To function properly the body has systems to maintain homeostasis, the maintenance of a steady internal state, despite changes in external or internal conditions. Homeostasis is maintained through negative feedback and positive feedback systems. Homeostasis enables body systems of a human being to function as expected because of proper temperature regulation. When someone has to be placed on dialysis their body goes through a process that waste products are excreted from our bodies artificially by a process called diffusion.
This process of removal of waste products In a healthy person is facilitated by kidneys. People that is diagnosed with kidney failure experiences problems with waste removal this is where dialysis comes into place. People with renal failure and are in the process of dialysis have been known to have several homeostasis imbalances. One of the major effects is electrolyte imbalance and this usually lead to different types of conditions. One of these condition known as hyperemia may occur if calcium levels exceed the amount that can be excreted.
Another condition hat may arise in the course of dialysis is arrhythmias (Elsevier,201 3). This can lead to electrolyte imbalance and changes in homeostasis of acid and base. Other issues that can arise related to increased removal of fluid volumes include low blood pressure, cramping as well as muscle spasms. During dialysis, there is a high possibility of damage to the normal net filtration pressure due to increased membrane permeability and this as well leads to homeostasis imbalance.
Dialysis causes biochemical and toxic effects as a result of hemolytic and this may destroy red blood cells. Other homeostasis imbalances include thrombosis, dehydration, and hypertension. Since most Of our body systems functions through regulation by enzymes, body temperature regulation is important for proper functioning of these enzymes (Linton. , 2013). Getting enough rest, exercising and eating a well balanced diet to maintain homeostasis balance. The connection between water and salt in our body is that the two play a key role in determination of the volume of blood.
Blood volume is mainly determined by the amount of salt and water ingested in our body, excreted to urine by kidneys and lungs, and skin (Linton, 2013). The volume of blood in our body is not constant due to variability in the amount water and salt that is ingested and excreted. To maintain blood volume within the recommended range, the kidneys functions to regulate both the amount of salt and water that is excreted to urine (Linton, 2013). The main mechanism deployed by the kidneys when regulation the volume of blood in our bodies is through adjusting the amount of salt and water excreted to the urine.
Like when the volume of blood increases above normal range, the pressure on the blood arteries also increases leading increased renal perfusion (Elsevier, 2013). As the rate of globular filtration rises, the amount of water and salt excreted to urine also rises thus reducing the volume of blood to the normal range. When the blood volumes decrease below the normal range, the rate of globular filtration also decreases due to both decreased arterial blood pressure and renal perfusion. This functions to reduce the amount of water and salt that is lost to the urine thus increasing the blood volume to normal.
This mechanism of blood volume regulation is known as pressure antiquaries (Elsevier, 2013). Other mechanisms that function to maintain blood volume actually utilizes the same principle though they are regulated by various hormones and enzymes.