Purpose of research] Advance knowledge, increase understanding, educate others and inform practice. Research primarily attempts to describe or explain things… Hat, when, how or why. Samplingњ The process of choosing the people, pace and time to collect primary data. Methods: 1. Random sampling 2. A systemic sampling 3. A stratified random sample 4. A cluster sample 5. Convenience sample. Sample Groups: identifying or deciding where the sample group is to be chosen from. Egg: people from your specific community. Sample size: The number of participants included in the research study. – When choosing a sampling method, it is necessary that they suit the purpose of the research project.
Types of data: Primary Data that is collected firsthand by the researcher; the info obtained erectly by observing behavior or asking people questions through interviews or questionnaires. Secondary Data that has been gathered and recorded by someone else for egg: info acquired from the internet, videos, databases, reference and textbooks etc. Quantitative research] for the collection and analysis of numerical data using statistics. It is used to describe existing conditions, investigate relationships between two or more variables and explore cause and effect relationships Qualitative researched Relies on extensive observations and in-depth interviews that result in non – numerical. Data such as words, objects or pictures. It is often conducted in natural settings and does not control the settings it is in.
Best suited to studies investigating human behavior, opinions and values. Sources of Data: Individuals and groups can provide that is current and in real time. Print and digital sources can add depth and detail to the process that would not be possible if their data had to be personally sourced by the researcher. Print – Books, journals, magazines, newspapers and pamphlets. Digital – Internet, computer, TV and radio, websites. Reliability; Achieving reliability requires researchers to be systematic and organized so s to be able to rely on producing consistent results over time. Validity Refers to how well the research method measures what is suppose to be measured.
Can ONLY be achieved if the results of the research have been obtained correctly. Background knowledge on selected topic is crucial. Ethical Behavior: Respectable questions that are worded correctly, be aware of wellbeing, and offer the opportunity for individuals to see final report. Integrity honesty and integrity within the conduct of qualitative research and underpins ethical practice in all the activities that comprise data collection and analysis. Privacy Paramount consideration in relation to research. Privacy should be protected and confidentiality assured by asking permission, ensuring data and opinions are not revealed to others and carefully storing data.
Bias term from quantitative research, bias technically means a systematic error, where a particular research finding deviates from a ‘true’ finding Questionnaires(oral): asking respondents a number of predetermined questions, they can either be open or close. Questionnaire (written): Participants recording their responses to predetermined questions. They can be open or closed. Obtains information on pals attitudes, opinions and behaviors, it is also an easy analysis an distributed to large populations. Interviews: A primary data collection method that provides qualitative information. Formal tech: Unstructured, structured Formal and informal Case Studies: Studying a persona or event in great detail. It is a report describing what is found. Highly organized and systematic in collecting data.
Observations: obtains data by meaning or observing a behavior or trait in a natural setting and recording it. Difficulty in obtaining accurate and honest information from subjects egg children. Used to gain insight into behaviors relevant to a researched topic. Lit Review: involves looking at books, articles, seminar papers, websites etc. Consists of a description, summary and critical evaluation of each work and an insightful study of what is already known about the topic. Planning: Formulating your proposal When formulating your proposal it is important to cover questions such as what is your topic, why have you chosen these topic questions, what is the hypothesis, etc.
Your proposal should provide an overall picture of the six focus points: what, why, how, when, where and who Formulating your inline There is no right or wrong way to create a timeline However for the timeline to be effective it should consist of the following: the dates in which these actions will be completed Setting a timeline begins with setting goals You need to outline all the short term goals or actions that are necessary to achieve each of your intermediate goals Next is to identify the intermediate goals or actions that are required to achieve your long term goals Finally outline all the short term goals or actions that are necessary to achieve your GROUPS IN CONTEXT NOTES Specific groups within the community
Category A groups (Mandatory groups) People with disabilities C Homeless people Pl 58 Category B groups (Select 2 groups) Aged D Culturally and Linguistically Diverse C]communities C Aboriginal and Tortes Strait Slander peoples C Rural and remote families CLC Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Extravagances, Interest communities C] Sole parents C Youth 0 Dry Hate Ass Cracks And Rude Girls Saying Yolk Exploring the four specific groups within the community prevalence of each group within the community 71 individual diversity within each group D terminology used by the community to Describe the group C] Utilize reliable resources of data to examine the nature of each group by considering the following questions: What is the prevalence of the group within Status? What determines whether an individual is part of the group? Recognize that the community uses positive and negative terminology to describe each group.
Discuss the impact this may have on individuals within the group satisfaction of needs ; specific needs of each group adequate standard of living (food, Clothing, shelter) health CA education L] employment safety and security sense of identity Justify the TINT most significant needs for each group and discuss the implications if these are not met access to services types of services, egg financial support, transport, accommodation and housing, health care, counseling, education, employment, legal aid Fat Teachers Always Hate Children Especially Enthusiastic Laurel’s Factors affecting access to services Characteristics of individuals within the group, egg age, gender, level of Calculation, culture, type Of disability, first language spoken, socioeconomic status Always Gathering Leslies To Consume For Self resources, egg time, money, energy, knowledge 0 aspects of the service, egg opening hours, confidentiality, location, staffing Explore the factors that can affect each group’s access to services by considering the following: What types of services does each group require access to? How do the characteristics of individuals within each group affect their access to services? What resources necessary to support each group’s access to the service? How available are the services within the community? Creating positive social environments O addressing the groups’ issues of concern.
Government policy and legislation n organizations within the community L]that support the group D equity issues Examine government policy and legislation to determine its role in ensuring equity for each group Critically analyze the extent to which organizations within the community assist in satisfying the needs of each group investigate a current inequity issue faced by each group and propose strategies to address the issues positive influences on community attitudes contributions the group makes within The community advocacy (speaking up for the group’s needs and concerns) raising awareness within the Community educating the community promoting the rights of the group Specific groups When there is equity, access to resources is fair just and equal. However members of some community groups in our society are extinctive and unique. People with disabilities] P(physical) I(intellectual) P(psychological) S(sensory). Disability can affect activity and restrict participation in everyday life. Homeless Refers to something more then just ‘house-less-news’. G: TATS and their loss of spirituality. A person who is homeless is if she/he has inadequate access to safe and secure housing. Disabilities Prevalenceњ ABS 2009, 4 million people with a disability Increases with age, 6. 6% 1 5-ooh. 18% 45-ooh, 40% 65-ooh. Homeless Prevalence] 201 1 approve 1 05,000 were homeless across Australia. Increase by 8% form 06. Disabilities Diversity within the group[l Some may be born with disabilities others can be temporary or permanent. Concept of diversity is understanding unique and recognizing individuals differences. Homeless Diversity Vary in age, gender, race. May be faced with multitude of difficulties that make them homeless.
Tend to have higher rates in substance abuse, poorer health and mental illness. Disability Terminology Peoples attitudes towards disabilities have improved. Using words such as ‘brave, special, courageous’ can be seen as patronizing. Derogatory and insensitive terms impact a persons sense of security and wellbeing. Homeless Terminology; Stereotypical outlook egg: homeless male who sleeps on streets. How perceptions may differ due to the reasoning behind the homelessness egg: those who are left for Centerline repayments. Disabilities Adequate standard of living: The SEES of a person with a disability may be affected due to lower workforce participation rate.
Clothing may be modified to give a person with a disability more independence. Health: Varying health problems due to varying disabilities. Disabilities experience further deterioration in their condition as part of the ageing process. Egg: people who SE wheelchairs may experience pressure sores, weight gain and cardiac problemsњ limited activity. Education: Early intervention is a strategy that seeks to optimism development. Require early intervention through programs designed to enhance physical, intellectual and living skills. Employment: Led to individuals meeting their adequate standard of living and a sense of identity. Specific employment structure for Pl with disabilities. G: House with No Steps ‘Making the most of our abilities’ Safety and Security: Pl with disabilities may be vulnerable because of it. May also me lonely. Sense of Identity: Persons view on which they are. A person who has become disabled as an adult may experience great difficulties in establishing a renewed sense of identity. Homeless Adequate standards: Unable to have substantial meals, water, nor have a shelter over their heads. Thus the likelihood of fulfilling needs at the next level of Mason’s Hierarchy is diminished. Not having suitable clothing may also cause further intensifying wellbeing. Health: Generally have health issues that are more serve then others in the community.
May have trouble accessing health services due to finical hardship. Education: Lack of du, dads to lack of knowledge on improved overall health for their wellbeing. Employment: Employment is key to re-entering society. Likelihood of employment is low due to low self-esteem; lack of social skills and health issues. Security and Safety: Among the most vulnerable group of people in society. Streets and shelters offer little protection. Sense of Identity: The homeless due to no work, family life or social activities lack a strong sense of identity due to an absence of previous needs. Access to services: Disabilities] Variety of services that maintain and increase their independence.