She is seen to be a mother figure who is tangible, approachable, and all accepting, she is also ladled described as compassion in liquid form. 3. Note some important facets of the Harp culture (Indus Valley Civilization). The Harp culture was very advanced for an accent civilization, it had straight mapped roads that were planned like modern roads. The homes were two Story homes that had indoor plumbing systems. The people of this ancient civilization also had a written language, unfortunately this language has yet to be dickered. 4. What are Veda?
Sanskrit? The Veda are the original scriptures of the Hindu religion, the are considered the most sacred writings in India. Sanskrit is the remarry liturgical language of Hinduism. It is considered a philosophical language and is used in many of the Hindu writings. 5. Who are Aryans? The Aryans are a racial grouping that was commonly used in the earlier centuries to describe Caucasian people. 6. Explain the “Aryan invasion theory. ” The Aryan invasion theory is a weak theory that attempts to explain how the Indus Valley Civilization was wiped out.
The theory states that a large invasion of the Aryan people drove out the Indus Valley Civilization and then left shortly after. 7. Explain the “Aryan migration theory. ” The Aryan migration theory is a trotter theory that is more likely to have occurred. This theory states that the Aryan people gradually migrated in after the previous people forearmed the land and slowly left. 8. Define these gods: Day;s Pit, Indri, Again, Squash, Vishnu, Usury, and Soma. Day;s Pit means “shining father”, this god is very similar to the Greek god Zeus, and the Roman god Jupiter. Indri is the god of rain and thunderstorms.
He wields a lighting bolt known a Vassar and rides on a white elephant. Again is the god of fire and he also acts as a sort of deliverer of sacrifices from the people to other gods. Squash IS an exalted goddess who s prominent in the Rig Veda. She is meant to be the dawn which drives away darkness and evil spirits. She is portrayed as a beautiful young woman who rides on a golden chariot. Vishnu is a Hindu god who is viewed as the preserver and protector of mankind and nature. Usury is the chief solar deity who is known as the “supreme light” and generally refers to the sun.
Soma is said to course through all living things, he is said to be the god of poets and the moon. He is also the god of the dead and is known as the cure for evil. 9. Define the four basic text collections that make up the Veda. The Received, he Hazarded, the Sambaed, and the Traveled, each Veda is split into four subtexts that all contain different information and teachings. 10. What are Brahmas and Ransacks? The Brahmas are a collection of ancient Indian texts with commentaries on the Veda. The Ransacks are also intent Adding texts, but these discuss the subject of sacrificial ceremonies.
Guided Reading Questions 2 1. What is Axis Age? The Axis Age is the period from 800 to BBC, during this period many similar ways of thinking appeared in many differed countries, including most of the western world. 2. Define Pinheads. In what form were they usually written? Pinheads are a collection of texts in the Vided Sanskrit language which contain the earliest records of some of the central religious concepts in Hinduism. The Pinheads are considered by Hindus to reveal truths that concern the nature of ultimate reality and describe the character and form of salvation for mankind. . Explain Brahmas. Brahmas is called the Supreme Self, he is considered beyond time and space, causation. He is limitless, he is tranquil,and he is said to shine with equal effulgence in all bodies. He cannot be contained to any particular thing. 4. Explain Atman. Atman refers to the non-material self, which never changes. It is distinct from both the mind and the external body. 5. Explain Maya. Maya means “that which is not”(an illusion). It refers to accepting the temporary as having lasting value, and looking for continuous happiness in this world. 6. Explain Karma.
Karma is the belief that what goes around comes around. So, it is the belief that if you do something bad then something bad will be done to you and that if you do something good then something of equal good will be done to you. 7. Explain samara. Samara refers to the process of passing room one body to another throughout all species of life. Hindus believe that consciousness is present in all life forms, even fish and plants. 8. Explain mimosa. Mimosa means freedom, liberation. Mimosa has been defined not merely as absence of suffering and release from bondage to SamRA. A state of peace ad bliss.
Guided Reading Questions 3 (86-93) 1. What is Baghdad Gait? It is an exert from the Inhabitant which contains the first time god ever spoke directly to humanity in their religion. 2. What is Inhabitant? It is the history of the ancient Indian dynasty, also known as the great story of the Baristas. 3. Who is Aragua? What is his struggle? Aragua was the 3rd of the Panda brothers. He is seen as the protagonist of the story with Krishna and plays a key role in the Baghdad Gait. As the battle draws close, Aragua is overcome with self-doubt about the righteousness of the war against his own kith and kin.
He is distraught at the thought of having to fight with his friends and family such as his dear teacher, Drone and grandkids. 4. Who is Krishna? What answer does he give to Aragua? What do you think of the answer Krishna gives Aragua? Should you do your duty, even if doing so is against moral principles you may hold? Why or why not? Krishna is considered the supreme god,he is worshiped across many traditions of Hinduism in a variety of different perspectives. Krishna is recognized as the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu Krishna is the principal protagonist with Aragua in the Song of God.
His response was this: “Aragua, do not engage in philosophical analyses at this point of time like a Pundit… Moreover, you Aragua, are only a mortal appointee to carry out my divine will, since the Karakas are destined to die either way, due to their heap of sins. Open your eyes O Barrett and know that I encompass the Kart, Karma and Karri, all in myself. There is no scope for contemplation now or remorse later, it is indeed time for war and the world will remember your might and immense powers for time to come. So rise O Aragua! Tighten up your Candida and let all directions shiver till their farthest horizons, by the reverberation of its string. ” personally think that family comes first before war. But, I am Christian, and it is my duty to serve God first and family second. This means that my moral code is dictated by what the Lord God says. Thus being said, I believe we ought to follow our moral principals first hen do our duty. Humans are more powerful than robots or machines because of our ability to feel and to follow our own codes of morals. If we did not uphold these moral codes, then what could separate us from animals? 5.
Define caste system. The caste system is the the division of society into five hierarchical social classes with impersonal and religious significance. 6 Name and explain the five castes. The Candelas caste is the caste made up of the outcast’s, these are generally shunned do their polluting lifestyles. The next caste are the Shudder, these are the servants. Next are the Visual, this class insists of merchants and the people of this class are associated with property and commerce. Next is the Stratify caste, this caste consists of warrior/rulers. They help provide social protection and traditionally work in the government.
Next is the highest caste the Brahmins, they are traditionally priests and they perform the religion duties of leadership. 7. Explain the four stages of life. Pharmacy’s – This is a period of formal education. It lasts until the age of 25, during which, the young male leaves home to stay with a guru and attain both spiritual and practical knowledge. During this period, he s called a brachium, and is prepared for his future profession, as well as for his family, and social and religious life ahead. Grittiest – This period begins when a man gets married, and undertakes the responsibility for earning a living and supporting his family.
At this stage, Hinduism supports the pursuit of wealth as a necessity, and indulgence in sexual pleasure, under certain defined social and cosmic norms. This ashrams lasts until around the age of 50. Pantographs – This stage of a man begins when his duty as a householder comes to an end: He has become a grandfather, his children are rowan up, and have established lives of their own. At this age, he should renounce all physical, material and sexual pleasures, retire from his social and professional life, leave his home, and go to live in a forest hut, spending his time in prayers.
He is allowed to take his wife along but is supposed to maintain little contact with the family. Santayana – During this stage, a man is supposed to be totally devoted to God. He is a gainsays, he has no home, no other attachment; he has renounced all desires, fears and hopes, duties and responsibilities. He is virtually merged with God, all his worldly ties are Rosen, and his sole concern becomes attaining mimosa, or release from the circle of birth and death. 8. What are the three goals of life in Hinduism? The three life-affirming goals are Dharma(virtue), Earth(success) and Kamala(pleasure). 9. What does yoga mean?
What does marks mean? Yoga is a Hindu spiritual and ascetic discipline, a part of which, including breath control, simple meditation, and the adoption of specific bodily postures, is widely practiced for health and relaxation. Marks is a path toward, or way of reaching salvation. The epic Vagabonding describes Joana-Marge, the way f knowledge; karma-Marge the way of action; and backbit-Marge, the way of devotion and self-surrender to God. 10. Explain Joana yoga. Joana yoga is knowing beyond name and form through pure understanding of the nature of doer, who when seen in clarity results in liberation.
This path is different from other forms of Yoga in a sense that other form emphasizes on a structured way of experiencing reality through a process of crystallization carried by doing different forms of meditation. However this path simply states that only knowing is enough. 11. Who is Shank? Dad Shank was Hindu philosopher and theologian from India, most renowned exponent of the Davit Pedant school of philosophy, from whose doctrines the main currents of modern Indian thought are derived. 12. Explain karma yoga. Karma Yoga is a form of yoga based on the teachings of the Baghdad Gait.
Of the three paths to realization, karma yoga is the process of achieving perfection in action. Karma yoga is said to be the most effective way to progress in spiritual life. 13. Explain Backbit yoga. Backbit yoga is a spiritual path or spiritual practice within Hinduism focused on the cultivation of love and devotion toward God. It has been defined as a practice of devotion toward God, solely motivated by the sincere, loving desire to please God, rather than the hope of divine reward or the fear of divine punishment. 14. Explain Raja yoga.
In historical context, it was the ultimate stage of yoga practice, one nearing Ashamed. The modern rotenone was introduced in the 19th-century Swami Vaccinated to differentiate it as the form of yoga that includes the yoga of mind. 15. Explain hath yoga. Hath Yoga is the foundation of all Yoga styles. The word hap denotes a system of physical techniques supplementary to a broad conception of yoga. It incorporates Saunas,Paraguayan, meditation, and kindling into a complete system that can be used to achieve enlightenment or self-realization. 16. Explain kindling yoga.
Kindling yoga derives its name through a focus on awakening kindling energy through regular practice of meditation, Paraguayan, chanting mantra and yoga asana. Guided Reading Questions 4 (up. 94-100) 1. What is backbit? Who follows this path? Backbit refers to religious devotion of a devotee in the worship of the divine. Within Hinduism, it is the love felt by the worshipper towards their personal God, a concept expressed in Hindu hello as l*a-deviate. It is offered to anyone at anytime, so in everyone has the option to follow it. What is Pups? What does it involve?
Pups is a prayer ritual performed by Hindus to host, honor and worship one or more deities, or to spiritually celebrate an event. Sometimes spelled phonetically as poops or poach, it may honor or celebrate the presence of special guest(s), or their memories after they pass away. The word p;j comes from Sanskrit, and means reverence, honor, homage, adoration, and worship. The steps are: the deity is invited as a guest, the devotee hosts and takes care f the deity as an honored guest, hymns and food are offered to the deity, after an expression of love and respect the host takes leave and with affection expresses good bye to the deity. . What strumming? Tritium is a concept in Hinduism “in which the cosmic functions of creation, maintenance, and destruction are personified by the forms of Brahmas the creator, Vishnu the preserver and Shiva the destroyer or transformer. ” 5. Who is Brahmas? Brahmas is the Hindu god of creation and one of the Tritium. He is the father of Mann, and from Mann all human beings are descended. He is often referred to as the progenitor or great grandkids of all unman beings. 6. Who is Vishnu? Vishnu sis Hindu god, the Supreme God of Passivism and one of the three supreme deities of Hinduism. 7. What are avatars?
Who are two most famous avatars? In Hinduism, an avatar, is the incarnation of an Immortal Being, or of the ultimate Supreme Being. Buddha is typically thought to be the ninth avatar of Vishnu and is very famous, and the most famous of all of Vishnu incarnations is Lord Krishna. 8. Who is Shiva? Shiva is one of the main deities of Hinduism. He is the supreme god within Shaving, one of the three most influential denominations in contemporary Hinduism. He is one of the five primary forms of God in the Smart tradition, and “the Destroyer” or “the Transformer “among the Tritium, the Hindu Trinity of the primary aspects of the divine.
Guided Reading Questions 5 (100-108) 1. Who is Devil? Who are the most popular manifestations of the Great Mother (Mohammed)? Describe each. The Great Goddess, known in India as Devil has many guises. She is “Ma” the gentle and approachable mother. As Gannett, or Mother of the universe, she assumes cosmic proportions, destroying evil and addressing herself to the creation and dissolution Of the worlds. She is worshiped by thousands of names that often reflect local customs and legends. She is one and she is many.
She is often identified with a specific Goddess, the most common being Durra, Parity, Dad Parasitic, Kali or Mikhail. Durra is the principal form of the Goddess. Durra was created for the slaying of the buffalo demon Mishmashes by Brahmas, Vishnu, Shiva, and the lesser gods, who were otherwise powerless to overcome him. Embodying their collective energy she is both derivative from the male divinities and the manifested representation of their power. Parity is the Hindu goddess of love, fertility and devotion. She is the gentle and nurturing aspect of Hindu goddess Shasta.
Also, she is popularly known as the Goddess and source of power and beauty. She is the perfect incarnation of Dad Para Kiths. She is the mother goddess in Hinduism and has many attributes and aspects. Dad Parasitic is the Supreme Being and recognized as Para Brahmas. She is also known as “Pram” means supreme, “Stay” means the Truth as per many Shasta texts. The Devil Baguette Anaphora suggests that Dad Parasitic is the original creator, observer and destroyer of the whole universe. Call is the Hindu goddess associated tit empowerment, or Shasta. She is the fierce aspect of the goddess.
The name Kali comes from kla, which means black, time, death, lord of death: Shiva. Since Shiva is called Kla-? the eternal time -? the name of KIL, his consort, also means “Time” or ‘Death. ” Hence, KIL is the Goddess of Time, Change, Power and Destruction. Although sometimes presented as dark and violent, her earliest incarnation as a figure of annihilation of evil forces still has some influence. Mikhail is the Hindu Goddess of time and death, considered to be the consort of Shiva the God of consciousness, and the axis of Reality and existence. 2. What is shakiest?
Shakiest is the primordial cosmic energy and represents the dynamic forces that are thought to move through the entire universe in Hinduism. Shakiest is the concept, or personification, of divine feminine creative power, sometimes referred to as ‘The Great Divine Mother’ in Hinduism. 3. Who is Shirtwaist? Alkalis? Shirtwaist is the Goddess of leaning knowledge, and wisdom. Sarasota means “the essence of the self. ” Shirtwaist is represented in Hindu mythology as the divine consort of Lord Brahmas, the Creator of the universe. Goddess Alkalis means Good Luck to Hindus.