He stiffened and went into a slight crouch. His glance was at once calculating and pugnacious. ” He is newly-married and is very possessive of his wife – but he still visits brothels. There is a rumor that he wears a glove filled with Baseline to keep his hand soft for his wife. Wife is a possession- authority and patronizing unrestricted unlike Slim as a boss (natural authority) Revenge on Leonie at end ‘l don’t like Curler’ – CAW ’cause his old man’s the boss’ CANDY His relationship with this dog and how they reflect the old and ‘handicapped’ people during asses America.
When Candy speaks to George about wishing he was the one to kill his dog, that foreshadows the ending of the novella, when George takes it upon himself to end Lien’s life. The killing of Candy’s dog also adheres to he cyclical nature of solitude during that period that Steinbeck uses throughout the novel. Candy is really the only character with a real voice. He voices his opinions and is the man source of Gossip on the Ranch. Overall Candy is portrayed as a character that has outlived his use or ‘usefulness’ and is clinging onto the hope of living the American Dream. Exposed of- represents age discrimination- ‘tall, stoop’ shows how age is highlighted from Start Relationship with dog is parallel of George and Leonie Dream with G + L Described through dog ‘a drag-footed sheep dog, grey of muzzle and with pale, blind old eyes’ IAC INTRO In Edwardian Britain, a period steeped in superficiality and hypocrisy, social status was measured by material wealth. A sense of moral responsibility was lost to the facade of materialism and etiquette. In the Birding family, J. B.
Priestley has created a group of people so fixated upon climbing the rigid adder of social hierarchy, that they are willing to shelve their conscience and morality, feeling no ties of empathy with those less fortunate then themselves. Throughout the play J. B. Priestley emphatically demonstrates to us that we are members ‘of One body’ and uses every character to convey his vital message, that we each hold a responsibility to show empathy and care for each other. MR. BIRDING Position Need to impress Unchanged Cares for himself and family provincial in his speech. I’ve got to cover this up as soon as I can. ” (selfish) it’s exactly the same port your father gets. He is proud that he is likely to be knighted, as that would move him even higher in social circles. ‘public scandal’ Haft’s the matter with that child? ‘ (patronizing) GERALD Is he a bit like Mr. Birding, wanting to protect his own interests? ‘l believe you’re right, sir’- Looks up to Mr. Birding ‘this make all the difference’ At the beginning of the play Gerald appears to be very polite and well mannered. “Absolutely first-class” He seems to be enthusiastic and wants to fit in with the family. L insist upon being one of the family now. ” Gerald is from an upper class family and he is the Brings social superior. Mr. Birding makes this clear when he says. “Lady Croft – while she doesn’t object to my girl – feels you might have done better for yourself socially. ” This creates unease between them but it also suggests that Mr. Birding is very comfortable talking to Gerald. He describes Gerald as “just the kind of son-in-law I always wanted. ” He also opens up to Gerald about is knighthood “Just a knighthood, Of course. ” but doesn’t tell his own son about this.
In the first act Gerald shows that he has similar views to Mr. Birding. He replies “You couldn’t have done anything else. ” after Birding reveals that he fired Eva Smith. In his confession Gerald is shown as immoral for having an affair with Daisy Rent whilst seeing Sheila, however he does appear to be upset by what has happened and what he did. “(distressed) Sorry – I – well, ‘We suddenly relished – taken it in properly that’s she’s dead-” Sheila “But these girls aren’t cheap labor – they’re people. ” Compassion- young She feels full of guilt for her jealous actions and blames herself as”really responsible. She is very perceptive: “he’s giving us the rope – so that we’ll hang ourselves” (Act II) and, near the end, is the first to consider whether the Inspector may not be real. She is curious. She genuinely wants to know about Garage’s part in the story. It’s interesting that she is not angry with him when she hears about the affair: she says that she respects his honesty. She is becoming more mature. She is angry with her parents in Act 3 for trying to “pretend that nothing much has happened. ” Sheila says “It frightens me the Way you talk:” she cannot understand how they cannot have learnt from the evening in the same way that she has.
She is seeing her parents in a new, unfavorable light. At the end of the play, Sheila is much wiser. She can now edge her parents and Gerald from a new perspective, but the greatest change has been in herself: her social conscience has been awakened and she is aware of her responsibilities. The Sheila who had a girl dismissed from her job for a trivial reason has vanished forever. She represents (with Eric) the younger generation – Priestley saw them as ‘more impressionable’ – after all, they were the future.
She gives the audience hope that their society can improve if people make changes and take responsibility. Themes Responsibility Gender Age Class ESSAYS MOMMA Curler; 1) Curler is pugnacious. This means he IS quick to fight. He believes he is the leader of the ranch because he is the boss’s son. However, he isn’t because the guys on the ranch do not respect him well enough because of his attitude. Something else which backs up the fact that he is pugnacious is that he was an ex-boxer, and he was described as “handy”. This allows Curler to be presented as vicious and mean towards the audience.
Curler believes he doesn’t have to do any work on the ranch, and that in fact he is above everyone else therefore they should do his dirty work. Curler was described as wearing “high-heeled boots just like the boss. ” This shows that e isn’t going to do any hard work and that he is uses the card of him being the boss’s son as an easy way out of not working. Him wearing heels on his boots shows this because you wouldn’t see a guy wearing high-heeled boots doing hard-work, because it isn’t practicable to be wearing those sort of shoes. Curler is the one man on the ranch to have a lover.
This means that he could be very conscious and worried that the other guys on the ranch will try to steal his wife. This could make him come across as vicious and Nan-trusting towards the other men, but also towards the audience. This presents Curler n a pessimistic way because he is demonstrating negative qualities about himself You should conclude by saying that Steinbeck had intentions of Curler to be he anti-protagonist of the novella, in order to create tension within the book, but also to show the reality of men in asses America. ) In the first description of Curler we see that he has to prove his authority, hinting at his inferiority complex, as he wears “high-heeled boots” to distinguish himself from the workers. This hints that he hasn’t earned his status; he has got there through nepotism. This is in contrast to the description of Slim, who has natural authority” and it shows the illogical nature Of the situation, that Curler has more power. Steinbeck uses this situation to criticize the lack of social mobility at that time, the opposite of the American Dream. Since Curler doesn’t have natural authority, he tries to prove himself through violence.
As well as being outwardly ‘pugnacious’, his violent nature even pervades his appearance, as he has “tightly curled hair”. Through comparing Curler to a spring, Steinbeck emphasizes his irrational and illogical confrontational nature, since he has not been provoked. This negative imagery creates reader sillies at this endemic, unnecessary anger pervading ranch life and the brutal nature of the times. In the plot of the novella, his ‘pugnacious’ characteristics appear to be the first, almost prophetic, signs of trouble for George and Leonie.
Curler is used by Steinbeck to symbolism the pessimistic outlook, at the time of the Great Depression. When Curler enters the Bunk House, he immediately ruins the atmosphere when he ‘glanced coldly. This unnecessary manner and the negative connotations of the adverb ‘coldly’, shows that the other characters don’t welcome his behavior. The behavior of Curler isn’t seem to an isolated case either since Candy said, “I’ve seen many of ‘me”. The use of the pronoun “me” dehumidifies Curler and his attitude. Steinbeck does this to show that the negativity of people like Curler is corrupting the American Dream.
The dangerous impact of his behavior is seen most clearly through his wife. Through her sex and her marriage to Curler, she has become isolated from everyone. The fact that she “don’t like Curler” isolates her further, so she has to find friendship from the other men. This instinctive quest for affection leads both her and Leonie into trouble hen she tries to gain the physical contact that she never got from Curler. In the quote “see how soft it is” we see how in her desperation, she misjudges Leonie.
In the prophetic nature of this quote, referring to how Leonie behaves around soft things, we see how dangerous Curlers behavior is. The dangerous effects of his violent personality are shown in his treatment of Leonie at the end. When he hears of the death of his wife, he immediately blames Leonie, “l know who done it”. Since violence pervades his mind and their society, there is no trial, or justice for Leonie. Steinbeck shows his critical tauter of this situation through use of hyperbolic language, “I’ll kill the big son-of-a-bitchy myself’ and this simultaneous reaction creates a farcical situation.
The rashness of his actions creates a sense of pathos for Leonie and the unfairness of his broken dreams. It may be suggested that the rashness of society at the time is preventing people from achieving the Jeffersonian Agrarian Myth. Candy Candy essay How is loneliness and isolation explored in the novel? Loneliness is the feeling of isolation and no hope or dreams in your life-which is what Stein beck achieves by portraying this theme effectively through key sectional characters in Of Mice and Men.
By living in the town of ‘Solaced’ (Spanish for loneliness), the audience gets an overwhelming sense Of the depressing environment that the migrant farmers are living through by their repetitive lifestyle and the consequences they face through the Great Depression and the Dustbins. Yet another aspect of loneliness which is exposed vulnerably through several characters is the idea of the American Dream, for Steinbeck teaches us that even through hard work and prosperity, it is unattainable which is represented by Curlers wife, Crooks, Candy and
George + Leonie. These persona are left in isolation for as George says that ‘Guys like us that work on ranches are the loneliest guys in the world. They don’t belong no place… ‘ which is to say that these characters have lost all hope in their lives, which Steinbeck conveys effectively, and the fact that despite this, they still believe there is hope to come for them, which leaves me to sympathies for them more. Candy is a prime representation of isolation and loneliness in ‘Of Mice and Men’.
Firstly, it seems his disability has brought him down by the ranches cause he has ‘no (right) hand’ which says to me that he isn’t practical in the ranch, yet it also suggests that Steinbeck may have used religious imagery to interpret the isolation Candy feels because the right hand is a symbol of hope and love in Christianity, and by not having one Candy has lost meaning in life, in my opinion. Nevertheless, it’s surprising this because it’s ironic that he’s the oldest on the ranch by being a ‘tall, stoop-shouldered old man’ but having the most experience on the ranch.
Yet it seems that the depression has hit on the shoulders for his look on life has been brought down. As well as this, his American Dream of living on George and Lien’s dream ranch is affected mainly by Curlers wife’s death as he ‘lay down in the hay and covered his eyes with his arm’ after the men left, knowing it seems that age and disability has made him vulnerable against the harsh reality of isolation in 1 ass’s America.
Yet nevertheless, I still believe that there is hope for him because just several years after Of Mice and Men was published, President Roosevelt signed an agreement for peace and equality in America. He had polio. He was disabled. So despite Candy being in a position of loneliness against the world, here is still hope for him in the world I believe, not like some other characters. Crooks was also considered disabled by being a ‘negro buck’ as black people were treated terribly as slaves and not in society.
This is shown by Steinbeck language of setting as Crooks lives in a ‘little shed that leaned off the wall of the barn’ as if to say that he is not strong or bold enough to survive in the world. He also has ‘a mauled copy of the California civil code for 1905’ which conveys to me that despite Crooks being motivated and strong to achieving a prosperous life, his life will never be the same. The past has gone behind him and nothing can protect him from his isolation and loneliness.
Although Steinbeck shows that loneliness has made Crooks bitter by putting Candy and Leonie in the same position as he is making Leonie think if ‘suppose you don’t have nobody’ As well as this, his race makes him more vulnerable and exposed to others easily, especially by Curler’s wife threatening him to be ‘strung up on a tree so easy it anti even funny’ which conveys to me that Crooks is used for other people’s pleasure and has no freedom or boundaries. However, he was born black. So he was born lonely which leads e to empathic for him more, despite Steinbeck still communicating the realistic idea of isolation on the ranch.
Furthermore, despite Curler’s wife being dominant towards Crooks, she was also born lonely- for women were considered as disability in 1 ass’s America, which is harsh but Steinbeck shows this very effectively. Curlers wife appearance may make her as an extremely attractive person, having ‘full rouged lips and wide-spaced eyes’ which to me reminds me of an image of Marilyn Monroe if we look at this from a modern generation, a controversial celebrity- which is Curlers wife’s American dream-which makes her all the ore vulnerable to her loneliness.
What makes her more exposed is the constant red imagery used in her appearance as well which not only represents a desire for romance in her life (which is failed by Curler for her loneliness has made her disappointingly upset) but also a sign of warning and danger in her life- an echo of the girl ‘in a red dress’ by Leonie who as a woman was treated as a disability and also uses red imagery.
Because of this, Curlers wife exposes herself too much and may face the consequences of this from Leonie because of her vulnerability. Not only this, but Curler’s wife s vulnerable because she has no name which in a sense, to me, suggests that she has no strong identity on the ranch and is treated as a social accessory, like Candy’s dog-also with her name.
So similarly to Crooks, her loneliness has made her bitter and more masculine which is shown towards the end of Section Four and is now treated as ‘ma’am’ by Crooks, which raises her hierarchy. Yet nevertheless, I feel that she is still lonely because she was never meant to be masculine so she is still in isolation with herself. Contrasting with all these characters, George + Leonie are a strong musicianship coming into the ranch with high expectations.
However, their initial descriptions convey their hierarchy already as Steinbeck says that ‘the first man was small and quick’ with ‘sharp, strong features’- which means to me that he is the dominant and masculine character in this relationship and can stand up against the world. Juxtaposing with this, Leonie is described as ‘a huge man, shapeless of face’ which may describe his feature- unbalanced and quite unsure of himself and the rest of the world compared to George.