The eventual conflicts that took place between Native North Americans and English settlers was not inevitable, meaning avoidable, because English were able to live amongst Native North Americans peacefully, relied on them as allies, and were able to cultural exchange and synchronize. Historical Context It is believed by archaeologists that thousands of years ago, Americans came from Asia as they were following animals across a land bridge that was created during the Ice Age. As the people came into America they began to journey east and south through many harsh environments.
They were known as very killed hunters and had adapted into their environment. ( history. Com ) By 1492, when Columbus arrived from Europe, he named the group of people he came in contact with first “Indians”, as he was searching for India believed that’s where he was. Decades later, as Natives began to make first encounters with European settlers, the population began to decrease as the Natives were being exposed to diseases such as smallpox, influenza, measles and other diseases as they lacked the natural immunities to European germs.
They were not used to this sickness. ( We Shall Remain/After The Mayflower) Many tribes lived in North America before the English, such as Protestants,which were people who were a group of English Protestants that didn’t agree with some of the ways of the Church of England began to arrive in the sass meeting with various tribes that were a part of the Algonquin. (pathos. Com) Many people had begun to depart from England to make a profit off the many resources they would find in America, therefore they sought out to gain more land.
In 1 607, three ships docked in Jamestown, making them the first English people to settle down in what is now the U. S. On the ship ere 103 people and they chose John Smith to governing council (naps. Gob). Before the sass, many Europeans came to America for trading for resources with the Natives to acquire furs, though; they had the English built a bad reputation for capture Eng and killing the Natives. In 1621, a group of pilgrims, people who migrate to places for religious reason, arrived and Were settling in what would become the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
As they settled they came across a tribe known as the Woman’s, who barely had any members left as they were struck with a terrible disease, thus desperate for allies. The two had agreed on forming an alliance, which they both depended on in order to survive. The two groups she both had celebrated the first Thanksgiving were celebrated by two groups to celebrate the colony’s first effective harvest. ( scholastic. Com) In 1622, an event known as The Indian Massacre, which was the Phaeton Confederacy trying to get rid of the colony of settlers, which was the spark of conflict as 300 people were killed ( overexploitation. Org). Possibilities of Peace In the sass, when English settlers arrived in New England, conflict amongst the two groups was not inevitable, as hey were able to live peacefully with each other in the first decade of English settlement. In 1621 , pilgrims left England on the Mayflower, hoping to have their own freedom of their religion and church. They settled in Massachusetts and began to settle e and begin to build up a civilization there, they met a group called the Woman’s, whom most of h ad been killed by an epidemic two years earlier. PBS) A documentary filmed by PBS called We Shall Remain: After the Mayflower explains that the Woman’s tribe and their leader Mastoid negotiated with the English colonists in order to come to a resolution that would inept both groups as the Woman’s decided to help them, in order to have their help. Neal Salisbury, a historian, explains in the film, either are strong personal relationshipscertainly going on among the leading political figures on each side and for all we know among all other individuals as well. (Salisbury) The t woo men who held the power amongst each group, known as Mastoid and Edward Winslow, both developed a very well developed relationship, as they respected each other very well and handled certain situations peacefully and without any problems. As this was happening other members of the tribes began to build relationships teen each other. This shows how both men who held power, were able to develop a relationship, allowing peace between each other.
As they interacted with each other and spent time with each other, such as Winslow taking care of Mastoid when he was ill and resolving any problems without violent action, they allowed time to build a relationship, which comes with trust and comfort. The two leaders’ ability to do this shows how conflict between members of their groups was avoidable. Edward Winslow wrote a letter describing the pilgrims’ relationship with the Woman’s. In the letter it says, ‘ ‘We have found the Indians very dutiful in their covenant of peace with us, very loving, and ready to pleasure us. We often go to them, and they come to us. ” (Winslow, 1621).
Winslow describes how the Woman’s were able to maintain the agreement of peace with the pilgrims, that well they cared for English settlers, and that both groups were able to provide for one another. This proves my claim because it shows that both groups were living peacefully with each other and providing for both sides with resources they needed. Both quotes show how Natives and English were able to live peacefully with each other as both men Of rower were able to develop relationships with one another, making groups feel that they were able to trust each other, and how they looked out for each other, showing con flick was avoidable.
Alliances As English settlers were arriving in the 16005 to America, they were coming in contact with many Native tribes: they began to rely on each other as allies. In 1607, a group funded by Virginia Company of London, had sent out 104 English men and boys (Jamestown and Yorktown Settlement Center), to make money of the resources they would find there. In an article published by the Jamestown and Yorktown Settlement Center, Phaeton met with settlers and attempted to form an alliance with them to take over some of the surrounding communities… (Jamestown and Yorktown Settlement Center) Basically this quote is saying how Phaeton, the chief of the Algonquin living in what would become the Virginia Colony, was trying to work side by the English settlers in order to take over other local people in order to obtain new weapons and tools from the English as a reward, since they helped the English get land and more resources. This proves my claim because it shows how the Phaeton and English settlers relied on ACH other as allies in order to cooperate to gain resources for each other to survive, showing how conflict was avoidable.
Another way both groups were shown to rely on each other was shown in the treaty made between the Woman’s and pilgrims in 1621. In the treaty it stated how both groups would protect each other if one is attacked, to do no harm to one another and equal control. In the documentary film, We Shall Remainder the Mayflower , created by PBS describes the interactions among the Woman’s and the early English settlers. A historian named Carver stated that groups’ treaty said, “Let us agree hen that if anyone unjustly attack you, that we will help you, and if unjustly attack us, and then you will help us. (Carver) The two different groups had set a treaty between both that they will both protect each other if either side had got attacked either by the Woman’s biggest enemies the Narragansett or the English get attack by other tribes surrounding them or other groups from different countries. This is supporting my claim because it shows how they relied on each other with their safety also showing a sign of trust as well. These two quotes prove my claim because as they were relying on one another as allies for retention and in order to gain resources for survival, it proves that conflict w as not inevitable.
Cultural Exchange and Synthetics Native North Americans in the sass were able to live peacefully with French settlers because they were able to combine and exchange cultures. French and English settlers both Originated from the continent known as Europe, meaning they’re both European. They both came from a society that was male dominant, patrimonial and Christian. They both had similar aspects, such as originating from the same place, allowing French to be similar to English settlers.
Therefore, the ability f some French settlers to avoid conflict with Native North Americans can be used to prove that English settlers could have done the same. Len the sass, the French fur traders settled in what is now Canada, where they met Native North Americans who were part of the Algonquian network of tribes, such as the Delaware, the Narragansett, the Peugeot, and the Woman’s Many of the settlers began to marry Native women. As that began to happen, there was cultural synthetics and cultural exchange. Cultural synthetics is where two cultures share traits and create one new one.
Cultural exchange is where cultures share traits, maintaining their ultra but adding new aspects. According to Susan Silversmith, who studied the marriage between French Fur Traders and Native Women, written an article about “Richard White’s conception of the ‘middle ground’ between both groups, explains of how Natives were able to come to an agreement that brought peace. She writes, “… Although access to trade enhanced (strengthened) power and influence of these Native women, they did not… Maintained their tribal identities. (Susan Silversmith) This quote is basically saying that with more trade goods increasing, they stayed true to who they were and there was never a problem with it. This proves my claim because as the two groups began to synchronize aspects of one culture voluntarily; therefore this allowed conflict to be avoidable. There are other ways to show how Native North Americans and English settlers were able to culturally exchange. As the English were beginning to settle down in America, the Natives were helping them to farm, in order to help the English survive in their first years in America.
They taught them how to grow many different crops as it says, “American Indians taught European colonists to grow many varieties of the corn including yellow, red, blue, pink, and lack kernels, often banded, spotted, or striped… The new settlers to America began to depend on corn as one of the most important farm crops. ” (www. Campsites. Org) This quote says that as English began to settle in, Natives were teaching English to farm corn, and after a while, the English began to view Corn as important Of their daily uses, one big one being able to feed their family.
This proves my claim because the settlers didn’t leave their culture or betray it in order to learn to farm using native methods, they maintained their culture just adapting an aspect of another culture to their lifestyle, creating a bond by immunization. Both sources prove that conflict between European settlers and Native Americans was not inevitable because since they were able to merge cultures or exchange ideas, nothing was destroyed, show inning no conflict. Counterclaim Many other historians will argue that Native and English settlers’ conflict was inevitable.
In the sass’s, as English settlers were landing in America, many Europeans were seeing Native Americans as an obstacle, who were in the way of reaching the goal of acquiring land. Because of the religious and economic reasons that drove them, many English settlers would do whatever actions hat must be use to reach it making conflict inevitable. In an article, that talks about Native American and European conflict, it says “The Europeans brought with them not only a desire and will to conquer the new continent to all its material richness… Considered Indians t o be nomads with no interest to claim land ownership. (inkstand. Com). This quote is basically saying how the Europeans came to the New World, for the reason to acquire all the land that had the resources they wanted and also saw that Indians didn’t have a permanent house in the area so they didn’t have right ownership of the land. This quote can prove that conflict was inevitable because, since the Europeans already had a mindset where they weren’t going to make friends, they were just going to go and acquire land and as they felt the Natives had no ownership of the land they wanted, they saw that as an opportunity to conquer the land.
To the Indians, who viewed land as having spiritual meaning so for the English to just take it without asking they made conflict inevitable. There Were many ways throughout English settlers’ meetings with Natives that had conflict in them because they were seen as obstacles in their way. Settlers known as Puritan, saw Indians as “lazy savage who accepted life in the wild. ” (Prentice Hall U. S. Textbook, 2008 ) They began to take steps in America to remake England, such as making English style barns and houses. In 1636, they were accusing the Peugeot of killing an English trader.
Many events started to take place that caused the killing of both groups. ( Prentice Hall U. S. Textbook, 2008) An article which is titled Conflict With the Native Americans which is a secondary source out Of Prentice Hall U. S. History Textbook, focuses on how Puritans began a war known as the Peugeot War, which was Narragansett Alliance with English against the Peugeot. Peugeot ended up losing and had 600 dead. The article says, ‘ ‘The missionaries forced the propagation Indians to abandon their traditional and to don English clothing… E to forsake hunting and fishing in favor of farming. “( Prentice Hall U. S. Textbook, 2008) This quote is saying how men who were in Praying Towns, which were ways to convert Natives to Christianity, were making the Natives leave back all their traditions that they’ve carried for years, and accustoming to English traditions. The praying towns were examples of English settlers’ attempts to destroy Native culture in order to gain control of land by forcing assimilation. English forced the Natives to drop farming and hunting, make them follow the English division of gender rules.
T here taking away who they really are, and that proves the claim of how conflict was inevitable. As you can see, this evidence shows how conflict could be seen as unavoidable, because of how the Europeans took power into their hand and forced Natives to assimilate into the Eire culture and were only determined to get land not worrying about who owns or anything thefts just going to take it. However, I still believe hat my thesis is correct; that there was a period of time where both groups were able to live amongst each other without a conflict.
They were able to share resources, share knowledge with each other and work with each other. If the two groups could live together without conflict for a time, it was possible for it to continue happening. The power was shared equally, and relationship were being created, they were both benefiting of each other for survival. None had to take the further Step to try and become more domino ant than the other. Conclusion: As two groups known as the Native North Americans and English tattlers were able to live peacefully with each other and having to rely on each other, and conflict avoidable.
As I wrote about how Natives were able to live peacefully among each other and how exchanging cultures was a sign of how each group was comfortable adding new aspects from another culture and how relying on each other as alias was a way of trust as their safety was in each other hands and helping each to get resources to survive making the conflict between both avoidable. Although, how was all this able to occur with people that seemed “alien” to you and what if the Natives weren’t gullible?
Knowing about he Native North Americans stories that were never talked about is important because it shows us the actual truth about what happened not just one side because you will not understand the entire history. Native American history is just as important as any other culture. They were the ones that help progress the development of the Nation. They helped and shared their tactics with European settlers in order for them to SSL_Survive on their land. Native people had the first cultures in the Americas. Civilizations were created and developed because of Native Americans of all of them from North and South America.