Course Study Guide essay

What is sovereignty and how is it threatened in our globalizes world? 2. What are the fundamental values of American democracy? How are these values show in the two dilemmas of government? 3. How do equality of opportunity, equality of outcome, and political equality differ? Provide examples. 4. What are the major purposes Of government? Which is most controversial? 5. Using Figure 1. 1 fill out the following chart: Political Theories:

Definition Correspond to which Economic Theory? -Define the Economic Theories. Anarchism Corresponds to which political label in the U. S.? Not applicable. Libertarianism Liberalism Totalitarianism 6. Using Figure 1. 2 concisely state the differences between libertarianism, conservative, communitarian, & liberal views on Freedom, Order, Equality, & Government. Which values are seen as most important? Least important? What role should government play to protect those values? (*Chart will expand as you type in it. ) barbarianism Freedom Order Equality Government Conservative Communitarian Liberal 7.

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How do the terms libertarianism, liberalism, and liberals differ? -In what ways are these terms similar? Chapter 2 1. What are the types of ‘Direct Democracy’? 2. What is ‘Indirect Democracy’ or Representative Democracy? 3. What are the basic concepts of Majorities democracy (Ministrations)? 4. What are the basic concepts of Pluralist democracy (Pluralism)? 5. How does “Elite Theory’ differ from the Majorities and Pluralist models? Chapter 3 *When you are logged into the Learning Resource, please review the Interactive Timeline, The Constitution: The American Revolution and the Nation’s Constitution. 1.

Explain Thomas Jefferson ideas on unalienable rights and the Social Contract Theory as found in the Declaration of Independence. -How was Thomas Jefferson influenced by John Locke? 2. What is the relationship between the right to vote, popular sovereignty and Republicanism (or a republic)? 3. What were the political and economic weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation? -How did trade wars and events like Shays rebellion expose some of these weaknesses? 4. How may the failure of the Articles of Confederation be seen as giving rise to the U. S. Constitution? . Explain the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan as well as key differences.

How were those differences resolved in the Great Compromise? -Virginia Plan -New Jersey Plan -Great Compromise 6. What are the four elements that form the foundation of the American political tradition in the preamble Of U. S. Constitution? 7. What are the four basic principles of the U. S. Constitution and In which Articles/sections & Amendments are they located? -Republicanism -Separation of Powers -Federalism -Checks & Balances 8. How do checks and balances work? *Also learn the Checks and Balances Chart . Specifically, what three powers are being separated in the principle of ‘separation of powers’? 0. Explain the main ideas in each of the seven Articles of the U. S. Constitution? -Article I -Article II -Article Ill -Article IV -Article V -Article VI -Article VII 11. What is the ‘Necessary and Proper Clause’ (or ‘Elastic Clause’) in Article of the Constitution? -How does it allow “implied powers”? 12. Explain the main arguments between the Federalists and Anti*editorialist during the ratification of the US. Constitution. 13. What are the core arguments in the Federalist Papers #10 [Optional: Read the Federalist papers using links in the learning resource] -Federalist #10 -Federalist #51 14.

What persuaded the Anti-Federalists to drop their opposition to the U. S. Constitution? -What role did George Washington play in resolving the Federalist/Anti-Federalist opposition? 15. How long did it take for the Bill of Rights to be ratified? 16. How was the U. S. Constitution ratified? 17. What is the Formal Amendment Process? To test your knowledge of the Constitution, stay logged into the Learning Resource and take the Primary Source Activity: The Constitution. Chapter 4 1. Identify the Article & section, or Amendment number, and explain the following Clauses in the U. S.

Constitution: -The Supremacy Clause -Full Faith and Credit Clause -Interstate Commerce Clause -Privileges and Immunities Clause 2. Fill out the following Chart. Explain this kind of Power. Where is this power located in the U. S. Constitution? List Article, Section or Amendment. List examples of each power: Which level of government (Federal or State) has this power? Enumerated Powers: Implied Powers (or Elastic Clause): Reserved 3. How do the ‘Supremacy Clause,’ ‘Enumerated Powers,’ ‘Reserved Powers,’ ND the ‘Full Faith and Credit Clause’ establish Federalism? 4. What is the difference between Dual Federalism and Cooperative Federalism? . What kinds of events and forces have played a role in expanding the power of the Federal Government relative to the States? 6. How does the decision in the Supreme Court case McCullough v. Maryland illustrate the powers associated with ‘Necessary and Proper’ Clause (or Elastic Clause)? 7. How does the Federal Government use grants-in-aid, mandates, and preemption to force the policy choices of State and Local Governments? 8. What is Coercive Federalism? 9. Explain the different types of local governments. Chapter 5 1. How does public opinion affect politics and policymaking? Should it? 2.

How do Ministrations and Pluralism disagree on the role of public opinion? – Ministrations believes: -Pluralism/Pluralist believe: 3. What is political colonization? -What are the key principles? -Who are the key agents in this process? 4. Explain how social and economic groups relate to different ideologies and public opinions on major issues, as well as their general political participation. Social and Economic Groups Gender: Women Men Race: White Caucasian (or Non-Latino Whites) African-American Native-Americans Ethnicity: Hispanic (including Latino) Education Levels: Highest (Ph.

D. ) Bachelor/Masters Low (High School or less) Income Levels: High Low Religions: Jews Catholics Protestants Non-religious Ideology & Public Opinions Conservative, Liberal, etc. On major Issues. Political Participation How group generally votes & political party preference? Chapter 6 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What media format do most Americans currently use to get the news? What are the main consequences of private ownership of the Media? Identify the ways in which the Government regulates the Media. What are the functions of the Media in politics and government?

How does the Media influence citizens’ political knowledge and ideology? Is there a liberal or conservative Media bias? Does the Media advance freedom, order or equality? Chapter 7 1 . What distinguishes conventional participation from unconventional political participation? 2. What major constitutional amendments expanded the rights of suffrage in the United States? -How does the expansion of suffrage in the U. S compare with other nations? 3. How does voter turnout in the United States compare to other countries? 4. What is meant by the “standard socioeconomic model” (SEES) for explaining political participation? . Given the high level of education in the United States does actual voting turnout align to what the standard socio economic model would predict? 6. In your opinion how can political participation both help and undermine order? Chapter 8 1 . How does a political party differ from an interest group? 2. What are the major functions of political parties? 3. Identify the major eras in the development of U. S. Political parties. What were key events in each phase? 4. Explain why America has a Two-Party System. 5. What is party identification? How has it changed over time? 6.

What are the major differences between Democratic and Republican Party platforms with respect to freedom, order and equality? -Democratic Party -Republican Party 7. Do the two major American political parties fulfill the principles in the Model of Responsible party Government? 8. (Optional) Explain the organizational structure of political parties. Chapter 9 1 . Explain the steps to be elected to Congress (the Senate & House of Representatives). 2. What are the current steps in nominating and electing a president? 3. What are “battleground states” in presidential elections and why re they important? . Explain how the Electoral College facilitates a federal election of the President. 5. Explain how the Supreme Court’s 2010 decision in the Citizens United case led to increased spending in federal election campaigns. 6. What are three basic campaign strategies candidates can use to win elections? 7. What are “battleground states” or “Swing States” in presidential elections and why are they important? 8. What factors influence voter choices? Chapter 10 1 . What are the different kinds of Interest Groups in our political system? 2. Explain these five functions of Interest Groups:

Representation -Participation -Education -Agenda Building -Program Monitoring 3. Who is likely to join an Interest Group and what benefits will they receive? 4. Identify several strategies and tactics used by Interest Groups to influence the policymaking process. 5. What are the laws that regulate Interest Groups? 6. What are the advantages and disadvantages of Interest Groups? Chapter 11 1 . Which Article in the U. S. Constitution establishes the Legislative Branch? 2. Where are the ‘Enumerated’ and ‘Implied’ Powers of Congress located? – What are ‘Enumerated’ and ‘Implied’ Powers? -Enumerated: -Implied: 3.

Why did the Founders create a bicameral Congress (bicameralism)? 4. What are the duties of the U. S. Senate and the U. S. House of Representatives and the differences between these two Chambers? Duties of U. S. Senate ‘Advice & Consent’ Duties of House Of Representatives Differences: -Size -Terms of Office -District Areas -Elections -Floor debate & rules 5. What is the difference between redistricting, reapportionment, gerrymandering, and racial gerrymandering? 6. What are the basic steps to make new laws? ( Or what is the Legislative Process? -What is the role Of conflict, compromise, and deliberation in this process? What is the function of Committees? -Why are they important for Elected Officials and the Legislative Process? 8. Who are the leaders in the House of Representatives & the U. S. Senate? What are their powers? 9. What is ‘Divided Government? -How is ‘Gridlock’ related to Divided Government? -What are the political implications of Divided Government and Gridlock? Chapter 12 1 . What are the formal powers explicitly granted to the President in Article II of the U. S. Constitution?