Week Assignment essay

Weightlessness are often individuals who don’t always look at their own behaviors or maybe they do, but focus their attention on the things they observe to be unethical within the company, firm or organization to which they are employed. They find themselves at the point of making the life changing decision: “Do expose this situation? ” When they answer that questions yes”, it starts the process of not only their lives being changed, but the lives of every person implicated in unethical issue they’ve discovered.

In the case of the very popular financial company JP Morgan, one of its former employees, Keith Edwards was one such whistler’s. The difference between Mr.. Edwards and some other weightlessness in the past, he was genuinely concerned about the state of this country’s financial situation and how the American tax-payers were affected by the unethical behavior of the company in which he served. JP Morgan was, and possibly still is one of the country’s leading mortgage companies.

They have financed home-buyers’ purchases helping them to obtain the “American Dream” of home ownership. Unfortunately for them, their desire to per say, help purchasers were obviously motivated by greed. It was reported that they defrauded the government for over 10 years when they submitted thousands of mortgages for guaranteed financing, knowing these loans were not eligible for the financing being request through the Federal Housing Administration and the Department of Veterans Affairs.

This type of unethical behavior cost this country millions of dollars and cost families, in some cases to lose their homes to foreclosures because they were approved for home loans that they ally did not qualify for. In addition to the fraudulent loan qualifying processes, they neglected to tell their shareholders of things they themselves found wrong in their internal investigating of their process. As a result of Mr.. Edwards exposing the fraud of JP Morgan, he was awarded $63. Million. In addition, JP Morgan Chase & Company agreed to pay $MM as well as doing better with oversight of their approval processes that guaranteed government financing of home loans. 2. Decide whether or not the whistler’s was justified in reporting the company’s actions. Provide a actionable for your response. Mr.. Edwards was obligated to report this fraud because of its nature, the affect it had on this country’s economy and the effect it had on the American family/taxpayers.

There are families currently trying to recover from losing their homes to foreclosures or having to short- sale their home for some sense of possibly being able to buy a home in the future. All this because they were falsely qualified for the home, on paper, but in reality could not afford the home and all the expenses that come with home ownership. Mr.. Edwards’ decision to report the fraud cost JP Morgan a to of money, however from a long-term perspective, it may have saved this country billions of dollars in future fraudulent activities.

Had he not exposed the deception going within the company, as the economy continued to spiral after 2009, the loss would have been so much greater. Not just a monetary loss either! There were individuals who loss their lives as result of the economic crisis experienced in this country. Fathers who could no longer afford to pay their mortgages did tragic things like take the lives of their wives and children and then themselves. Yes, the message was sent to JP Morgan Chase & Company by the hefty fine they were required to pay, but not hefty enough when you look at the real loss. . Examine the extent to which the whistler’s would be protected under the Serbians-Solely Act. Justify your response. The Serbians-Solely Act Of 2002 (SOX) was established as a result Of the unethical behavior and business practices being exposed in various companies and organizations. This Act has done a major overhaul in corporate governance and requires financial accountability through audits and reformed Wall Street practices to ensure the Security Exchange Commissions is as transparent as possible to the public eye. Mr..

Edward would be protected under because the Act has specific guidance for weightlessness that states, “Serbians-Solely not only directs audit committees to install procedures for ensuring that weightlessness’ complaints are properly directed, but it also creates a civil cause of action for some weightlessness who are punished and establishes a new federal crime to punish those who wrongfully retaliate against weightlessness. ” (Prentice/ Breeders, 2010) JP Morgan Chase & Company used its position in the mortgage world to buses the financing process in place to assist those who legitimately qualify for the programs available to them.

As a result of the company’s greed and deception, they not only affected the lives of the mortgage holders, but the cost to their company has to have affected shareholders, profit margin, employee salary, employee performance, and even their credibility. There are different opinions On weightlessness. Some feel there is a lack Of loyalty to the individual’s employer when they whistle-blow. Others take the opinion that when a business practices unethical behavior, an employee that covers the act is has a responsibility to the American people, especially the tax payers, to expose the behavior.

Film analysis Stranger than Fiction essay

In the opening of the film Karen Eiffel tells a lot of numeric attributes and facts about Harold Crick. These information are displaced in combination with geometric shapes. Most of them are angular which is a synonym for boring and repetitive. All these information are standing for Harold Cricks daily routine. When only Harold Crick is involved in the scene the colors are simple, grayish, dull and boring. His essence are at the beginning mostly in the range of grey and brown. This gives the viewer an unspectacular feeling.

So there is no age variety of colors just enough to fill out Harold Cricks life. But as soon as he met others, there is a huge variety of colors. Specially as soon as he met Anna. Most of the scene with Anna are colorful. This creates a much more comforts blew and friendly environment for the viewer and is much more known than the situation just with Harold. The first important sequence is when Harold first met Anna. This was the first time Harold had an argument with Anna who was a bit rebellious in this scene.

So Harold as a person got insecure because he never had a situation eke this before. The second important sequence is when Harold bought a guitar. Since that moment the personality of Harold was getting stronger. There was no more counting and because his personality got developed the viewer actually saw Harold laughing for the first time. And finally the connection with Anna becomes a love story. His appearance change too so that he has changed his style from wearing suits to wearing colored dresses and jeans. And the last important sequence is when Harold first met Karen Eiffel.

Harold has an argue with Karen Eiffel about the ending of his story that he is going to die. But he begged her for showing mercy and not let him die. The sequence as itself is not special. But is had a huge influence on the ending of the film. The argue made Karen Eiffel to reconsider the end of Harold Crick again because she felt guilty that she may have let die other real” heroes of her books. So at the end he is not going to die like all the other heroes of Karen Eiffel. He is going to survive. The use of perspective is mostly the same.

Expect one time when the view is above Karen who stands on top of a building looking down the street. She stretched out her arms and looked like a puppetry. It symbolizes that she is exercises control over the characters of her books and demonstrates power. Music never gets hardly used. However, once Harold is at Anna’s home, he sings the song Whole Wide World by Wreckers Eric, which is about a man who seeks for his perfect girl. This song is symbolic of the love life of Harold. That is like a note to the audience that Harold has found his perfect girl.

Uniform State essay

Statutes which are drafted from Laws are often used to regulate: BUSINESS 2. Legal principles expressed for the first time in court decisions are called: Precedent 3. The law could best be described as: a multitude of rights and corresponding duties 4. Several layers of law are enacted at different levels of government to provide the framework for business and personal rights and duties. At the base of this framework of laws is/are: constitutional law 5. Sheriff Jane desires to search your home. What law requires that the sheriff obtain a search warrant? He Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution 6. A motion for a directed verdict is appropriate: immediately after the presentation of all evidence at trial. 7. A deposition: is the testimony of a witness taken under oath, can also be used to impeach witness, can be conducted outside coatroom 8. The power given to courts to hear certain types Of cases is called: jurisdiction 9. Which is not considered an alternate means of dispute resolution? Civil Lawsuit 10. A court is a tribunal established by: The Government 1 1 .

When the president negotiates a treaty with a foreign country and vomits it to the Senate for approval, the president’s action is based on: an Amendment by practice 12. Under the US constitution: 13. A system in which a central government is given power to administer to national concerns and individual states administer to local concerns is called: Federal System 14. The due process clause: Is, by liberal interpretation, held to be a guarantee of protection from unreasonable legal procedures. 15. The U. S. Constitution: is a written document that specifies the structures and powers of the federal government.

Gattaca Vs Elysium essay

However, due to his genetic profile he can only work in basic jobs hat are for the unskilled. As Vincent grows older he is determine to pursue his dream of flying into space. He uses an illegal DNA broker who provides the identity of Jerome Morrow a young man who is fully qualified to be a flier. He has the right genetic material that puts him above the rest in terms Of mental and physical skills. During the movie Vincent routinely obtains blood, hair, and urine samples from the real Jerome Morrow to pass identification and screening tests.

The real Morrow is not able to live at his potential because he was crippled in an accident. The day comes when Vincent must launch into space. As he prepares to board he discovers that there is one final genetic test and that he is not carrying any of Groomer’s samples. He performs a urinal test and it shows that he is an invalid. However, the Dry. That is in charge resets the machine and gives him a valid pass. Vincent is able to beat all odds and is successful regardless of his genetic makeup. The movie, Elysium takes place in the year 2154 and the story is about two types of civilization.

One is the wealthy people that live in a space station ladled Elysium and the second group of people are poor and live on an overpopulated ruined earth. The rich enjoy a life a luxury with and access to medical technology that can cure anything within a matter of seconds. The poor are trapped on earth in poverty, crime, and diseases. When poor people have finally save enough money or have earn a seat by dealing with the gang leader on earth to enter illegally to Elysium. Many lose their lives because the wealthy have place immigration laws to ensure their habitat.

This includes deploying armed combatants that are sadistically cruel. The main character is Max a young man that lives on the ravage earth and has always dream of going to Elysium since he was a child. He earns his living by manufacturing the robots that enforce the wealthy laws until he is trapped in a compartment of the factory and is exposed to radiation. After he is given 5 days to live, he goes to the gang leader Spider, and begs for a ticket to Elysium promising to work Off his debt upon his return. Spider refuse but then agrees and takes Max to a back room where he is implanted with a microchip that allows transfer of data.

Environmental Regulations and their Socio-Economic essay

Environmental Regulations and their Socio-Economic Impacts on Bangladesh Mission R. Suicide Abstract Only recently Bangladesh has started to undertake the task of creating necessary institutions for the protection of the environment in earnest. Like the modern democratic state, which first appeared in the West in response to popular demand for a role in the decision making process establishing parameters of collective living, the emerging environmental ethics is also a product Of a similar phenomenon.

Based mostly on an intuitive sense Of the inherent limits implied in the objective relation between human beings and tauter, the environment movement has led to the widely accepted view that all economic activities must account for their impacts, and that limits must be imposed on these actions if necessary to protect the natural environment. Since it is recognized that environment has no real boundary, the concerns are for both local and global environment. These concerns in developed countries are being transmitted to Bangladesh and other developing countries via the development assistance programs funded by the peoples of those countries.

Thus, international development agencies now routinely moose requirements to consider and minimize the environmental consequences of all funded projects. This has also helped to create a growing environmental awareness among a segment of the local professionals and the public. However, the efforts to respond to the increasing demands to protect local and global environmental resources are taking place within the culture of the market economy based on the principals of laissez fairer as the means to guaranty life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

Social living has never been free of conflict, and environmental concerns are giving rise to many new ones. The primary function of the state is to mediate the opposing interests of various classes and groups in the society. Laws and the institutions for their enforcement, including the state instruments of coercion, are essential tools in this role. Laws and the legal institutions can be dynamic, but they are always shaped by the current relative strengths of the conflicting classes and groups. Protection of the environment and conservation of natural resources are necessary in Bangladesh to ensure that it remains viable as a human habitat.

Yet, the environmental concerns have given rise to a new set of inflicts – both subjective and objective – in Bangladesh as well, and the need to set up appropriate legal framework has become apparent. An effort is underway to do so utilizing experience of other societies where advances have been made in this respect. A mediated solution invariably results in gains and losses by the parties involved. Thus, promulgation of environmental laws and their enforcement will have socio-economic impact. It will pose new challenges, but will also create new opportunities.

These and other related issues are discussed in this paper. Introduction Environmental laws and regulations in Bangladesh are not entirely new, neither are they what they need to be. To the extent laws reflect the needs of a society to set limits or standards for activities which involve a significant segment of the collective, environmental laws in Bangladesh are responses to such needs. They are components of the country’s superstructure, as laws, other social rules of conduct and institutions in general are understood to be.

Specifically, the existing “environmental laws and regulations” [1] are in fact past isolated responses to specific problems encountered in administration. In a contemporary sense, these came about in the absence of an ‘environmental awareness’ commensurate with the changed socio-economic conditions, local and global. In many countries this awareness is becoming a prominent force in shaping the political, social and economic agenda. In that sense the environmental laws of the past do not constitute a comprehensive set of laws, and more importantly, neither have they made any measurable difference in protecting the environment in Bangladesh.

Therefore, there is need to install legal structures as well as other institutions to protect the public from pollution and to preserve the integrity Of the natural resource base. The type of institutions as well as environmental awareness which emerge in response to environmental problems depend on the perceived significance of the changes introduced in the process of “development” which are taking place in the landscape, the natural resource base and its ability to support human beings.

These need to be strong and effective to meet the challenges of sustainable development, a goal adopted by the country. However, as components of the super-structure, these can only represent the existing eternal conditions. For now, the national environmental agenda is shaped largely by the country’s relations with the rest of the world, especially the developed countries, because, that is a major component of the dynamics and the material conditions. But the economic conditions, politics, method of governance, etc. As objective realties Of the country also play crucial roles in determining the nature of the environmental institutions, and can be expected to become dominant forces more and more. Since new environmental laws are yet to be promulgated and enforced, their impact is mostly a matter of speculation. But, a discussion of how environment is becoming a concern in the society, an analysis of the process within which related laws are being developed, as well as a consideration of the political, economic and structural forces in conflict with the process, can give some idea about the trends which are visible even at this formative period.

II. Global Concerns for Environment and Bangladesh It is useful to understand the context in which Bangladesh is trying to develop environmental laws. Modern environmental movement began in the West in the early seventies as a consequence of the enormous burden of unbridled economic growth on the environment which started with the industrial revolution. The dramatic as well as subtle damages to the local and global CEO-systems, traceable to industrialization – including that of agriculture, and to the related social policies and cultural practices, simply could not be ignored.

The relationship between economic growth (in the developed countries) and development (in the developing countries) along with related economic theories and policies, and degradation of the environment and depletion of natural resources, loss of many species, etc. , started to be agonized The ensuing concerns became a part of the agenda of the social movements of the ‘ass and ‘ass (for civil-rights, against war in Vietnam, for peace, etc. ). And even at the time of the first Earth Day in the LLC. S. It was clear that the environment is a global entity. Also, the oil crisis of the seventies for the first time seriously challenged the traditional sass motion that natural resources are unlimited. Public pressure to Include environmental protection concerns in economic policy making in the West and in the Third World preoccupied with “development”, became strong. The action of sustainable development, now being propagated by many mainstream economists and 2 development agencies is a product of this action.

The other is the public demand (in the West) that funds from Western countries being spent on “development projects” must not exacerbate the already alarming environmental deterioration in the developing countries. This is the reason for the role the donor agencies have assumed in the developing countries visas- a-visas environment. The political dynamics of the period established the link between democratic rights and people’s right to participate in shaping environmental policies. Public pressures on Western governments to support similar rights became integrated with the general thrust for the expansion of democracy in the Third World.

And since a democratic society is above all a society governed by law, environmental laws came to be recognized as critical social instruments for protecting the collective patrimony against those who do or might destroy or impair it. The desire to protect the world’s environment and natural resources, to prevent further decline of the planet’s capacity to support life by thinking globally and acting locally, should be seen s a part of the evolving global environmental ethic. Like the idea of democracy, spreading of this ethic world wide has become a mission for many around the globe.

Because of this, pressures to link financing of development activities to pollution control and resource conservation by appropriate legal means will continue to be a part of the reality in Bangladesh. There is however a basic limitation of this effort. The question viability of the natural environment in the face of the onslaught of rapidly increasing consumerism, fueling promotion of the global market is less understood, and he contradictions between this and promises to protect the natural world are barely recognized.

At issue is the acceptance of endless human need as the norm, and the ability of the natural systems to support it endlessly. The idea of sustainable development (or growth) does not seem to solve this fundamental conflict Yet, attempts to protect the environment through laws and other mechanisms are taking place without any fundamental change in the paradigms on which the production and consumption relations are based. Therefore, the efforts of the donor agencies to persuade policy Akers in Bangladesh to protect the environment and natural resources, while promoting traditional economic policies often run into contradictions.

Bangladesh is heavily dependent on assistance of the developed countries. Over ninety percent [4, 5] of its development budget is funded by international donors. The consequent strong presence of the Western countries in Bangladesh directly and/or through the donor agencies is the vehicle for transplanting to Bangladesh environmental concerns. It also brings management approaches which have evolved in the West for dealing with these concerns. Indeed, donor agencies have indicated that Bangladesh must adopt comprehensive environmental laws [6].

It is necessary for Bangladesh to comply with many international conventions and agreements in which it participates. Social Context of Environmental Laws Broadly speaking, laws are one of the institutions which society creates and maintains to govern itself, and are reflective of the society’s need to set limits or standards for activities, presumably 3 to protect the greater interest of collective against the narrow interest of individuals or groups. Such new institutions are brought into being as the society extends its role in new areas where the need to exert collective authority becomes necessary.

The key to understanding of the social and economic dimension of any law is to analyze this ‘need’. This internal reason for the emergence of laws applies to environmental laws as well. The reasons for the emergence of environmental laws are actual environmental damages which cause or threaten to cause harm to public health or resources; anticipation of such consequences; and, changing values of the society. These considerations are leading to many activities being treated as undesirable or requiring control.

In the past owners and operators of industries who discharged toxic material into the air or the nearest stream were rarely prosecuted; indeed, they were considered to be doing nothing but good to the society by providing employment and producing commodities which sold in the market to generate profits. At worst the damages to the environment were seen as the necessary evil of progress. Such perceptions are undergoing radical changes. The inherent heterogeneity of interests which are embedded in all societies and is the source of tension in the collective, also influence the nature of environmental laws.

Promulgation of these laws are often viewed as an effort to limit gains from legitimate economic activities by those who are engaged in them, and questions are raised regarding cost and benefits of such laws. Because of their role in the economy as owners, producers and consumers, etc. , there are both commonalities as well as divergences of economic interests among social groups. This is the reason why there is need, demand and opposition to environmental laws, all at the same time. It is always a us object of political discourse. The impacts of environmental laws on different segments of the community ray.

The tool for minimizing undesirable impacts of these laws on specific economic interests is political power, and may be derived from the powers that are engaged in economic activities which are targets for legal control. The influence of these forces may be reflected in the form and content of the laws, and may be exerted indirectly through class interests, and directly through intervention via connections among powerful groups, political parties and the state machinery. The recent reversal of a decision to ban production of plastic bags in Bangladesh is a case in point.

Further, the effectiveness of he laws can depend on how the instruments of coercion at the disposal of the state needed for enforcement are manipulated. Ideally, as an outcome of efforts to reconcile contradictory interests in the society, environmental laws are compromises, and which way a compromise tilts is directly a function of the relative strength of the dominant groups. IV. State of the Environment and Need for Environmental Protection Laws in Bangladesh It should not be construed from the role of the donor agencies that there are no compelling environmental and natural resources related problems in

Bangladesh which constitute an objective basis for concern. In fact, natural resources management problems in many ways are far more complex [3] here than usually recognized. The situation has been made ominous by the 4 urgency for economic development to improve the lot of the vast majority of its rapidly growing population; sever shortage of resources; and, specific but poorly understood vulnerabilities of the entire CEO-system, fundamental to the economy in general and agriculture in particular, to the pressures of development.

Delays in the development of democracy and its institutions eve created additional hindrances. According to some experts, the most serious threat to the environment comes from changes in a segment of the economy which is central to the country’s survival: the agriculture. In brief, adoption of cultivation methods requiring application of manufactured fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, aerodonetics, etc. , to boost production has steadily expanded in a country which Seen repeated food shortages.

This however occurred in ignorance Of the physical characteristics of the country, and, of the logic behind the traditional methods of agriculture: a system of production in a tropical talent nation based on the principals of recycling and reuse of organic by- products generated in the process. Increase in toxic substances in food, water, air and the environment in general, deterioration of quality of soil, relative decline of productivity, loss of product variety, decline in fisheries, etc. , are all suspected to be related to these practices.

At the same time, pollution due to industrial discharges is on the rise There are localities (e. G. , Hazarding in Dacha) which are examples of environmental disaster. Changes in the transportation system, increase in power generation, and there trappings of an emerging modern economy, escalating volume Of waste both in the processes of production and consumption, all of which are stressful to the environment, are rapidly becoming significant in their ramifications for the environment in Bangladesh. Deforestation has reached an alarming stage.

Losses of a considerable number of species of flora and fauna have already been recorded and the actual list may be much larger There is concern regarding deterioration of the plant genetic pool, loss of biodiversity, increased resistance of insects harmful to agricultural products, and public health. The problems of food and drug adulteration, although not new, take lethal turns more often because of easy availability of a wide range of chemical substances in a society where literacy is very low, laws and regulations are weak, and enforcement agencies are virtually ineffective.

Environmental impact of major development projects such as the Flood Action plan (FAA), having the potential for introducing major geophysical changes, are also creating much consternation among many. The impact of pollution on public health, direct and indirect, is extensive. In the urban areas, it is common practice, among those who can afford, to boil table water which is often contaminated.

Sources such as ground water aquifers are polluted by raw sewage from deteriorating sewer systems, and most nearby surface water sources are similarly affected by discharge of planned and unplanned raw sewage and other municipal wastes, and in some cases by industrial discharges. Use of leaded gasoline in motor vehicles, the numbers of which are increasing rapidly, is the norm. It is exacerbated by the absence of any effective control of exhaust emissions. Vegetables and other produce in the market are often coated with a layer of some kind of chemicals.

Improper handling of industrial agro-chemicals without any protection exposes the rural population to these chemicals. The adverse impacts of these substances are 5 becoming visible in increased cases of skin disease, tumors, respiratory problems, etc. Most alarming is the strong indications of rising incidents of cancer in Bangladesh, both among the rural and the urban population. The predominant role of external forces in environmental issues should not lead one to surmise that public awareness of environmental problems is absent in Bangladesh.

Aided by the on-going information revolution, availability of information and knowledge transmitted across the boarders with unprecedented speed help in growing public awareness of the detrimental impact of many of our individual and collective practices on the environment, and of the link between local environmental problems and their global impact. An example is the strong public perception in Bangladesh, as in other places, that there is a relation between toxic chemicals in the environment and food, and health problems, e. G. Cancer; and between greenhouse-gases and global warming, possible rise in sea-level and potential ass of a good part Of coastal Bangladesh Local news media has also increased coverage of environmental problems in the country, and is contributing to a heightened public awareness about these issues. Thus the growing pollution problems as well as people’s concerns about these are creating pressures for adopting a comprehensive set of environmental laws. Environmental Laws in Bangladesh and Current Focus What are known as environmental and/or resource conservation laws now, in the past were societies rules for the commons.

Examples would be use of rivers, chalks, bells and village ponds, for transportation, cultivation, fishing ringing water, etc. , which required a set of rules, mostly unwritten, but widely known and accepted, to protect and propagate uses designated for these resources by the members of the society. These rules evolved over a long period of time, mostly from experience, and reflected the mode of living which necessitated the protection, and other considerations such as geomorphology, climate, cultural habits, religious customs, etc. They reflected an indigenous environmental ethic.

Changes in the economy, society and culture brought in with the wave of modernization and radical shifts in the tauter of the social relations have made the traditional ‘social norms’ for conflict mediation ineffective. A survey conducted in 1 992 [10] in connection with the environmental impact assessment efforts of FAA identified a large number of laws, regulations and ordinances which have been “on the books”, some for a long time. These were initiated by individual Ministries, Departments, programs, etc. , to address problems within their jurisdictions, and are referred to as the “sector” laws.

Without the benefit of a perspective on the intricate link between various human actions in the odder world and viability of the natural systems to sustain those activities and an effective means to control them, these efforts were haphazard patchwork of laws and have very little relevance now. The inadequacy of existing laws has been noted by many [1 1], and efforts began to deal with regulatory issues in late seventies. The present Department of Environment (DOE) came into being in 1 985 with a staff of 70, mostly brought in from other agencies.

In 1991, DOE adopted 6 the “Environmental Quality Standards (SEES) for Bangladesh. [1 2]” It listed a large number of physical parameters and chemicals which are considered Laotians, but without any indication of what was to be done with these so called standards. In 1992, the Ministry of Environment & Forest (MOB under which DOE falls, published a document entitled “Environmental policy 1 992 and Implementation Plan”, which recommended pollution control activities to be undertaken by various government agencies; but it had no enforcement provisions.

Clearly, the government has been struggling with the issue of environmental laws and regulations for some time. In late 1 992, the DOE had produced a draft “Bangladesh Environment Preservation Ordinance”, which, according to the staff was being reviewed by a committee of the Cabinet Secretaries. An effort was made to understand the limitations of the existing laws and regulations in the process of developing ‘A Proposed Environmental Regulatory Framework for Bangladesh” [13] in 1992. It was concluded that a number of major regulatory initiatives are necessary. Specifically, alai,n. S and regulations are needed for pollution control; natural resource conservation; and, food and drug quality control. Laws for work place safety are also needed. They are related legislation and some overlap is possible; but, there s need for specific laws and regulations in each area. However, in most cases basic information for a systematic approach to developing these laws to pursue regulatory actions are lacking. For example, a major problem in natural resources conservation work is that a reasonable inventory of the resources have not been completed yet to determine what is to be protected.

There are projects, funded by organizations such as the International Union of Nature Conservation (ICON, in French), UNDO, etc. , for collecting the necessary information, but much more is needed before a natural resources conservation policy and related laws can be adopted. There is severe shortage of competent staff and other structural hindrances in the MOPE and DOE to draft most of these needed laws. But promulgation of environmental laws is possible now to begin to address some of the major pollution problems in the country.

The initial emphasis of the environmental laws in Bangladesh can be expected to be on point source control. Technological resources and management experience in end of pipe control available in developed countries are transferable to Bangladesh. This is true for treatment of domestic sewage in urban areas, municipal solid waste disposal, as well as industrial effluent discharges to air, water and soil. It is true for urgently needed reliable drinking water supply systems in urban areas also. But there are obstacles too in utilizing the know how to enforce environmental laws in controlling pollution from these sources.

Among these are paucity of data and to determine the volume, constituents and concentrations of pollutants in the discharges; lack of enforceable standards and other effluent limitations; a system for permit issuance; and, trained personnel to carry out this work, etc. This calls for innovative environmental laws. A combination of encouraging laundry compliance with the laws and provisions to impose stiff penalties for failing to achieve the desired control might be fruitful. And pollution prevention should be a primary feature of environmental laws in Bangladesh.

Indeed, the need for the imposition of sanctions can be 7 reduced a great deal by adopting and implementing a national pollution prevention policy. It can be effective if government agencies, Engross (environmental non-government organizations), and consultants can provide leadership through education, technology transfer, and training to make it a major focus in all aspect of social and economic activities. Use of recyclable indigenous material, especially agricultural products, in manufacturing and consumption should be encouraged through incentives.

Other environ- friendly innovations should be rewarded. A great deal of environmental work at the present has to do with the environmental impact assessment (EIA). This is occurring without any legal requirement, and is being carried out under various policy guidance. This however also limits the scope of these activities. Primarily introduced in connection with specific projects being funded by various donor agencies, Alas are being made a requirement before project implementation by these agencies, under pressures from within the donor countries.

So far this appears to be more a formality, since the Seas are routinely “cleared”. The purpose of Alas to protect the environment, either by not allowing the project to take place because of the adverse impact, or requiring inclusion of mitigation measures in the project to minimize the damages are ignored, ostensibly because of economic considerations. In a document listing its achievements, DOE listed among its activities issuance of “no objection certificates”; there is no mention of any project has been topped or any mitigation measures recommended [7]. Unless there is a radical change in perspective, it is not clear that environmental laws will change the current practice. The most challenging problem, controlling pollution in the agricultural sector is not on the agenda for environmental laws being contemplated. Control of nonprofit sources of pollution, i. E. , run- off of sediment due to erosion, excess nutrients and other agro-chemicals not used-up by plants, into unintended areas of the landscape, are inherently more complex as such. It is next to impossible in a country which for all racial purposes becomes one big wetland at least some time during the year.

As stated earlier, the significance of the problem is not recognized by most policy makers, and those who do, are at a loss to address this problem, legally or otherwise, without recourse to alternative agricultural practices which can feed the growing population. Thus, the primary solution to the environmental problems created by agricultural practices, i. E. , source control, will not be in environmental laws, though these can play a supportive role, but only if a major reorientation in agriculture is possible.

America essay

Throughout the course, and as the semester is ending, I have learned a lot about Linguistics and some of its major scope. Moving on, we have been presented with various video documentaries pertaining to the study of language. How it has evolved around humans and how we adapt to the changes we undergo in our daily living are some of the topics being tackled in the documentaries. Telling tales (from explorations) is one of the studies under language and cognition.

And in the video, experiments were done on children and studied owe lying can be learned and they eventually discover the causes and effects of it to people. Children tend to lie to get away, and 70% of the children in the video would peak and when they peak, most of them will lie. Most of the time, the smartest kids are the one who lie more than the ordinary ones. Several concepts were also introduced to the class through the video. There are terms such as negation and aversion which are symptoms that accompany lies according to Walters. Negation is the term for the dropping of curtain-like behavior when people are lying.

On the other hand, there are even machines that are related to lying. It is the polygraph. These are used by law enforcers in America for 50 years, and believed to be the best tool to detect liars but later found out that it is actually flawed. Other options were also presented in the video. Another one is through the brain waves. Several experiments were done and it is proved that it is more accurate in the given situations. The term for this is Brain Fingerprinting machine. Through a persons memory, the real story came out through this machine.

Amy Vaules essay

On this day I was instructed by my platoon sergeant to take care of my gate 2. 0 before oiling out with my section to conduct crew drills that morning at 0930. I did as I was told; I went to my room showered got dressed, went and had breakfast, then came back to my room. I was not instructed on where to take care of the gate; just to do it. My laptop was messing up and would not pull up the correct website properly so I called my fellow battle and ask him what time was the stone education center open on main post. He said it should’ve been open.

So then I get over to the stone education center on main post. I resumed the task at hand at the computer lab there where I called on SST Boone to ask him where I would find the gate at because I didn’t know where to find it. He then gave me guidance on where the gate was located and I proceeded with the 100 questions. During taking this gate my computer messed up multiple times. I finally finished around 1020 and which my noncommissioned officer called and asked how long was going to be and I said that had just finished.

After leaving there I then proceeded to the medical aid station to get my vision done at 1 1 00 which arrived before then by 15 miss. After leaving the aid station I proceeded to the area where my section was conducting training and crew certifications. After arriving there I explained to my leaders my story and etc. The next day I come to find out that I am being counseled on these actions in which I have failed my leaders. The essay was given with the details on what to type it on. And had till Monday to complete the task at hand.

The date of Monday being March the 30th. Loyalty is one of the 7 army values in which it this means to bear true and allegiance to the United States Constitution, the Army, your unit and other Soldiers. Bearing the truth faith and devoting yourself to something or omen. The way I violated this army value was by not bearing the true purpose and meaning to my section and leadership. I didn’t do my part as a team member. This concludes the army value loyalty in which did not value at the moment. The next army value that I violated was duty.

Duty means more than carrying out your assigned tasks. Duty means being able to accomplish tasks as part of a team. The work of the U. S. Army is a complex combination of missions, tasks and responsibilities -? all in constant motion. Our work entails building one assignment onto another. You fulfill your obligations as a part of your unit every time you resist the temptation to take “shortcuts” that might undermine the integrity of the final product. I violated this army value by not performing the task that was given as part of the team and being responsible for my actions.

The third of the army value that I violated is respect. Which means treat people as they should be treated. In the Soldier’s Code, we pledge to “treat others with dignity and respect while expecting others to do the same. ” Respect is what allows us to appreciate the best in other people. Respect is rusting that all people have done their jobs and fulfilled their duty. And self- respect is a vital ingredient with the Army value of respect, which results from knowing you have put forth your best effort. The Army is one team and each of us has something to contribute.

With that being said I violated this army value by not fulfilling my duty as a soldier and as a err. Also by not recognizing my worth to the 37 section for certifications and the valuable asset I played in these certifications. Not putting forth my best effort and managing my time to complete a task more wisely. The next of the army values that violated is selfless service. Selfless service means to put the welfare Of the nation, the Army and your subordinates before your own. Selfless service is larger than just one person.

In serving your country, you are doing your duty loyally without thought of recognition or gain. The basic building block of selfless service is the commitment of each team member to go a little further, endure a little longer, and look a little closer to see how he or she can add to the effort. I didn’t value this army value in which I violated because I didn’t show that my commitment as a team ember. By not doing the task that were handed down to me in a timely matter. My effort could have been better in the time firm that I was given and seeing the bigger picture of the subject matter at hand.

Honor is the next army value which holds a good bit of meaning. For which one is very much honored to have for one self and others. Being able to serve your country is truly as honor at that and to do what 1% of the nation could not. Honor means live up to Army values. The nation’s highest military award is The Medal of Honor. This award goes to Soldiers who make honor a matter f daily living -? Soldiers who develop the habit of being honorable, and solidify that habit with every value choice they make.

Honor is a matter of carrying out, acting, and living the values of respect, duty, loyalty, selfless service, integrity and personal courage in everything you do. Honor ties into a great deal of the 7 army values. Honor and courage is what this great nation was built on along with blood sweat and tears of the soldiers and the families of them during the wars and hardship of the United States. Without honor you have nothing and will not value the purpose of your duty to the army. Integrity is the next army value. Integrity is doing what’s right, legally and morally.

Integrity is a quality you develop by adhering to moral principles. It requires that you do and say nothing that deceives others. As your integrity grows, so does the trust others place in you. The more choices you make based on integrity, the more this highly prized value will affect your relationships with family and friends, and, finally, the fundamental acceptance of yourself. Integrity is also a key army value one soldier in the military should want to have. Having integrity is what many of our four ethers had during the foundation building during the building of the United States of America.

Many of the leaders stood up for what is right and for what was best for the country. I violated this rule as a soldier by not realizing the effect of me not completing the task at hand on time. The last yet final of the army values is personal courage. In which having personal courage is a big deal because it can keep you and one safe of doing the right things. Many of the events as far as Daniel in the bible who had personal courage when he stood up against the king and was torn in the lion den but didn’t deny his lord. And had faith.

Singapore Airlines Swot essay

In FM 2014, Scoot operated six aircrafts. Furthermore, the group offers its cargo operations through Singapore Airlines Cargo (ASIA Cargo). ASIA Cargo operates to destinations around the world with a fleet of 8747-400 freighters. In PAYOFF, it operated nine Boeing 747-400 freighters, including two owned and seven leased. Thus, the group’s multi- brand positioning enables it to offer tailored services based on the unique needs of customers, thus enhancing the its scale of operations and operating margins. Well-spread geographic base

The operations of Singapore Airlines are geographically well-diversified. The group operates in East Asia, South West Pacific, Europe, the Americas, West Asia, and Africa. Silkier provides premium short to medium haul air transport for locations across Asia. Additionally, Scoot operates medium-to-long-haul, low-cost flights between Singapore and Australia, China and others regions. Singapore Airlines’ revenue bases are spread out evenly across various geographies which allow the group to derive maximum benefit.

For instance, East Asia, the group’s largest geographical market, accounted for 37% of the total revenues in PAYOFF. Furthermore, South West Pacific accounted for 10. 7% of the total revenues in the same period. In addition, Europe, the Americas and West Asia and Africa accounted for 10. 5%, 5. 3%, and 2. 9% respectively. Thus, the group’s well diversified geographic network enables it to gain access to key markets as well as expand its customer base in emerging markets.

Singapore Airlines maintains a robust fleet of 106 aircraft. The average age of its fleet stands at seven years, as of February 2015, making it one of the youngest and most fuel efficient airliner fleet in the world. The group’s fleet includes 30 AWAY-300 aircrafts; 19 AWAY-800 aircrafts; 26 Boeing 777-200 aircrafts including four 777-RARER, nine retrofitted 777-RARER, three 777-200, and 10 retrofitted 777-200; and 31 Boeing 777-300 aircrafts including 24 777-RARER and seven retrofitted 777-300.

The advantages in having a young fleet are that passengers prefer new jets equipped with the latest facilities, as well as younger fleet offers greater engineering efficiency and demand lower maintenance costs. The low age of fleet allows Singapore Airlines to operate each of its jets for longer duration than its rivals, so it needs fewer of them Han a carrier trying to serve the same routes with older planes. Thus, the young and efficient fleet allows Singapore Airlines to fly more miles and derive higher profitability than its rivals in the market place.

Singapore Airlines’ aircraft have been constantly plagued by multiple technical problems over the years. For instance, in May 2014, a Singapore Airlines Airbus AWAY-800, from Singapore to Hong Kong (China) with 263 passengers, was flying out of Singapore when the crew received a cargo door warning. The plane was landed safely and another replacement flight was Sent out. Similarly, page 5 n April 2014, a Singapore Airlines Airbus AWAY-800, from Singapore to London Heathers departed with delay following maintenance works on two engines (Torrent 970) at the gate.

The flight subsequently returned to Singapore due to the failure of two engine bleed air systems and resulting air conditioning problems. The aircraft landed overweight after departure and rolled out without further incident, eight main gear tires deflated as result of the landing. Similarly in February 2014, a Singapore Airlines Airbus AWAY-300 from Singapore to Achaean, India, was flying out of Singapore runway when the feet hand main gear door did not close after retracting the gear. The crew stopped the climb at 8000 feet and returned to Singapore about 30 minutes after departure.

Thus, such technical glitches due to poor maintenance of aircrafts may lead to serious accidents which may cost heavy financial damage to the airline along with causing loss Of reputation Of the group. The global tourism industry is booming which could boost the demand for the group’s services. According to the World Tourism Organization (UNTO), the number of international tourists (overnight visitors) reached 1 , 1 38 million in 014, 51 million more than in 2013. With an increase of 4. 7%, this is the fifth consecutive year of above average growth since the 2009 economic crisis.

Geographically, the Americas and Asia Pacific regions registered 7% and 5%, growth in tourist arrivals, respectively. In addition, Europe and Middle East each grew at a modest rate of 4%. Moreover, the UNTO forecasts international tourism to grow by 3% to 4% in 2015. In terms of region, Asia and the Pacific is expected to grow by (4% to 5%), the Americas by (4% to 5%), followed by Europe with (3% to 4%). In addition, the decline in the global oil ricers is expected to further lower transport costs and boost economic growth by lifting purchasing power and private demand in oil importing economies.

Singapore Airlines offers single city and multi-city vacations, adventure tours, and customized vacations in several destinations, including Singapore, Bali, Bangkok, Tokyo, Malaysia, Korea, India, and Hong Kong. Thus, the growing global tourism coupled with the group’s large presence in the world would enable it to boost its revenues and margins. Strong outlook for the global air freight sector The global air freight sector recovered in 2014 after a period of declines in 01 2 and 2013. The sector is expected to slowly increase in value and volume terms over the next five years.

According to Marketing (a unit of Informal), the global air freight sector generated total revenues of $125,479. 9 million in 2014, representing a compound annual growth rate (CARR) of 1. 2% be;en 201 0 and 2014. Furthermore, the performance of the sector is forecast to accelerate, with an anticipated CARR of 2. 1 % for the 2014-19 periods, which is expected to drive the sector to a value of $139,546. 9 million by the end of 201 9. Page 6 The group’s Singapore Airlines Cargo (ASIA Cargo) business is engaged in air argon transportation and related activities.

ASIA Cargo operates to destinations around the world with a fleet of nine 8747-400 freighters. Thus, the strong outlook for the global air freight market would provide incremental growth opportunities to enhance its revenues and market share. Global MR. market poised for rapid growth The global aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MR.) market is expected to grow at a rapid pace. According to an industry estimates, the commercial aircraft MR. market is estimated to grow by 43. 1 % annually to reach a value of $84. Billion by 2022 as compared to $59. 2 billion in 2013. Meanwhile, the military MR. market is expected to grow by 3% annually to register a value of $62. 5 billion by 2022 from $60. 7 billion in 2013. Meanwhile the business aviation MR. market is expected to grow at a rate of 3. 9% annually to $15. 4 billion in 2022 as compared to $10. 8 billion in 2013. The group is well positioned to exploit the growing MR. market. The group’s subsidiary, ASIA Engineering Company (CEASE), is one of the leading players in the MR. industry.

Globally, Case’s line maintenance network covers 34 airports in seven countries, handling 650 flights daily round-the-clock for more than 80 airlines worldwide. Cases first-mover advantage in the aircraft technology and its collaborations with leading original equipment manufacturers (MEMO) enabled it to establish a One-stop engineering center in Singapore, offering comprehensive maintenance services. Thus, the growing MR. market provides incremental growth opportunities for the group to enhance its revenues and market share in the market.

Intense competition and price discounting pressurize the operating margins The airline industry is highly competitive. The principal competitive factors in the airline industry are fares, customer service, routes served, flight schedules, types of aircraft, safety record and reputation, code-sharing relationships, capacity, in-flight entertainment systems, and frequent flyer programs. Airline profits are sensitive to even slight changes in average fare levels and passenger demand.

Singapore Airlines faces direct competition from other airlines on its routes, as well as from indirect flights, charter services, and from other modes of transport. Some of its competitors are Air New Zealand, Catchy Pacific Airways, British Arrivals, Delta Air Lines, All Nippon Airways, Korean Air, Flyby Group, Urinary, Santa, United Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, and China Airlines, among others. In addition, price competition between airlines through price discounting, fare matching increased capacity, targeted sale promotions, and frequent flyer travel initiatives, may further squeeze margins.

A relatively small change in pricing or in passenger traffic could have a disproportionate effect on an airline’s operating and financial results. Therefore, intense competition could pressurize the operating margins Of the group. Stringent regulatory constraints page 7 As an airline operator, the group undertakes operations based on the tabulations of statutory regulations relating to airline operations. Singapore Airlines is required to conduct passenger operations and cargo operations on international routes in accordance with the stipulations of international agreements.

These stipulations include treaties, bilateral agreements, and the decisions of the International Air Transport Association (IA T A). A violation of specific laws and regulations by the group could result in the imposition of fines and penalties. The group is also subject to numerous statutory environmental protection regulations with regard to issues such as aircraft missions of greenhouse gases, use of environmentally polluting substances and their disposal, and energy usage at major offices.

Singapore Airlines shoulders a considerable cost burden in order to adhere to such statutory regulations. If the current regulations are strengthened or if new regulations, such as environmental taxes, are introduced, the group has to incur additional costs, which would impact its operating margins. Growing airline safety concerns may impact passenger traffic volume The growing security concerns in the wake of major airline accidents in the recent past may impact passenger traffic volumes. Airlines are frequently faced with the threat of accidents and turbulence’s during long-haul journeys.

Issues Faced by the Holt Renfrew essay

Faced by the Holt Renews In Logistics are mostly due to inefficient supply chain and can be classified into the following 1 . Most of the time people in logistics department were on the phone so as to confirm the order and also readjust previous orders With the suppliers 2. Also the Staff at Logistics had to search for merchandise whenever stores managers called 3. They had to continuously follow up on orders with supplier and also enquire about the status of order with the transportation service provider 4. Orders from suppliers were received unknowingly due to which there was chaos and delays 5.

Also nobody knew what was the order they were receiving and how much should be the quantity and what should be quality of the good. 6. There was no space available in the Distribution center 7. The Movement of goods from DC to Stores is one of the big issues NAS 5. Yes they should build a mezzanine because 1. They will be able to consolidate all the operations into one Distribution center. 2. Less staff will be required to manage and also costs will decrease 3. Tony can concentrate more on the consolidated distribution center 4.

Even though there is no space available in Main Distribution Center that is only due o the inefficient logistics due to which most of the goods remain at the Distribution Center and cause stock out in Stores. As a result after streamlining the supply chain is required rather than a secondary distribution center and this will in turn reduce the inventory in the distribution center.

Equality And Diversity essay

The three major types of discriminatory practice I will be focusing on discussing and assessing in this report are the following: 1 Infringement of rights means breaching and disrespecting someone’s human rights or selecting one person’s legal entitlement. An individual whose rights have been taken away may feel devalued, depressed and very sad which then may lead to affecting their health at some point. 2. Bullying means intimidating, targeting and overpowering an individual by the use of threat, physical force, name calling and a lot more.

Bullying more often than not, takes place repetitively which then makes and leaves a huge impact on an individual’s entirety. 3. Abuse means causing harm and/or injuries to an individual through a variety of unnecessary behaviors and acts. A few types of abuse re the following: (1) Verbal Abuse (2) Psychological Abuse (3) Physical Abuse (4) Sexual Abuse (5) Neglect/Fail proper care (6) Hate Crimes. Findings: updated on 5th October 2013 (BBC NEWS: Nurse ‘abused’ elderly residents at Burley care home) Lancashire care home. Infringement of rights] A nurse named Oblique’s Aztar abused elderly residents in a Lancashire care home through breaching their rights. Ms Aztar is facing twelve charges of misconduct in 2010. She did a variety of unacceptable behavior whilst she was taking care of the elderly residents. One of the things she has done fore was tying to force medication into a male patient’s mouth which already clearly shows that she is taking away the right of the elderly from having choices and preferences in terms of medication. The incident also proves that Ms Aztar is not giving the elderly the right to be respected.

This is only one of the misbehaver she has acted upon and there are a ton more. These two rights that have been taken away from the elderly man could have affected him in a lot of ways. The elderly resident/patient could have felt physical pain whilst the nurse was using physical force on him urine the unpleasant incident. The patient could have chocked as well and felt really horrible at that exact moment. Forcing the elderly could have aggravated his current condition too -whether it is concerning fragile and brittle bones and/or other conditions.

Being disrespected by the nurse (Ms Aztar) could have made him feel really helpless, more vulnerable and sad. It could have also influenced and lower his self-esteem -?thinking he is old now and he does not get respected and treated right due to his incapability of taking care of himself and depending on nurses/careers. Since the elderly tenant could have been feeling really down because of the handling he gets from Ms Aztar, he might think of escaping but since he could not, he might even think about dying or committing suicide.

In an elderly care home, it is highly promoted to be the second home for elderly residents and the care home should be just like one big family -united, exchanging warmth and friendliness to each Other. However, the elderly could have felt like he was marginal’s in that so-called second ‘family. He could have felt like he was marginal’s because he was treated really badly and he did not feel like he as a part of the family due to how MS Aztar treated him and made him feel.

He could have also isolated himself and not socialism with other residents and nurses because he was scared of how they might treat him -like how Ms Aztar treats or has treated him. In addition, viewing the fact that the elderly is dependent on the nurse, Ms Aztar is the nurse that controls mostly a lot of things when it comes to taking care of him and Ms Aztar is also the one who does not treat him with just, he could have felt a very strong disembowelment which could have led to serious depression and again, could have also worsen his current condition.

Findings: Updated on 23rd August 201 3 (BBC NEWS: Whips Cross Hospital workers jailed for patient abuse) East London hospital. [Bullying] There were three healthcare assistants who abused 1 1 female elderly patients at Whips Cross University Hospital. One of the three abusers was 38 year old woman named Osaka Skyway. The three of them would bully and overpower the elderly patients by the use of physical force and verbal abuse.

They would frequently tell the patients to shut up with a really bad attitude, and they also deal with the elderly in a violent, forceful and aggressive behavior. The three would do hose things constantly and the result will be elderly getting frightened of them and being controlled by them. One incident that Skyway did to bully one patient was put a bed sheet over a patient’s head named Joan Messmate who was 87 years old at the time, and also told her she was dead -which clearly states that she was scaring the patient and ignoring the fact that she is an elderly with a certain condition.

Another incident that Skyway did was slapping a patient named Louise Hodges just after cleaning her and afterwards grabbed Lily Oliver’s swollen arthritic knee prior to handing it to another career -which then caused her to ‘scream with pain’. These acts could have affected the elderly patient’s physical condition. They could have developed more aches and pains -even more the patient who has an arthritic knee. When Skyway held a bed sheet over the patient’s head, the patient could have had a very hard time on breathing and also, could have possibly died by putting the patient’s life at risk and danger.

Using physical force in patients that gets bullied could lead to serious injuries and bone fractures -as elderly tend to be more vulnerable and fragile. Getting bullied by the health are assistants, and having no one to get to listen to them could have made them feel really desperate for help, neglected, and exasperated -even suicidal. They could have thought and felt like there is lack of support from family and/or anybody in general to help them be freed from getting continuously bullied by the people who are supposedly their ‘careers. Some of the patients could have thought about leaving, but could not because their family would not believe them due to their condition which could have made them feel really lonesome, friendless and worthless. They could have also had he thought of just dying because their life just does not make sense anymore due to the way they get treated by the healthcare assistants. The elderly patients in the Whips Cross university Hospital could mostly likely have felt like they were disemboweled by the three bullies which could have worsen their condition -be it mental or physical health condition.

Findings: Updated on 23rd April 2012 (BBC ONE panorama – undercover: Elderly care, Monday) Gaston Court care home. [Abuse] An elderly woman named Maria World, 81 years old who also happens to be suffering from Alchemist’s disease and arthritis was physically assaulted by a male career and four other careers in an ‘excellent’ care home in Gaston Court London. In the video clips shown in BBC panorama, Maria World was evidently being mistreated and abused. The workers fed Maria “too quickly, manually rolling her over, and hauling her roughly into bed -an action that should have been performed using a hoist. Maria World was even slapped and punched in one of the video clips without any reason. These sadistic actions and happenings just clearly show that she was physically abused. In addition, the main career who constantly abused her as a male which can also count as a sexual assault because the male should not even be there due to certain manual handling of a female patient. These situations and actions could have left a huge impact on the elderly resident, Maria World.

Since she is suffering from Alchemist’s disease, she could have been very confused on why she is being treated the way they are treating her. The careers do not even open the television or even encourage or ask her to watch something, they just open it when they are in the room with her. She has nothing to watch but the ceiling whilst suffering from Alchemist’s ease. It could have been very confusing, lonely and very sad. There was no brain stimulant provided at all. The careers in actual fact abused her by neglecting and failing to provide her the proper care she ought to receive.

The careers also let her stay in bed for hours and not check on her or change her position, and this could have given her bed sore and bad stiffness. She was also given a very little amount of water which could have caused dehydration in her body. Since she was punched and slapped, she could have had severe bruises and pains which she just suffers on her own. Also, given that she was arced and speed-fed, the physical force used on her could have aggravated the pain of her joints and bones in her arthritis condition.

In all of the damage and wrongdoings that has been done to her, she could have felt strong loneliness and also, could have developed fear on other people. Since she was constantly being abused by her careers, she might be withdrawn to others and frightened of what people will do to her. She might feel like no one is there to help her and support her. She could have felt really weak and powerless -?not knowing exactly what is going on due to her Alchemies s indention, lack of nutrition, dehydration and a lot more.