There are many factors of human trafficking such s cultural factors, corruption and law enforcement are weak and poverty. There are many factors that caused this social plague. First and foremost, women’s role in the family. Although cultural norm stress that a women’s place is at home as wife and mother, it is acknowledged that women may have to become supplementary wage earners in times of family need. A sense of duty and obligation drives many women migrate for work in order to support their families. Other than that, children’s role in their respective family.
Obedience to parents and obligation to support the family makes hillier vulnerable to trafficking. Child labor, child migration for work and child bonded labor are deemed acceptable family financial strategies to survive. Followed by another factor which is early marriage. From here, it is known that early marriage has serious implications for girls, including health hazards, the end of schooling, limited economic opportunities, disruption of personal development, and, often, early divorce. Divorced girls are legally seen as adults and are vulnerable to trafficking as a result their economic vulnerability.
Apart from that, other factor is history of bonded labor. This is a practice of renting out ones labor or that of a family member to pay off a loan is an accepted family survival strategy. People placed into bonded labor are especially vulnerable to abusive and slave-like work conditions. Moving on, corruption and law enforcement is too weak that promotes human trafficking. It is proven when traffickers can often bribe by corrupt law enforcement and immigration officials to overlook criminal activities.
Public administrators can also be bribed to falsify information on ID cards, birth artifices, and passports, making migrant workers more vulnerable to trafficking due to illegal migration. In addition, lack Of State funds budgeted for counter trafficking efforts hampers law enforcers ability to effectively deter and prosecute traffickers. The biggest corruption ever is ‘Police Corruption’. This is sadly an unfortunate but true phenomenon of our society. It is unfortunate that in such circumstances as those surrounding human trafficking because those who are very fit assist trafficked persons cannot always counted on to help.
Sometimes the victim had prior negative experience with law enforcement, which makes them fear the police and in general distrust the institutions and people who are supposed to help. For some police receive pay regardless of the distributor to see how other suppliers are not always aware of a reliable in their local police department. The supplier does not need to call the police when they identified a trafficked person, the assistance hotlist will know what to do and who to trust in law enforcement. Furthermore, suppliers need to ensure patients that the police ill not be called without their permission.
Note that this does not mean that all law enforcement is corrupt, but those who have tainted the reputation of some institutions and the result are trafficked persons in general, do not trust law enforcement officers. It takes a lot of time and effort to rebuild the trust and local anti-trafficking in persons qualified to help rebuild the trust. Poverty is also one of the main reasons causing human trafficking. Poverty has forced many household to develop strategies of life including migration or employment, labor, and bonded labor hires someone to pay a debt or loan.
This brings us back to some cultural factors such as history of bonded labor, children’s and women’s role in the family. As a conclusion, human trafficking is multi-billion dollar enterprise of crime and sexual exploitation of labor, destroying lives and tearing apart families. Action to be taken by governments of countries of origin, transit, and destination, regional and international organizations is to consider the ratification and enforcement of international conventions on trafficking and slavery.
Take appropriate steps to address the root factors, including external factors, which promote trade of women and girls for prostitution and other forms of commercialese sex, forced marriages and forced labor, to eliminate the trade of women, including by strengthening the legal existing laws with the view to providing better protection rights of women and girls and to punish the offender, through measures of both criminal and civil. Enhance cooperation and concerted action by all relevant authorities and law enforcement institutions in order to regularity the national networks, congenial and international trade.