Accounts of terrorism existed before the word itself was invented. Terror comes from the Latin word terror, which means frighten or tremble. Trembling and frightening here are synonyms for fear, panic, and anxiety-?this we would naturally call terror. The word terror is over 2, 100 years old. Terrorism is distinct from regular crime because of its powerful objectives. Terrorism has been present for centuries in a countless of forms and locations. However, the event of September 1 1 , 2001 gave terrorism a new meaning in many other nations, America experienced the resort terrorist attack on its soil, committed by AY Qaeda.
AY Qaeda killed more people than the Irish Republican Army had killed in thirty-five years. The current Global War on Terror (GOT), initiated by President George W. Bush, is the most all-encompassing counterterrorist campaign in history. Since then, the number of terrorist attacks worldwide has increased significantly. After this event, from 2001 to 2005 alone, they rose from 1,732 to 4,995. A year later, they rose to 6,659. A prominent terrorism expert Walter Liqueur, suggests that “there has been a radical transformation, if not a revolution, in he character of terrorism” Liqueur compares old terrorism with new terrorism.
Old terrorism is terrorism that strikes only selected targets. New terrorism that is indiscriminate; it causes as many casualties as possible. Another major feature of new terrorism is keenness to use extreme indiscriminate violence. Liqueur argues that “the new terrorism is different in character, aiming not at clearly defined political demands but at the destruction of society and the elimination of large sections of the population. ” Terrorism is usually motivated by political objectives. Such politically motivated terrorist groups can be distinguished by their ideology.
Ideologies usually imply or may even be premised on achieving particular political objectives. The basic intention of some of these groups is to drive government or target audience to change its policies (a political objective) or, in the case of revolutionary movements, to take over political power themselves. According to Bruce Hoffman, all terrorists share one common denominator: they “live” in the future, and are convinced that they will defeat their enemies and achieve their political goals.
Financial gain can be one of the reasons used for terrorism. Generally, corporate hostage taking in Central and South America, and hostage taking by the ABA Safely group in the Philippines, happens more out of a desire to earn a ransom than achieving political goals. Pleasing their Lord or divinely inspired terrorist carry out what they believe,with this central objective of killing as many people as possible. In this point of view they are not interested to gain power as their primary objective. Why do people inclined towards terrorism?
The reasons are complex and plentiful. The factors that motivate people to join and become part of the terrorist groups can be religious, economic, social, psychological, and so forth. Religion is one of the aspect contributing that expresses the high dedication of one or more people to their own belief system. Radical religious Salamis has been Identified as a root cause of terrorism. The Salamis attacks against civilians from Glasgow to Jakarta confirm that many Psalmists are ideologically determined to engage in terrorism.
In the early sass, Whiz UT-Their (The Liberation Party) advocated the collapsing of Arab chimes and the formation of an Islamic state. In 1952, Jordan and all other Arab states banned the party. Ironically, European countries such as Great Britain have permitted Islamic parties to establish ideological roots. Ex-legalist Deed Hussein,the author The Salamis, argues that this British course of action was a blunder, as proved by the 2005 London bombings committed by Salamis terrorists.
Mohammed Data, a leader of the September 1 1 , 2001 attacks, carried with him writings from the Holy Curran that urged him and others to stay firm in their desire to carry out the attacks and pursue the rewards of martyrdom. Based on Islamic writings, one of the rewards of martyrdom is a place in heaven (for men), with 80,000 servants and 72 virgins. As one Hams fighter said, “Before I start shooting, I start to concentrate on reading verses Of the Curran because the Curran gives me the courage to fight the Israelis. Some Christians have also committed acts of religious extremism. For example, in the USA radical Christian killers have been involved in abortion-clinic bombings. In Northern Ireland, Catholics and Protestants have done terrorist acts. The terrorist attack is to cause fear on a wider scale in order to pressure others for their demands. The essence of terrorist operations is to do indiscriminate attacks against civilians with the intent of creating havoc and fear and insecurity in society.
Forces of repression have been emboldened by this new global context. The language of antiterrorism has been used to smear, and justify violating the rights of, ordinary political opponents. In addition, intensified efforts directed against real terrorists have, as in Chaney, increased the suffering of innocent civilians. The problems have been exacerbated by the increased tolerance shown by Western states, particularly the United States, for repression by regimes that are “partners” in the war on terrorism.
Pakistan and Uzbekistan are striking examples. War has no good for human rights; War rarely is good for human rights. The decision of the United States to launch a “global war on terror” in response to the suicide airplane bombings in New York and Washington has had predictably negative human rights consequences. In combating a tiny network of violent political extremists, human rights have in various ways, tooth intentional and unintentional, been restricted, infringed, violated, ignored, and trampled in many countries, sometimes severely.
September 1 1 changed the United States’ understanding of terrorism. Prior to these attacks, Americans typically viewed terrorist events and actors through the lens of foreign affairs, quite removed from “everyday concerns. Terrorist events involving Americans did occur, occasionally on American soil, but a sense of American invulnerability never truly wavered. September 11 challenged this presumption; as well as perspectives on the history of terrorism, compelling omen to reexamine past events in order to find portents of the future tragedy.
A look at the development of the literature on terrorism beginning in the early 1 ass’s until now reveals some cognitive dissonance. In introducing this material, it is not my intention to explain terrorism or define terrorism in this section. In fact, it is the very definition of terrorism is challenged by the assortment of initiatives collected under the title of the American War on Terror. Prior to September 1 1, “terrorism” was understood more broadly by more people.
Although a single definition has never been uniformly applied, hence the inclusion in this digest of such organizations as the ARIA and PLOP, and the absence of certain other frequently, though reckless labeled as terrorist. Will presume that the ‘terror” is primarily associated with topics associated with the War on Terror. The history sections are particularly honest to this conviction, though they also point to some areas that are neglected by the current paradigm. Human rights are not things that are put on the table for dinner to enjoy. These are things that you fight for and then you protect it.
Human rights are principles that describe standards of human behavior and shielded through legal rights in national and international law. They are inalienable fundamental rights, which are inherent in all human beings regardless of their nation, language, religion or any other consideration. Today they are applicable everywhere and at every time in the sense of being universal and are egalitarian for all. Universally, human rights are concerned with dignity, respect, responsibility, value systems, moral and gal rights, justice tolerance and equality between people and their community.