geographic expansion would involve expanding Struck with new products r opening stores in new locations rather than closing stores. 18) A company’s strategy identifies how to build and strengthen the business’s long-term competitive position in the marketplace.

A) functional B) corporate-level C) horizontal D) competitive Explanation: D) A business-level or competitive strategy identifies how to build and strengthen the business’s long-term competitive position in the marketplace. For example, the competitive strategy identifies how Pizza Hut will compete with Papa John’s or how Walter will compete with Target. 19) Companies like Ferreira are known as because they carve out a racket niche and compete by providing a product that customers can attain in no other way. A) cost leaders B) focuser C) visionaries D) market leaders Explanation: B) Focuser is a term used to describe firms that carve out market niches and compete by providing unique products or services.

Ferreira provides customers with a unique automobile that is not readily available anywhere else. 20) Formulating and executing human resource policies and practices that produce the employee competencies and behaviors a company needs to achieve its strategic aims is known as A) strategic human resource management B) human resource performance systems C) high-performance personnel management D) personnel management by objectives Explanation: A) Strategic human resource management is the term for formulating and executing human resource policies and practices that produce the employee competencies and behaviors the company needs to achieve its strategic aims.

The idea behind strategic human resource management is to produce the employee Jacobs and behaviors that a company needs to achieve its strategic aims. 21) Human resource strategies are the strategic goals. A) visions and objectives B) policies and practices C) missions and goals D) theories and tools seed to support a firm’s Explanation: B) Human resource strategies are the policies and practices developed to support the employee competencies and behaviors that a firm needs to accomplish its strategic aims. For example, if a business strives to develop a reputation for being coordinateness, then its HER policies and practices would include training employees about how to show care and compassion towards customers. 22) What is the primary reason that mergers and acquisitions fail?

A) technology B) financing C) personnel D) stock prices Explanation: C) The most cited reason for failed mergers and acquisitions is response problems rather than financial or technical issues. Failure to prepare and train employees of both companies for a merger or acquisition may lead to employee resistance, and declining morale and productivity. 23) Which term refers to the integrated process of planning, recruiting, developing, managing, and compensating employees? A) job analysis B) HER alignment C) strategic planning D) talent management Explanation: D) Talent management is the goal-oriented and integrated process of planning recruiting, developing, managing, and compensating employees.

Talent management means getting the right people (in terms of impenitence) in the right jobs, at the right time, doing their jobs correctly. 24) The information resulting from a job analysis is used for writing A) job descriptions B) Corporate objectives C) personnel question marries D) training requirements Explanation: A) A job description is a list of what a job entails, and it is derived from a job analysis. Job analysis is the procedure through which you determine the duties of job positions and the characteristics of the people that should be hired for the positions.

Dream Of Mice and Men Essay essay

It is not so much the fact that so many characters have dreams in the novel of Of Mice and Men that makes them an important theme, but that so many fail to achieve their dreams. Steinbeck regards humans as small and fragile things, and the fact that characters dream of something better, which in fact they will never achieve, (the title ‘Of Mice and Men’ refers to a Scottish poem in which all carefully planned dreams bring woe rather than joy) that gives the novel much of its emotional power.

There are various types of dreams in the novel. Many of the characters have their own dream, most tabby George and Leonie who dream of, how, ‘Someday – we’re goanna get the jack together and we’re goanna have a little house and a couple of acres. ‘ Money – or lack of it, is a key barrier, but tantalizingly their dream briefly reaches out to Candy, the injured ranch hand, who has some money put by. Curlers wife, too, has dreams – of being a movie Star, remembers a man, who ‘says he was goanna put me in the movies. The ranch hands dream of being romantic cowboys, and perhaps Curler even dreams of being a champion boxer, which could be seen from his obsession with the sport; ‘One-two,” he says, “jus’ the 01′ one two and he’ll go down. ‘” Most characters in the novel are unhappy with their real lives, and to make them bearable have their dreams. These dreams are an escape from real life, but also enable the characters to go on. The other dream in the novel is the ‘American dream’.

America was founded by people fleeing persecution for their beliefs, or fleeing poverty. The ‘American Dram’ was to live free in the countryside or on the frontier, self-sufficient, and owing no one anything. This is what George and Leonie want. Their dream symbolisms the wider American ideal of escape and exploration, to have a bit of land of their own. Their lives are dominated such as the Boss of the ranch. George and Leonie want to be free of the power of such people and, crucially, to be their own boss, as they “live off the fatty’ the land. However, George and Leonie are unable to achieve their dream at least in part because Leonie is a damaged person who cannot control his own strength. He thinks the mice he kills die because “because they was so little” and cannot admit it is because he squeezed them too hard. Here, a lack of vision and understanding undercuts the possibility for escape from the hard life he leads as a ranch hand. This same lack of understanding leads to the clumsy killing of Curlers wife, and the tragic consequences that follow.

Yet Steinbeck also makes clear his view that in life few if any people achieve their dream, ‘Nobody never gets to heaven, and nobody gets no land. It’s just in their head. ‘ Steinbeck is not sentimental about this. He gives no evidence to suggest that the animals he owned with George would live any longer than the others he has petted. The gigantic rabbit in Lien’s fantasy vision at the end of the novel says to him, ‘You anti fit to lick the boots Of no rabbit.

You’d forget ‘erne and let ‘me go hungry. ‘ Dreams are therefore a very important part of the novel, and one of its major themes. Through failure to achieve dreams, and the unhappiness that makes the characters need them in the first place, Steinbeck presents a bleak, realistic and perhaps hopeless view of the world. It could be argued that in allowing themselves to dream, Leonie and George set in motion the very events that destroy that possibility.

Utilitarianism essay

Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that assesses an action as morally right and just if it produces the most amount of net happiness. There are two forms of utilitarianism: act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism is the standard form, which considers all paths of the action that lead to immediate and long-term happiness, as well has the magnitude and how long the happiness will last. Furthermore, if all paths lead to the same amount of net happiness, each path would be just as morally right as the other.

It also does not take into account the number of people it affects – it only considers the mount of happiness. To English philosopher Jeremy Beneath, the founder Of utilitarianism, happiness is pleasure and the absence Of pain. He believed that all types of pleasure, if the in same amount, were also equal in quality. However, it is difficult to calculate an amount of happiness. Is the amount of happiness one receives from getting a promotion at McDonald’s the same as happiness one gets from graduating law school?

So, John Stuart Mill, fellow philosopher and follower of Bantam’s utilitarian theory, believed that different pleasures have different values. To Mill, physical pleasures are allude less than pleasure that invigorate the mind. Thus, in the McDonald’s promotion and law school degree scenarios, Beneath would argue that they would each render the same amount of happiness, whereas Mill would argue that receiving a degree from law school would render more happiness because it would bring out more possibilities for a career and ultimately increase one’s well-being.

In addition to bringing out the most happiness, the utilitarian theory also recognizes that all the possibilities of an action may not bring any net happiness. In these instances, the theory guides one to choose he action that would produce the least amount of unhappiness. There are two major criticisms utilitarian’s face. One is that no one can possibly know all immediate and future ramifications of an action and even if it were possible, it would take too much time in real-life scenarios to practice.

A utilitarian would agree that no one can possibly know all consequences of a given situation while defending that the theory is used a guide to maximize happiness. A utilitarian would also note that since people generally know what happiness and one’s well-being consist of, it helps eliminate obvious wrong choices to save time. The second major criticism is that the action itself, though yielding the most happiness, may not be morally right. In these instances, a utilitarian would argue that this flexibility is realistic and can be applied a real-life situation that are not always black and white.

In real-life there are often grey areas where one may need to make difficult or seemingly immoral decision, but the end result of the action may bring about the most happiness than an action that was moral. The second form of utilitarianism, rule utilitarianism, is similar to the standard form except that it adapts a set of deadlines, an “optimal moral code” to determine right or wrong. It is also emphasized in rule utilitarianism that if an action produces the most amount of happiness, yet defies the optimal moral code, it is wrong.

Challenger Disaster In January 1 986, space shuttle Challenger exploded because the O-rings failed to seal in the booster rocket joints due to low temperatures the day of the launch. Morton Tuition, Inc. Was the manufacturer of the booster rockets and one of Thicket’s engineers, Roger Boyishly, found that low temperatures detrimentally affected the seals of the booster rockets. He informed his periods of his findings, but they were deemed as insignificant. The night before the flight, Boyishly and his colleagues advised against the launch due to the low temperatures, but their employers ignored the advice and moved forward with the liftoff.

All seven astronauts onboard died in the explosion. In accordance with the utilitarian theory, Boyishly did act morally right. He informed his superiors and NASA of his research findings to avoid failure and reduce the amount of unhappiness ? the death Of the astronauts. Tuition and NASA, however, did not act morally right. Though the postponing of the munch was not favorable, it would to allow more time to redesign the seals and most likely avoid the catastrophe. They also could have postponed the launch to a day with optimum temperatures for the seals.

Consenting to Sexual Harassment In Vinson v. Taylor, Michelle Vinson claims that her supervisor Sidney Taylor sexually harassed her. She testified that after a year of working at the bank Taylor made advances on her saying that she “owed” him for getting her the job. She turned him down initially, but eventually became sexually involved with him for her last three years she was employed at the bank. She claims hat Taylor raped her and if she did not submit, she would be terminated.

Taylor denied the accusations saying that he has never had any sexual relations with Vinson and that Vinson made advances on him. And in retribution for denying her, she filed charges against him. The courts ruled that the relationship between Vinson and Taylor was voluntary and that the employer was not liable, especially since Vinson to not notify the company. Vinson appealed the case and the Supreme Court then ruled that the advances on Vinson were unwelcome though voluntary. They did not disclose whether or not the employer was liable for sexual harassment.

The rule utilitarian theory applies here in that Courts followed a set of rules to produce an outcome. It’s also a case of what action renders the least amount of unhappiness. Through Venison’s appeal the court stated that regardless of her willingness to have sexual intercourse with her superior, it was unwelcome. Its difficult to say what the outcome is since the Court did not state whether or not the employer was liable. Parable of Shads In the parable of shads, Bowen McCoy makes a 60-day trek with his friend Stephen, a few porters and Sharper in the Himalayan Mountains.

They reach point of the trip where they must make it over an 18,000 foot pass over a crest to reach Machinate, an ancient holy village for pilgrims. The take a nights rest before they make the pass and there are a few groups the are within range; a group of New Slanderer, two Swiss couples and a Japanese hiking club. The next day, the New Slanderer depart for the pass first. Stephen, who is beginning to suffer from altitude sickness, and Bowen begin their journey to the pass when they see one of the New Slanderer carrying an almost naked, barefooted shads across his shoulders.

The New Zealand eaves him with them exclaiming that he has done what he can and that they should care for him because they have porters and Sharpe guides and that he and his group are moving forward with their trek. Bowen checks his pulse to find that the pilgrim is alive. They wonder why he has hardly any clothes on and why he did not choose the safer route. Stephen and the Swiss couples begin to take off some of their clothing to warm up the shads. Bowen does not hesitate to move forward as he wants to make it over the pass and the journey becomes more dangerous as time passes; the ice steps would melt and would make the path slippery.

Bowen continues, leaving Stephen, the Swiss, and the Japanese behind. The Swiss catch up to Bowen finds out from them that the shads was doing fine and that Stephen is approaching. Stephen is upset with Bowen and asks how he feels about contributing to the sad’s death. Stephen tells Bowen that he stayed with the shads until the Japanese arrived. He asked the Japanese to borrow their horse to take the shads down to the hut, but they refuse and give him food and drink before continuing on.

Stephen then asked the lead Sharpe, Pagans, to get a group Of porters to carry the shads down, but he also refuses because he believed it loud exert the porters’ energy and that they would not able to do it before the ice melted into a slippery slope. Pagans encouraged Stephen to continue with the time-sensitive hike and the Sharper carried the shads down to a rock in the sun and pointed out to the hut that was 500 feet away. The last time the Sharper saw the shads, he was throwing rocks at the Japanese’s dog, which had scared him.

Though it may seem morally wrong to leave the shads and carry on with the journey, Bowman acted correctly according to the utilitarian theory. If he had helped the shads get across the pass to Machinate, where he seemingly came room, Bowman may not have had the energy to do so and risk both of their lives, which would be the most amount of unhappiness. If he backtracked and took the shads to a hut for warmth and safety, he would have jeopardized his trip and defeated the purpose of this journey and moreover, the pilgrim may not have wanted to be “saved” for he was nearly naked and did not chose the safer route.

One Nation Under Wall-Mart Wall-Mart is the largest company in retail with nearly 5,000 stores and 140 million shoppers. It continues to grow as they open more and more stores that sell household items at bargain prices. As they expand, they are able to offer lower prices because they can buy in very large bulk quantities and demand better prices from their vendors. Though it seems that everyone would be in favor of this large bargain retailer, who sells consumer necessities at extreme low prices, there are many critics of Wall-Mart’s operation.

They stomp out small, local “mom and pop” shop business and compete with supermarkets, eliminating jobs and disrupting communities. They are also an anti-union establishment, pay low wages and most of their employees do not receive health insurance. Lastly, they are criticized for not carrying certain products like racy magazines such as Glamour or Cosmopolitan. Thus, locals often refuse and dispute the expansion of Walter in their town. According to the utilitarian theory, Wall-mart is not behaving morally wrong. They are abiding by the laws.

Though they may pay low wages and not offer health benefits to part-time employees, they are able to employ 1. 4 million people. Their business also allows consumers to purchase necessities at some of the lowest prices available. Furthermore, the decision to not carry certain products like racy magazine or music with explicit lyrics would outweigh the fact that they carry thousands of household activities at a bargain. Face Transplant: “Highly Risky Experimentation” Isabella Denier was victim of a terrible incident that left her face, extremely disfigured.

Her lips chin, nose were clawed and bitten off by her dog. The events that led up the incident are uncertain. She said that she took meds to help her sleep and that while walking down her hallway on the sleeping medication she stumbled over her aggressive dog that she had just adopted. Her daughter said that Isabella tried to kill herself and the dog was tying to wake her up after she fell to the ground and lost consciousness. While in the capital the chairman of the department of Monomaniacal Surgery at Amines University Hospital, Dry.

Bernard Debauchedly thought that she should would be a good candidate for an experimental face transplant that was considered time sensitive because the longer they would of waited the more scar tissue she would have had, which would of made the surgery more dangerous. With consent from Isabella they partial transplant was done but a wave of criticism came once the news was released. Many in the industry felt that the surgery was too dangerous and other option should have been considered. They thought that Dry.

Debauchedly insisted on doing the surgery not because he wanted to do what was best for the client but so that he would get publicity for it. They also believed that he chose the wrong sort of client for such an operation. Since Isabella had tried to commit suicide she wouldn’t be a good candidate because she might not be able to deal with the cameras and news attention, that it might be more than she can bare and wasn’t mentally strong enough to handle it. According to utilitarianism, an action is right if it brings about as much net happiness as any other action the agent could have performed. Believe that Dry.

Bernard Debauchedly did take into account other possibilities before they made their decision to do the partial facial implant. It was a time-sensitive decision his patient needed to make and according to him, she eagerly wanted him to help her so that she could be as normal as possible again. Critics of the transplant dispute that was he did was morally wrong, but ultimately it was Sociable’s decision. Have learned that all real-life decisions are not just black and white. Some are easy and some difficult and even harder. We all have general innate moral code of conduct and the rule utilitarian theory is one that relate with the most.

Decision making essay

Everybody imply decision making process in their daily life, even its for tiny or crucial things, our brain immediately making some calculations to choose best one for us. Let can be even buying a gum, we are comparing prices, tastes and amount of gums inside in box. However, we are not take decisions suddenly if impact our life or projects. Len this paper, I evaluated one of my decision taking process about my educational life, which will be play essential role in my future.

The firstly, before I decided to making master, my current feelings and experience of my relatives had important role on that. L was feeling only SEIZE parchment wasn’t enough to have a good curriculum vitae and my cousin was talking about how his sunny program helped to him find a job in an international corporate, so it started with carrying some intuition decision making characteristics like combination of experienced based decision and affect-initiated decision.

So, the problem was at the beginning, boosting my curriculum vitae with a rational way and I decided to solve it with making master degree program. The secondly,after identified my problem, I started to identifying decision criteria-elf wanted to take master degree from prestigious university, I had to pass some exams to related to which university I want to go. For example, in Turkey generally universities demand to ALES, HYDE and over 3. 5 GAP. On the other hand, American Universities demand GMTA or Toefl with good GAP ratio and U.

K Universities demand LILTS and good GAP ratio. L gave points to related with which are more necessary for my preferences-I prefer to European universities, because there are more scholarship options or there are more universities which has low tuition fee. Therefore gave 10 necessity points both TOEFL and 3. 5 GAP, other exam have less than 5 points, because they are no so necessary to get admission from European Universities. Len addition, had mistake when put target to achieve 3. GAP, because I only check a few universities demand for gap ratio and it created anchoring point in my mind. The thirdly, implied developing alternatives process. L checked most registries first hundred universities European the first look, Lund University success to get my attention, but I expeditiously eliminated that university, because even they only give government scholarship to 1 0 Turkish students, maybe I displayed unconfined, but it looks so low chance to get that scholarship-The second, alternative was Vienna University.

Their tuition fee so low and they don’t demand any exams these exams except Bal level German language, but Austrian people are kind of German folks, so they are so disciplined people and think they don’t like Turkish people so much. Don’t want to show representatives bias, but I meet some people and they were suitable with that representatives. The third alternative was Charles University. According to the websites, Charles University is listed in first hundred universities around the world. Checked the demands of universities and it was matching with my identified decision criteria. Moreover, checked the average spent amounts for students and it was acceptable. Furthermore, Czech Republic located almost mid of the Europe, so it will be easy to travel round the Europe region-Normally, the next stage is implementing decision, started to study TOEFL exam already and my courses to achieve 3. 5 GAP. Moreover I want to make Erasmus to evaluate cities and education level of countries myself, before applied to master degree for Charles University.

To sum up, I identified the problem at the beginning and started to thinking to choose best solution for that. During that period, I followed my emotions and observed experiences of my relatives and decided which path will hose under these manifestations that, identified criteria to reach my goals, I tried to keep them rational as possible-Furthermore, defined to alternatives which are suitable for me and which are not, so I kept which alternatives coherent with my preferences and eliminated which are not.

Finally, after decided, what really want, started to study to achieve identified decision criteria. L didn’t complete last stage of decision making process yet. I will evaluate decision effectiveness after I started my job career. L hope, I will reach my expected outcomes, the time will show it.

Macbeth Newspaper Article Project essay

It will professionally address some of the rumors surrounding the murder by using a phrase such as: “A confidential source believes that… ” A somewhat serious article that uses comic relief, similar to the style used in the Sports section of The Philadelphia Daily News. If you choose this style, your article will detail almost all of the facts of the murder that were known to the general public. However, you must provide a break from the sad story by using humor or by using language more appropriate to that of two friends paving a conversation.

An example which you may NOT use would be: “Just when you thought things couldn’t get any worse in Scotland after last month’s twenty straight days of rain, they did. ” A tabloid report from a tabloid such as Star Magazine. If you choose this style, your article will detail almost all of the facts of the murder that were known to the general public. In addition, the article will contain a large amount of rumors and will be written in what is known as a sensationalist style of writing. An example you may NOT use would be: “Macbeth is really a pace alien!! The language of all articles must be appropriate for school. The inclusion of foul language or other inappropriate material will result in points being deducted from your grade. The assignment is worth 50 points.

Peace and Conflict Studies Nature and Scope essay

The concepts of peace have been rich in content across various religious and helicopter traditions. From the early period of human thinking, there has been a clear understanding that war is neither a natural phenomenon nor the irreversible will of Gods. A peaceful world belongs to a society where people can work and live together in harmony and friendship and the domination of one group over another is a major obstacle to peace. In Eastern religions, there is a strong emphasis on links between a spiritual life and action for social justice.

The Buddhist traditions emphasis justice, equity, non-violence, concern for the well-being of others and compassion among living beings. They also reflect a weltered state of mind, inner peace and harmony within a culture. Tranquility in the inner state of mind and harmonious interpersonal relationship contribute to universal peace. The practice of non- exploitation of nature exists in Native American and African tribal cultures. Peace with the planet represents the need for humans to live in harmony with nature rather than conquer it.

The earth constitutes a web in which humans are part, and by destroying living and non-living forms of existence on the planet humans threaten even their own survival. Many Western religious traditions have delivered the message of natural goodwill, unconditional love, wholeness and individual well-being as well as cessation Of hostilities. The passages Of the Old Testament Of the Bible State that swords shall be beaten into ploughshares and their spears into pruning hooks. In early Christian social utopia, there was a strong emphasis on a community of love.

Greek philosophers conceptualized a peaceful world in terms of a lack of civil disturbances. These philosophical traditions are also linked to unity based on the moral substance of humanity in each person and he principle of world citizenship. The vision of a world without war was embraced as the core approach to peace in the Hellenic civilization. In the Roman and Medieval periods, peace implied stable relationship among units of society that lead to the control of organized violence. In Enlightenment thinking, violence and conflict, seen as the greatest evils in history, are ascribed to a disorderly world.

Political philosophers such as John Locke in the 171 h century and Jean-Jacques Rousseau in. The technetium viewed war as unnecessary and believed that social contracts could prevent lenience. Given their focus on individual autonomy and freedom, ideas in anarchist utopias oppose government and legal institutions that impose an artificial order. According to the 19″ century Russian thinker Tolstoy and other pacifist anarchists who considered peace as a cherished human value, the state power apparatus is responsible for the organization Of both oppression and violence.

War can be abolished with the elimination of a political structure attributed to social oppression and exploitation. With their goal to realist powerful changes in improving human conditions, socialist movements in the 1 thank early technetium stipulated that peace could be obtained in a classless society. The primary causes of human misery are economic inequality and a repressive political system associated with social injustice. Peace has a firm social dimension in which equity and consideration of others’ well-being are crucial for a harmonious community life.

People from different cultural and political traditions would be united by the achievement of an equal society. 1. 3 PEACE AND VIOLENCE Though the central core of peace studies includes the study of peace as the absence of violence, there has been disagreement as to what constitutes “peace” and “violence”. The major debate has been whether to define peace simply as the absence of war often called ‘negative peace’ or whether the concept encompasses both the absence of war and the presence of social and economic justice, often called positive peace.

Those who argue that peace should be defined narrowly, hold that broadening the concept reduces its clarity. Those- who favor the broader conception, argue that the violent, life-threatening characteristics of various forms of systematic repression and underdevelopment approach or exceed that of overt warfare. The two individual researchers most often associated with the poles of this debate are Johan Gallant of Norway who is credited with inventing the term ‘Positive Peace’ in the mid-ass’s and Kenneth Building of the United States of America whose “twelve friendly quern’s” with Gallant include this one.

In practice, however, there is more consensus than this conceptual schism would seem to suggest. Few scholars would contest the argument that there is a relationship between the absence of war and the presence of other social values such as justice and freedom. According to Karl Deutsche, a security community is one in which there are “dependable expectations of peaceful change” for the foreseeable future. 1. 4 FORMS OF VIOLENCE The, concept of peace is more clearly understood in comparison with the concept of violence.

An understanding of different forms of violence present in various social relations is, therefore, necessary to understand the concepts of peace.. 1. 4. 1 Direct and Structural Violence b Direct violence is the popularly understood meaning violence and is referred to in terms of physical injuries and infliction of pain such as killing, eating and verbal abuse whether they happen in war or in inter-personal situations.

Direct violence is personal, visible and manifest, whereas violence in inter-personal relations may be employed as an instrument for robbery, revenge or honor and states use organized violence for political purposes. The capacity for violence is institutionalized in prison systems, concentration camps, military fonts militia. Nazi Germany killed millions of European Jews and other ethnic minority groups. POI Pot decimated at least a million Cambodia in the late ass’s to consolidate his rule by imposing fear.

Genocide is a major form of tired violence that is inflicted on one group by the other with very little reciprocal violence by the weaker side. Structural violence consists Of negotiating and discriminatory practices causing human misery like poverty, hunger, repression, and social alienation. Structural violence is apparent social systems maintained by exploitative means. Discrimination results in denying people gross violation of human rights and dignity prevents the optimum development of each ‘unman being.

The ‘lack of an opportunity for self- fulfillment can be based on race, religion, gender, economic status or age. If a young female’s need for education is not provided adequately because of gender differences, it constitutes inequitable life conditions. In many societies, some people are dying from a lack of protein or health care while a few enjoy a luxurious way of life. -Givens indirect and insidious nature, structural violence most often works slowly in eroding human values and shortening life spans.

As war is only one kind of faceless condition, the opposite of peace is more than the existence of manifest violence. The absence of direct violence does not necessarily mean the satisfaction of conditions for maintaining cent human life. The concept of structural violence helps us understand deep causes of coffins ingrained in classical oppressor and economic despair. Given that gross social injustice can be AMA. Entailed personal Vincent, structural violence is more easily noticed in a society that is governed by fear and repression.

When coercive mechanisms are effective, structural violence is not challenged for a long time. However. Prolonging exploitative conditions eventually produces violent resistance like liberation movements during the Bacteriological domination in Africa and Asia. Certain cultural elements like religion, ideology and art that touch upon ‘the symbolic sphere of our existence’ can be possible sources of direct and structural violence through their value justification and legislation of their instruments. In religion, there is a sharp distinction between chosen people and outsiders beyond its accepted boundaries.

Nationalism justified through state ideology or efficiency has been an instrument for promoting . War. Some categories of structural violence Such as or discrimination based on gender and race are typically colonized by cultural norms. A solicitation process maintains distortion of knowledge and images about other people. As both manifest rand latent violence have a cultural layer, r:ultra practice is not strictly separated from the two main types of violence. Minimization of cultural violence goes along with reduction in structural and direct violence. . 4. 2 Negative and Positive Peace Negative peace is focused on the absence of manifest violence such as war, which could . Be realized through negotiation or mediation rather than resorting to physical force. It recommends the use of non-violent means, total sacrament and social and economic interdependence avoid the physical violence and discourage the use of force in conflict situations. In a negative peace approach, preventing war also requires a large m a y Of international agreements and institutions that can support stable relations among nations.

The idea of improving peace has also been reflected in many international agreements and in the mechanisms of collective security included in the League of Nations and the United Nations. Negative peace policies RNA focus on a present, short or near future time- scale. Due to the fact that stability and order can be maintain?body an oppressive system, negative peace is compatible with structural violence. In such a situation, absence of physical violence can derive from deterrence strategies to punish enemies.

Lasting conditions of peace are not synonymous with the preservation of intervals between outbreaks of warfare. ” War can not be eradicated as long as militarism remains a prevalent value. The concept of positive peace, based on a broad understanding of social conditions, means the removal of structural violence beyond merely the absence of direct violence. According to Johan Gallant, positive peace would not be obtained without the development of just and equitable conditions associated with the elimination of negotiating social structures.

Equality is an essential element of peace because its absence perpetuates tensions of all types. All groups of people ought to have equitable access to the uneconomic benefits of society as well as enjoying social, cultural and political development. For marginal’s groups of people, squatty means overcoming obstacles related to institutional, cultural, attitudinal and behavioral discrimination. According to Bouts Bonus-Shall, former Secretary General of the IAN. The elimination of repression and poverty is an essential element of peace.

Equal suppositories allow people to develop their talents and skills so that they can participate in turnout aspects of development. The comprehensive notion of piece touches upon many Issues :hat influence quality of life, hugging personal growth, freedom, social equality, economy equity, solidarity, autonomy and participation. According to the SIN Document No. 84 1 996, on The United Nations and the Advancement of women 1945-IQ, ace entails, beyond violence and hostilities at the national and international levels. “the enjoyment of economic and social justice, equality and the entire range of human nights and fundamental freedoms within society”. Conditions for harmonious relations derive from randomization of all forms of exploitation. As the earth is recognized as the object of ex.! Notation, positive peace is also extended to embrace the notion of respect for nature. Negative peace thinkers argue that, in considering human nature and the power structure of the world, it is unrealistic and thus, meaningless to equate ace with social justice.

A narrow focus on the control of symptoms of violence has a more tangible effect than a broad-based struggle for improving the quality of living. During Cold War, peace researchers like Kenneth Building raised concerns that a broadened notion of peace would divert attention away from the problems of disarmament toward ‘a grand, vague study of world . -development’. Those who are mainly interested in the reduction and elimination of warfare consider justice a less essential requirement for peace. Topics in this research tradition have been control Of violent social behavior and the arms race.

Priority has been given to investigating various methods relevant to reduction of the risks of war, disarmament, prevention of accidental war, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and negotiated settlement of international conflicts. Scholars in the positive peace research tradition, most prominently Johan Gallant, assert that the structural roots of violent conflict have to be more seriously studied than particular cases of avoiding and limiting war or such narrow issues as reduction in particular weapons systems..

Knowledge for conditions to achieve peace has to explain strategies to overcome institutional form of violence. The study of positive peace identifies conditions threatening human survival which include environmental issues as well as poverty and economic disparity. Given that these problems are not likely to be solved in the world’s current economic and political structure, the analysis of shortcomings of the present system naturally leads to a search for policy and institutional changes that can serve human welfare.

In the areas of non- violence, some people are mainly concerned with logistics and tactical issues involved in unarmed struggle against enemies without much regard to hanger in t 15 structural conditions for oppression. Peace thinkers like Gene Sharp view non-violent action as merely an effective strategic instrument to achieve specific political objectives and score victories with non-lethal means. Other thinkers, such as Geoffrey Coastguard who follow the traditions of Mahatma Gandhi, emphasis non-violence as a principle capable of preventing the origin or existence of unjust social and economic system.

Non-violent social structure in turn can be acquired by establishing egalitarian social relations. Though the focus of anti-war movements during the Cold War period was to reverent the worst scenario of having a nuclear war, many peace groups working in the negative peace traditions, at the same time, shared the ideal of pacifist communities that a peaceful order requires social justice. If the study of peace is designed prolific changes and action, its ultimate goal is to create social conditions for the betterment of the life of all humanity.

Building positive peace should thus be complementary to practicing negative peace. Preventing the use of physical, manifest violence is more successful under certain social structural conditions. There is no need for the use of violence if here is justice in society. Institutions of war are based on domination, and they play an important role in maintaining the culture of violence. In that sense, peace is synonymous with the elimination of the institution Of war. 1. CONFLICT ANALYSIS AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT Conflict emerges from the pursuit of incompatible goals which can [email protected] struggle between opposing forces, especially in the absence of collaborative problem solving mechanisms. In conflict situations, resources are embossed to force the other party to change their behavior according to one’s own +sizes. Mismanaged conflict turns into violence causing mass destruction. Peace, as already mentioned, does not necessarily mean absence or suppression of conflict. Rather peace theorists accept conflict as a normal part of human life and international relations.

The goal of peace analysts is to determine how to manage and resolve conflict in ways that reduce the possibility or the level of violence without diminishing other values such as justice or freedom. Many lasting internal and international conflicts have their roots in structural injustice. Serious conflict is embedded in an inequitable social and economic yester, reflecting prolonged exploitation supported by coercion. The destruction of cultural identities, political autonomy and economic sustainability for the weak has been associated with the imposition of dominant power situations.

This was reflected in the rule of European empires in many colonies in Africa and Asia with their superior military power in the past centuries. Due to their differ-.NET power Status, parties have opposing interests in maintaining the system. Those in a disadvantaged position demand a new set of relationships when they begin to perceive the tuition as unjust and exploitative. However, until some form of serious challenges is made either violently or non-violently, chose benefiting from the status quo have little incentive for taking the issues raised by the underprivileged seriously.

While reform may be proposed to meet some of the concerns, conflict can also be suppressed by the use of physical violence, consequently reinforcing one party’s will over another. Maintenance of coercive instruments is legitimated by the state by citing or even manipulating public fear of disorder. Threats of punishment and adversarial institutions become ajar characteristics of an elite-controlled society,Suppressing the collective identities of marginal’s peoples who attempt to pursue self-esteem and autonomy.

Hegemony is maintained by unconstitutionality power relations and maintaining values which seer. ‘e the interests of elites. Restlessness in modem society arises out of various forms Of alienation derived from social control in everyday life. The absence of legitimated structures and policies, along with increasing inequalities of income and opportunity, serves as the primary source of conflict. Once basic assumptions bout the traditional concepts of law and order as the common good are questioned, the right of the government to rule and to expect obedience is itself at the root of the conflict. 5. 2 Traditional Management Strategies In the traditional management of conflict, a judicial system and the wider public administration system are mostly concerned with the preservation of the status-quo and the maintenance of existing institutions. Because those in power tend to interpret challenges to their authority in terms of enforcement of order, conflict management is largely seen in terms of social control signed to runniness the challenge to the core values of the system. Efforts are made to frame conflict behavior within the recognized sets of rules of social order.

The existence of underlying conflicts can even be effectively denied for legitimizing power inequality. Conflict management in a traditional setting helps reinforce coercive policy by conforming to dominant social norms. In politically oppressive societies, demands for autonomy are answered by coercive responses rather than negotiation Of new relationships. The legitimacy of the existing order is eventually challenged by the refusal to accommodate alienated communities here participation is denied because of social categories.

In the long run, deterrent strategies relying on threats and punishment have limited value in maintaining social control with resistance triggered by the repression of aspirations for cultural identity, security, and recognition: 1. 5. 3 Dispute Settlement and Conflict Resolution Dispute settlement approaches are based on legal mechanisms and conventional negotiation to settle disputes by finding compromise solutions. By sorting out difference within an existing system, dispute settlement contributes to the stability of society with the confirmation of legitimate roles f accepted norms, values, and institutions in everyday life.

Dispute settlement mechanisms could not be applied effectively to the resolution of value and identity conflict. It is entirely possible truelove an incompatibility without touching the actors and their relations. Compromise can be accomplished without regard to examining the conflict formation process itself. The actors continue to remain with their structure basically untouched. -,Eng suspicion and distrust between In contrast to dispute settlement that. Focuses on adversaries, conflict resolution goes through a far more complex process.

The young people in DNA essay

How are the young people in DNA affected by the crimes they commit? How does Kelly show the ways they are affected? [30 marks] DNA is a contemporary play dealing with the modern issues faced by youths. The group in the play is portrayed as alienated and cut off from society other than their immediate surroundings. Though there is no definite place or time it is clearly contemporary through the speech and references made by other characters. In the play DNA Dennis Kelly shows the different ways that young people are affected by the crimes that they commit.

The first mention of Adams death is notified to us through the short and punchy dialogue of Jan and Mark. Who are used by Kelly to reveal the key information to the audience. When the members of the group are informed about Adams death the primary shock and sheer panic of the news initially bring the group together. We are shown the groups unification through the likes of John Taste’s attempt to leadership. In Act 1 Scene 3 we witness the power of John Tate in the group when he attempts to ban the word “dead”. He says “if anyone says it I’m goanna bite their face off. The phrase “bite their face” suggests a side to John that is violent and almost suggests fear and a sense of desperation because of the fact he would “bite” someone’s face off just because they have said the word “dead”. He asks members of the group is they are “on his side” and the fact Richard and Danny agree does show a sense of unification. However this shows John Taste’s inability to cope with Adams death and his inability to cope with the situation is evidently shown later in the play when he suddenly disappears. Furthermore Kelly shows us the ways young people are affected by the crimes they commit through

Leash’s use of taboo language to provoke a reaction from Phil. Lea and Phil have a relationship that is clearly one-sided as there is a lack of response from Phil during their conversations effectively leaving Lea to speak in monologues. Lea is torn between her self- criticism and her attempt to impress Phil using a number of techniques such as talking about intellectual topics such as “bonbons” or Insulting Phil to provoke a reaction. “You’re not perfect actually Phil.. Do I disgust you? ” After insulting him to provoke a reaction she turns back to asking Phil what she thinks he thinks of her.

Phial’s lack of response could be seen as psychological bullying and shows she is under the leadership of Phil as she is not strong enough to alter the opinions and actions of anyone in the group. However, Lea reveals that her and Phil have actually known Adam a very long time and pleads with him to help Adam, and not harm him. “It’s Adam, Phil, Adam! We used to go to his birthday parties, he used to have that cheap ice cream and we used to take the pips, remember? ” This suggests that Lea feels guilt and remorse for Adam and shows even though she is part of the crime she remains a moral person.

However Kelly shows that Adams death affects young people in different ways and explores this through Richards conversation with Phil in the last scene. We find out “Brain’s on stronger and stronger medication. ” The repetition of the word “stronger” suggests Brian is seriously affected by the crime as he is getting worse as the medication gets “stronger”. The fact that he is “staring at a wall drooling” emphasizes how he is affected and shows that Brian is mentally unstable. Here Dennis Kelly shows how committing a crime can lead to things such as a mental breakdown. We are told John Tate as “found God.. ND joined the Jesus army. ” The phrase “found God” suggests that John Tate was looking for support or even perhaps forgiveness for what he has done as he cannot forgive himself due to the crime he has committed. On the other hand Kelly shows that some young people do not suffer remorse or guilt for the crimes they have committed. He shows this through the likes of Cathy, Jan and Mark. Richard tells Phil “Cathy is insane… She Cut Off a first years finger Off. ” The fact she “cut Off a first years finger off’ suggests Cathy is becoming even more ruthless and aggressive and s able to commit even more violent acts.

Furthermore we are told Jan and Mark have been committing more petty crimes. ‘]an and Mark have taken up shoplifting.. And have got really good at it”. The fact they have “taken up shoplifting” suggests the crime they had committed with Adam has only gone and influenced them to commit more. The phrase “got really good at it” suggests that this is not a one off but is a frequent crime they do. In the play DNA, Dennis Kelly shows that young people are affected by crime differently, some more than others and he explores this through these characters.

Community Environmental Issue essay

The issue I chose to write about is health and the significant impact that it has on millions across the world in our society. In relation to the environment, there are certain types of health risks that can play a major part such as: cancer, mortality, certain disabilities, and how all of these things are managed on a consistent basis. These environmental issues affect everyone, not just one particular person or type of group amongst us all.

For this reason alone, it is imperative to bring light to each individual situation and develop some rotor of change to create a basic balance throughout the world. There are many causes that make these sills_Jess prevalent such as toxins that pollute the air, the overall affect of death in our society, low birth weights, and the lack of consistent care for infants, which result in neonatal mortality.

There are several regulations in process by the government to prevent these type of issues such as avoiding the use of certain medicines, getting the proper care when necessary, and following certain procedures when it comes to death to prevent negative affects on the environment. One of the main issues in the environment with my surrounding location is cancer.

There are many forms of cancer such as: brain cancer, testicular cancer, thyroid cancer, lung cancer, and the most popular type of cancer, which is breast cancer. Breast cancer happens to be the leading type and has caused a significant amount of death within our communities throughout the world. Studies have shown that almost all of these types of cancers result from air pollutants and chemical exposures that are harmful and disrupt hormones. When breasts are exposed to hormone-like substances during hose sensitive times, it could influence susceptibility of the tissue to carcinogens or other hormonal stimuli that could increase cancer risk later on” (Kennel, 2013) There are things that we may use on a daily basis to help contribute to the pollutants as well, such as food, beverages, the use of containers, and even cosmetics. Mortality happens to be another issue that can significantly affect our environment in substantial ways.

The fact of the matter is that if there was a well-tested environment and proper health interventions then we could educe the total amount of deaths that are happening throughout many countries. This not only affects our adults but also many infants as well. There are many contributors to infant death such as low birth weights, severe birth defects, and more however, carbon monoxide, constant exposure to other chemicals, and inadequate care have also affected these numbers in extreme ways.

A few other types Of chemicals that are harmful include: sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. These chemicals have been associated with increases in neonatal mortality, and post-neonatal mortality for many infants. The very first environmental protection law introduced was the National Environmental Policy Act of 1 969 and was also known as, NEAP. This pollution prevention act is one that was established and put in place to prevent overall pollution and reduce the use of the source as much as possible.

It helps to offer economic benefits and help with waste management and clean up. There have been several other laws passed since this one that has branched off and covered every aspect of the environmental issues at hand. Some of those include: the clean air act (CA), Clean water act (CAW), the impressive environmental response, compensation, and liability act (CERCAL), the toxic substance control act (ATSC), the oil pollution prevention act (POP), and substance and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCA).

These laws have helped to control certain materials that can and have been harmful to others. It will overall prevent the use of harm in our environment and that will affect everyone. All on all, in order to change the causes of environmental issues, we have to acknowledge that there is a problem and then change the use of certain substances and chemicals to prevent any harm amongst us. Cleaner air, awareness of what we are using on a daily basis, and reduced exposure to certain things can help change the effect of our future.

The prevention of environmental pollution begins and ends with reducing or eliminating waste at the actual source, modifying the production and its processes, utilizing less toxic substances, creating new techniques, and sticking with that plan in the future.

ARP Emmett Till essay

In the first half of the story “Looking at Emmett Till” by John Edgar Weidman, learned interesting things about what it was like back then to be African American. In the story, Weidman first starts off discussing when he first saw the picture of Emmett Tills face. Jet was a once a week newspaper that was established to some as “the Black Dispatch”, was stories for the black community. This newspaper was the source of where Weidman first saw the picture of Emmett Till. A blurred, grayish something resembling an aerial anapest of a landscape cratered by bombs or ravaged but natural disaster. As soon as I realized the thing in the photo was a dead black boys face, I jerked my eyes away. But not quickly enough. ” Reading this shocked me on many levels. At first, it shocked me because of the fact that this kids face was so distorted and destroyed that at first sight someone thought it was a landscape Of craters. It also made me feel disappointed and uneasy Of the fact that people could do an act like this.

Having that much hatred toward another race to me is unbelievable. “Emmett Till’s murder was an attempt to slay an entire generation. ” This quote opened my eyes to the same fact. My eyes were open even more so to know that people were okay with showing that they wanted an entire race wiped out. This article showed me hatred and opened my eyes towards the madness that was present in the past. However this story also helped me to appreciate how times have changed and there is now respect and a new sense of safety for different races.