Counselors’ equipping themselves with knowledge, will allow them to be competitive, and more efficacious towards the therapeutic process. Education is a ongoing process and as a counselor it is their duty to keep up to date and the most effective way to ensure this is through reading; magazines, journals, news. In the following report three academic journal articles were retrieved from Obscenest electronic Journals through Cap’s library. Searches were completed within the following databases; Academic Search Premier, Carelessly, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection.
The following phrases were used to collect the following articles; alcohol abuse and child harm, alcohol and family abuse. All searches were refined to ensure only academic journals were retrieved with publication dates between 2008-2013 and the geography to include Australia. Article 1: Social demography of alcohol-related harm to children in Australia. Data for this paper was collected from the national survey and extent of alcohols harm to others (OATH) survey which was appointed by the foundation for alcohol research and education (FAR).
This paper explores the frequencies of child abuse as a consequence of drinking. Data was collected from cases reported to authorities. Further data was collected through a National population telephone survey in 2008. The sample size comprised 2649 Australians that were 18 years of age or older. All participants specified residing with children in the age group of 17 years old or younger. It was determined that 22% of Australian families contain one or more children that are influenced by abuse as an outcome of alcohol consumption.
The greater part stated to have been hysterical abuse immediate family members( 61% The most common form of abuse , a behavior likely to cause children large emotional harm. It was also reported that neglect from biological parents are held responsible specifically mothers, who are usually the primary careers. In physical abuse cases it was found that fathers are more likely responsible. Drinking of either the harming or the protective parent results in an increase in child maltreatment. Child abuse was determined to be more predominant in low-income, socially and economically disadvantaged groups in Victoria and Australia.
The report suggested alcohol policies with a wider application should be indicated, with focus single-career households. In the past year, 22% of participants stated children were affected by others alcohol abuse. Serious harm was reported by 3% of the respondents. It was found that reporting of child harm was more prevalent in single-care households opposed to two careers. Weekly drinkers in the sample of participants more often reported child abuse in relation to those who did not consume alcohol (Lasted, Ferris, Dietz and Room, 2012). Article 2: Alcohol Use, Drinking Venue Utilization, and Child
Physical Abuse: Results from a Pilot Study. This article explores the relation of parent’s alcohol misuse to engagement in physical abuse. 103 parents made up the sample size in the report, responding to questions on domestic abuse, drinking behavior, and frequency with which they drank at differing settings. There was a positive correlation between the quantity of drinking locations and child abuse. It was suggested that spending more time at these locations, resulted in parents interacting with others that shared the same attitudes towards violent behavior. Out of the 92 participants of the sample stated taking part in violent behavior towards their children. 12. 8% reported engaging in behavior that resulted in severe physical maltreatment. A parents social life specifically where they go to drink is related to occurrences of child abuse. It was determined that parents who drank at more than a few locations were more susceptible to physically harming their children. Remarkably, parents who did not drink but attended these venues were more likely to report that they abused their children.
It was demonstrated hat parents whom heavily consumed alcohol were more probable to participate in the harm towards their children when under the influence of alcohol. It was also found that where they were drinking was also important. (Freestyles, 2011 Article 3: Domestic abuse experienced by young people living in families with alcohol problems: results from a cross-European study. This paper reports on data collected through a diversity of European countries in regards to family domestic violence endured by youth in families with parental alcohol problems. It investigates the problems they encounter, ND coping mechanisms.
Youth varying from the ages of 12 to 18 were involved in interviews of the research demonstrated across Europe; Poland, Spain, Germany and England. The interviews consisted of questions regarding the children’s individual experiences of living in a home where parental violence and alcohol abuse was prevalent. All the children interviewed had parents whom were participating in a treatment program for the alcohol misuse. The results verified that in family units in which either one or both parental figures misused alcohol, their children were confronted with many faculties and dangers.
Not only do children witness high incidences Of domestic violence but also experience a greater amount of physical and emotional abuse. It was found that children struggle to cope in these environments. The report reinforced the importance of counselors ensuring support, problem solving, and emotional regulation for youth clients The most important finding in this review was locating policies in relation to addressing problems with alcohol abuse and domestic violence. The policies that do exist do not focus on the family and the effects of the issues on the Emily as a whole.
It was identified that across Europe, amongst organizations there is a lack of collaboration (Bellman, Templeton, Rubber, Klein and Message 2008). Table 1 Table Compares Articles Above Methods If ridings Similarities Differences Drinking Patters: frequency and quantity of sample were all frequent drinkers (at least once a week, may drink 5 or more) Rate of heavy drinking was high among young adults with young children (25-34 year olds) Children surveyed were 17 years of age or younger All three articles utilized interviews and surveys as a means of collecting data
Sample size differed among all 3 Article 1: 2649 Australians 18 years of age or younger Article 2: 103 parents Article 3: 92 interviewed Sample Size: 45 (ages 12-18) Questionnaire study followed by invitation for interview Self-administered paper and pencil survey Heavy drinking is common to parents of a young age. The frequency of drinking is characteristic of this age group, with families that include young children. Maltreatment Of children included; physical, emotional, neglect, psychological All three articles revealed children had serious coping problems
AY three articles determined underlying Risk Factors to include; poverty, caregiver childhood adversity, influence of violence in surroundings Enduring Risk Factors included substance abuse, family life conflict Risk of abuse and neglect towards children was evident in heavy drinking careers. Article 1 revealed the most common form of abuse reported was verbal Article 2: Revealed not only drinking related to abuse but also location. Attending more venues; bars, parties was clearly correlated to the seriousness of physical harm on children.
Article 3: The sample size consisting of 49% revealed they were partaking in physical assault towards children. The results from these articles reveal the significance of developing guidelines to improve applications of intervention and prevention in the matter of alcohol and violence abuse within families. It was as well identified, that all assessments; political, health, social and safety be completed from the perspective of children abused.
It should become common practice to gather information about clients in facilities for alcohol, drug and violence issues in shards to whether or not they have children, live with them, and to what extent does violence occur. Information, and parents skills programs are vital to any institutions to offer family support. Counselors should help moderate the impact of parent’s substance abuse on their children, helping them to reduce the risk, gain protective influences and encourage resilience.
Based on these articles, it is imperative the counselors not only intervene based on focus of the substance abuse, but to provide beneficial factors necessary in the lives of abusers children. Focus needs to be made on the needs of children and how they can be met. The research findings reveal that children who are brought up in these environments will end up following their family’s rule, bring the same behaviors into their relationships.
Understanding these findings will allow a counselor to help them face their past, the importance of it and the meaning for the client. These findings allow counselors to help clients replace their self-destructive behaviors with good, healthy ones.