This suggests that many of the Americans were racist and agreed with setting up the quota system this was the system which was put in to place in 1921 he quota system was introduced in 1921 they introduced it because it limited the number of southern and eastern Europeans entering the country. This means that when the quota System was put in place it meant that it was a victory for the WASPs because they did not like many of the recent immigrants who came from southern or Eastern Europe.
This meant that there were too many people coming into the country so they tried to limit the numbers in which is what the WASPs wanted as they did not want immigrants from southern and Eastern Europe this was because they only wanted white, Anglo Saxon or protestant. Question 8: Explain the consequences of Prohibition for the USA in the 1 sass The consequences of the prohibition for the USA in the sass was that prohibition made the number of crime increase this include people smuggling alcohol in to the country.
This was because speakeasies opened up and people liked the moonshine. Consumption of alcohol did not fall and some died from the drink made in illegal stills. Another consequence for prohibition was the banning of alcohol made it more attractive to the Americans this was because of this made many of the smugglers made huge amounts of money illegally. Huge profits were made by gangsters such as AH Capons, who controlled cities through violence and bribery.
This also made Americans want to have alcohol more as they knew it was illegal at this point however, because alcohol was extremely addictive so the Americans didn’t care even if it was illegal in America. The final consequence of prohibition was that it was costing too much money and was too difficult to enforce, with the depression it was better to make alcohol legal again also they created jobs for the unemployed and made money through taxation. Gangsters on the other bribed the police and the judges in the court which meant that prohibition did not work.
Question 9: How useful is source F for studying attitudes toward the UK Klux Klan in the ASSAI in the sass? Source f is not that useful as they are songs about the ASK this cannot be useful as they could have been made up and not of been about the how the ASK another reason for why source f is not useful as the source was only used because it was just using the American flag and the uniforms that the ASK wears to sell copies of the songs. However, it is also useful because it shows the flag of The United States of America.
Source f is also useful for wowing that many of the Americans saw the ASK members as being true American. Depression and the New Deal: The ASSAI, 1929-1941 Question 14 Why was there criticism of the New Deal in the USA in the years 1933 to 1939? Although Roosevelt had cut unemployment by 1937 from 12 million to 6 million, he decided to cut back on some of his programmer which he brought in to action this was because there was criticism and also that they were costing too much and putting the government in debt. Yet he was criticized again when unemployment went increased to 10 million people as a result.
Even when he started spending again, he was criticized because unemployment remained at nearly 10 million in 1 939 and business was still 25% less than in early 1929. One reason for criticism from individuals was that the New Deal was not doing enough. Hey Long, Democratic Governor of Louisiana, said the poor needed more and rich people’s wealth of over $3 million should be confiscated and given to the poor. Francis Townsend had a similar reason for criticism: he wanted Old Age Pensioners to get $200 a month.
Republicans criticized the New Deal because of high taxes and regulations like in the NEAR this was because they restricted what genuineness could do. The Supreme Court also criticized the New Deal on legal grounds. They said some measures, for example the NEAR and AAA went against the Constitution, the NEAR because it tried to impose rules about competition, and the AAA because it ‘coerced’ farmers into producing less for a subsidy. Question 15 ‘President Hover’s failure to deal with the Depression in the years 1929-1932 made sure that Roosevelt would be elected as President. How far do you agree with this interpretation? Explain your answer. In 1 931 Herbert Hoover said of the Depression as ‘no one is actually starving. This attitude of rugged individualism and his declarations that recovery was around the corner, along with his weak response to the Depression, meant that by 1932, when Roosevelt campaigned with his New Deal, America wanted a change of President. The interpretation that it was Hover’s failures that enabled Roosevelt to succeed has much to commend it.
Hoover responded poorly to the Great Depression as is implied by the use of the term ‘Hoverflies’ for the shanty towns that appeared around cities, as an insult to the President. A popular slogan of the time was ‘In Hoover we rusted, now we are busted’; suggesting that most Americans thought the President had failed them and should be replaced. Hoovers reluctance to abolish prohibition was also damaging to his reputation as it would have created thousands of jobs and helped win back support – as well as depriving gangsters of their livelihood. In fact, the interpretation is rather unfair on Hoover.
He, was like everyone else, could not possibly have foreseen the scale of the Depression when it started. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation and the Farm Board were set up, but did not have enough money or power to cake any difference in aiding recovery. He also was forced to approve the Emergency Relief Act in 1932 which provided 300 million dollars to states to help the unemployed. He also responded negatively to events such as the Bonus Marches of 1 932 when 1 5000 veterans peacefully marched to Washington to demand their post-war bonus early.
Hoover responded by sending in the army, killing two babies, and his reputation was damaged further. Despite Hover’s failure to deal with the Depression it can be argued that Roosevelt tactics in campaigning were more important in securing his story. By meeting unemployed people and promising to abolish prohibition during this campaign, Roosevelt appealed to the voters and increased his chances of victory. Hoover talked boldly about providing leadership and action, without being too precise over any details. In conclusion, the interpretation is flawed.
Although Hover’s weak response to the Depression, when 25% of the workforce was unemployed, meant that America wanted an alternative, it did not necessarily secure Roosevelt success. Roosevelt tactical and effective campaigns are what secured his success and made him he first Democratic president to be elected in 1 6 years since Woodrow Willow’s re-election in 1916. However, although the campaign won him a landslide victory in terms Of 42 out Of 48 States, it is important to remember that Hoover still got 40% of the popular vote.
Hence the interpretation would be more accurate if it argued that Hover’s weak response to the Depression provided the circumstances that allowed Roosevelt style of campaigning to flourish and succeed. War in Vietnam, 1954-1975 Question 18: Explain the consequences of French defeat in Vietnam in 1 954 or both Vietnam and the LISA. The French were defeated at Dine Been PH meant that the Viet Mini had succeeded in driving the French out of Vietnam after an eight struggle of French trying to stay in Vietnam. About 8000 Viet Mini died in the battle of Dine Been PH.
The immediate consequence was the beginning of the Geneva Conference to decide on Vietnamese future. This led to the Geneva Accords, dividing Vietnam in half at the 1 7th parallel. The North would be communist, ruled by Ho Chi Mini when he returned from hiding, and Mongo Ding Diem would be Prime Minister of the South. Elections ere to be held in two years to reunify the country. However, the deadline passed without the elections being held. As a result, Ho Chi Mini was determined to fight for unification, building the Ho Chi Mini trail in 1 959 to get troops and supplies into South Vietnam. 000 guerrillas were sent in that year. Diem, President in the south since 1955, put down as many guerrillas as he could. The US sent aid to Diem. Question 19: ‘Media coverage of the Vietnam War was the most important reason for growing demands for peace from the American public. ‘ How far do you agree with this interpretation? Explain your answer. Firstly, there was an increase in the media coverage of the war meant that any mistake by the American forces was scrutinized by the public.
F-or example, the Et Offensive in 1968 when PVC fighters took the American embassy, the American public were outraged that such a thing could happen and blamed it on the incompetence of the military’. This lead to demands for peace. Secondly, TV coverage meant that people could see the horrors of modern day war, which made them wonder if they were fighting for the right cause. The famous images captured include a girl fleeing from a palm attack (clothes blown away by the force crying in pain) and the execution of a PVC fighter in the Et Offensive at point-blank range.
Both of the images taken made the American public question whether the army was doing the right thing and conducting themselves properly – which led to demands for withdrawal. Therefore the effects of TV and media coverage were very important. For instance, anti-war protests were often televised and were widespread throughout the US. It is estimated that 700,000 people marched in Washington overall and the televising of these protests made America seem on the brink of a revolution. The protests became more and more popular thanks to media coverage which only led to more and more demands for peace.
On the other hand, there would have not been a problem with TV and media coverage if the IIS army had conducted themselves properly in Vietnam. For example, Zippy raids were verging on inhumane and search and destroy tactics Were scrutinized critically. You could argue that these peace calls only came because the IIS army did not fight with dignity or decency – which is why coverage of the war appeared so bad. When, over a year after the event, details of the My Alai massacre were published, the whole of America was horrified.