How does Joe express his PAIN? First of all, throughout the whole article, Joe writes in first person and uses the words “l” and “me” to refer to himself. This shows how real the feelings are and all the expressions are direct and personal. Further, this also shows that he is alone in facing all these difficulties without any help. Secondly, Joe uses a lot of metaphor expressions about fire and water to describe the extreme extent of physical pains during the mountaineering accident.
For fire expressions, he uses in the second paragraph “a fierce burning fire” to describe how painful he feels, as if some burning fire is inside his thigh. In the third paragraph, he says that the pain “burnt my groin”, reflecting how serious his pain is. In the fifth paragraph, these are further intensified by saying “my knee exploded” and “fireball rushed from groin to knee”. For water expressions, the phrase “pain flooded down my thigh” strongly shows that his thigh is overwhelmed with the pain.
Later in the fourth paragraph, the expression of “a wave of nausea surged over me” reflects the extremeness of such nausea feeling. Thirdly, Joe uses strong direct words or phrases and to intensify his pain – “shattering blow in my knee”, “bones splitting”, “bones grated” and “ragged asps”. Simple short and direct words, like “screamed’ and “cried out’ are used in first and second paragraphs. The visual verbs indicate how seriously the knee is broken, like “ruptured, twisted, crushed”. Emotive words like “my knee exploded” are used.
Furthermore, ellipses and short sentences, commas and breaks, e. G. “My leg… My leg! ” indicate urgency. The ellipses after ‘through the knee joint…. ” In the fifth paragraph suggests that Joe is too painful to continue with the sentence. How does Joe express his FEAR? Joe writes a lot about his physical pain in his groin and his knee due to the Rosen leg and uses fire and water metaphors to intensify the pain, e. G. “a fierce burning fire”, “pain flooded”, “my knee exploded” and “fireball rushed from groin to knee”.
These highlight how serious and desperate his situation is, and he is helpless in the situation. Secondly, Joe uses strong powerful and emotive words or phrases in expressing his fear. He uses “screamed’ twice in the first paragraph, and again in the fifth paragraph, as well as “cried out” his pain to show his panic. His “ragged gasps” and thoughts which “raced madly” also convey his fear. In the last paragraph, the word “teetering on the edge” may suggest both his ungenerous situation physically and a metaphor of his feeling. Thirdly, the language structure also displays terrible images to the readers.
After the extreme speed of falling in the first paragraph, the “still, silent” situation at the beginning of the second paragraph suggest horror to readers. Joe tries to calm down himself and ease his pain by pressing his face into the cold snow, showing that he is panic, and that he is lack of other means to ease his pain and nervousness. In using alliteration like “dark with dread”, Joe exaggerates his panic and in fact, he states directly that “I felt the dark Hough break into panic”. In using sibilance (e. G. Bones splitting and screamed), Joe makes the situation more scary.
Furthermore, short sentences, commas and breaks, e. G. “My leg!… My leg! ” indicate urgency, the speed of the accident and his fear. “Eve broken my leg, that’s it. I’m dead”. These simple expressions are so direct, vivid and frank to convey his agony. Repetition is to emphasize the effect. Apart from these , Joe uses ellipses to show the tension and his tying not to face the reality. In the fourth paragraph, his dramatic thought about “I’m dead” is originated from “Everyone said it….. If there’s just Into a death sentence…. , if it is broken…. If… “.
The use of ellipses here indicate that some pessimistic thoughts have come up to him but he tries to avoid thinking about them, showing his extreme fear. Besides, Joe also uses direct speech to express his immediate feelings frankly and vividly. In the second paragraph, he screams to himself “My leg!… My leg! ” In the fourth paragraph, he even has the dramatic thought that “I’m dead”. The simple questions to himself in the last paragraph “Left here? ” “Alone? ” suggest that he anticipates loneliness and is pathetic. He also tries to alma himself by telling himself “maybe I’ve just ripped something”.
Moreover, Joey’s use of prolepsis shows his exhaustion and hopelessness. He says to himself “I’m dead”. He predicts that he “would never get over it” and Simon ‘Would leave me”, showing his desperateness. Joey’s mentioning about the reality of where he is, “above 19,000 feet, still on the ridge” suggests that he cannot get anyone to help and he is “very much alone” and thus he is panic. Joe also uses modal verbs, like “l would panic”, “l would never get over it” and “l could feel myself teetering’ to show his anticipation of a bleak future.