BSNL Training Report essay

First of fall I would like to thank the Management at BOSS for giving e the opportunity to do my two-month project training in their esteemed organization I would like to thanks my faculty of my college who allow me to undergo my training with BOSS exchange and help me providing tips for this training. As well as I would like to thanks to the staff of BOSS who help me a lot over their and give me their support in training. Staff Of BOSS is very hardworking and supportive. Above all, conveys my thanks to my parents and my friends for their moral support. M very thankful to them for what ever they done for me……. NAMESAKES GUPPY 1184751 (Signature of student) Abstract Industrial train inning is must for the every student perusing professional degree because the ultimate goal of every student is to get the information the industrial training helps us to get an idea of the things. We should know In order to get good job i. E. I have a good professional career. Industrial tarring teaches us loses of things. It helps us to know the kind of environment we would be getting in the industry and help us to get with the kind of environment.

Industrial training is helps us to know the kind of grade an engineer of specific branch plays in the industry. It helps s to get used to working in groups of unknown people in it teach us team work because my work in industrial is accomplished by a group and an individual. The totality the industrial teaches us industrial ethics. Some advance technical knowledge how and help us to acquired with industrial working style. Contents Topics Page no. Introduction of BOSS 5-8 2. Exchange 9_13 3. Technologies 14-24 4. Transmission Media 25-30 5. Network Topology 31-37 6. Facilities 38-43 Future scope 44 8.

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Vision and Mission 45 9. Conclusion 46 10. Bibliography 47 Chapter- 1 History OF BOSS The foundation of Telecoms En;ark in India was laid by the British onetime in 19th century. The history of BOSS is linked with the beginning of Telecoms in India. In 19th century and for almost entire 20th century, the Telecoms in India was operated as a Government of India wing. Earlier it was part of erstwhile post & Telegraph Department. Brat Sanchez Enigma Limited Brat Sanchez Enigma Limited (BOSS) is Indian’s leading telecommunications provider and the country’s largest public-sector firm.

BOSS provides local- exchange access and domestic long-distance services through a network of more than 45 Million access lines covering most of India. It also offers Wireless Communications, Data and Internet Services, as well as business voice and data services. The company is still controlled by the Government, as is one of Indian’s other large phone companies, Manager Telephone Enigma emitted (MINT). Plans to merge the two companies have been discussed but seem to be on hold. BRAT SANCHEZ ENIGMA LIMITED has a vast reservoir of highly skilled and experienced work force of about 3, 57,000 personnel.

I believe that their staff is one of the best trained manpower in the telecoms sector, is our biggest asset. To meet the technological challenges, employees are trained for genealogy up-gradation, modernization, computerizing etc in Bikinis training centers spread across country. To apex training centers of BOSS i. E. Advance Level Telecoms Training Center at Gabbed and Brat Rattan Bohemia Telecoms Training Center at Jabberer are comparable to any world class telecoms training center. Moreover, 43 zonal training Centers and a national academy of telecoms finance and management have been running for several years now.

Different curriculum run in these centers to impart technology based training, training for attitudinal change, basic educational and skill development program etc. Main Services Offered 1. Basic and Limited Mobile Telephone Services: – BOSS Is the Leading Service Provider in the Country in the Basic Telephone Services. As Of Now More Than 35 Million Direct Exchange Lines & More Than 2. 2. Million Telephones In The Limited Mobile Telephone Services Are Existing. BOSS Has Provides A Number Of Attractive Tariff Packages & Plans Which Shall Further Strengthen Its Subscriber Base. . Cellular Mobile Telephone Services: BASIL’S GSM Technology Based Cellular Mobile Network Has Reached A Long way, covering More Than 6400 Towns, With A subscriber Base Of over 1. 54 Core As On 31 Satan. 2006 Out Of Which 1. 16 Core Cellular Telephones Are In The Prepaid Segment. 3. Internet Services:- BOSS Offers Dialup Internet Services To The Customers By Post-paid Service With The Brand Name ‘Intone’, And Pre-Paid Service With The Brand Name ‘Chanters’. The post-paid Service Is A Clip Based Access Service, Currently Operational In 100 Cities.

Chanters Is Available On Local Call Basis Throughout India To Kids And EST. Subscribers. The Internet Dhabi Scheme Of The Company Aims To Further Promote Internet Alleges In Rural And Semi Urban Areas. 4. Intelligent Network: Intelligent Network Services Is A Service That Incorporates Several Value Added Facilities, Thoroughly Designed To Save Time And Money, And Enhance Productivity. At Present, Your Company Offers Free Phone (PH), Premium Rate Service (PRM), India Telephone Card (TIC), Account Card Calling (AC), Virtual Private Network (VPN), Universal Access Number (LAGAN) And Tell Voting In Services. . Broadband Services:- BOSS Has Launched Its Broadband Services Under The Brand Name ‘Donate’ On 14/1/2005. This Offers Services Like High Speed Internet Access With Speed Ranging From 256 Kbps To 8 Mbps. Other Services Like Streaming Video, Video On Demand, Bandwidth On Demand Etc. , Have Also Been Planned. Development Of Rural Telecoms Network Rural Dells:- As on 31. 03. 2005, in Basil’s network, a total of 1. 356 Core Rural telephone connections were working. As on 31. 1. 2006, there are 1. 425 Core rural telephones working in BOSS network.

Village Public Telephones (OPTS) & ARCS:- BOSS, in its unstilted efforts to make the slogan ‘Connecting India’, a reality, had provided OPTS In villages up to 31. 03. 2005. The company entered into an agreement with US fund for expansion of Rural Telecoms Network by November 2007, by providing OPTS in 66,822 undisputed, undisturbed, accessible and inhabited villages having population more than 100 as per census, 1991 in the country. Network Management: BOSS is committed to provide a robust state of the art infrastructure that will provide stable and superior services to its customers.

Accordingly, the MILL network covering more than 200 cities was made operational in may 2004. Since then, about 22000 circuits have been provided on this network. This has provided high level of stability to the leased circuits and capability to offer n x 64 Kbps circuits. Setting up UK Band VAST Network:- As regards the UK band VAST network equipment, the hub of this network is being set up at Bangor, the equipment has been installed and expected to be commissioned shortly. This will help your company, to become a service provider with all types of media equipment i. E.

AFC, microwave and satellite for provision of bandwidth, this will also enable the company to offer composite solutions to its customers. Policy on Transmission Network Maintenance:- Telecoms circles have large transmission networks. To improve the maintenance of transmission network, guidelines for route parties and icicles have been formalized. Telecoms territorial circles are also being connected with computerized network for booking Of Transmission system faults, with a view to improve follow up and faster restoration faults. Computerizing:- Implementation of inter operator billing and accounting system (BOAS) has been completed.

Your company plans to provide CDR based customer care and convergent billing system. This will help company in providing effective and efficient billing & customer care solutions for its fixed line subscribers. It envisages building of country wide intranet to reduce the cost Of Operation, increase realization, stop leakage of revenue and minimize frauds, besides providing round the clock best customer care services to the company’s subscribers. Obligations: – 1. Towards customers and dealers to provide prompt, courteous and efficient service and quality of products/ services at fair and reasonable services. . Towards employees ? Develop their capability and advancement through appropriate training and career planning ? Expeditious redressed of grievances ? Fair dealings with recognized representatives of employees in pursuance Of healthy trade union practices and sound personnel policies. Chapter-2 Exchanges Exchange are those from were we can transmit our data or voice from one end sender to other end receiver. All telephone subscribers are sere by automatic exchange today’s automatic exchange use a pair of computer one running that program that provides the services.

Typical exchange consists of:- 1 . Switch room 2. Operation and maintains room 3. Input output processor room 4. Power plant room 5. Battery room 6. Main distribution frame room In BOSS Lithuania, many types of exchanges working which are as follow:- . Automatic exchanges 2. Digital exchanges 3. Trunk automatic exchanges 4. COB 283 exchanges 5. COOT exchange 6. AXE 10 7. EBB 8. SEES 9. SEWED 1 . Automatic exchange: Automatic exchanges, or dial service, came into existence in the early 1 9005. Their purpose was to eliminate the need for human telephone operators.

Before the exchanges became automated, operators had to complete the connections required for a telephone call. Almost everywhere, operators have been replaced by computerized exchanges. Telephone switch is the brains of an automatic exchange. It is a device for routing calls from one telephone to another, generally as part of the public switched telephone network. The local exchange automatically senses an off hook (tip) telephone condition, provides dial to that phone, receives the pulses or TDMA tones generated by the phone, and then completes a connection to the called phone within the same exchange or to another distant exchange. . Digital exchange:- Digital switches work by connecting two or more digital circuits together, according to a dialed telephone number. Calls are set up between switches using the Signaling System 7 protocols, or one of its variants. In U. S. And military telecommunication, digital switch is a switch that performs time vision switching of digitized signals. This was first done in a few small and little used systems. The first product using a digital switch system was made by Oatmeal. Prominent examples include ITT System 12, Nortek DMS-DID, Lucent SEES switch, Siemens SEWED and Ericson AXE telephone exchange.

With few exceptions, such as PAM switches, most switches built since the sass are digital. This article describes digital switches, including algorithms and equipment. Digital switches encode the speech going on, in 8000 time slices per second. At each time slice, a digital PC representation of the tone s made. The digits are then sent to the receiving end of the line, where the reverse process occurs, to produce the sound for the receiving phone. In other words, when you use a telephone, you are generally having your voice “encoded” and then reconstructed for the person on the other end.

Your voice is delayed in the process by a small fraction of one second -? it is not “live”, it is reconstructed -? delayed only minutely. 3. Trunk automatic exchanges: Tandems help connect pairs of switches that are not directly connected. Inter- city switches are called trunk automatic exchanges (TAX). For example, a TAX in Lithuania with a connection to a switch in Embalm, would indirectly connect all the switches in Lithuania (connected to this tandem) to Embalm. All of these tandems have trunk connected to the local VASS international tandem switch, called the gateway Digital Switch. . COB 283 exchange: COB stands for the Origin Control Version 283 version. This exchange is in used these days. This is also a digital switching system. This exchange works at 5-25 degree census. A maximum of 2048 PC switch can be conducted. This exchange support both analog and digital subscribers. . COOT exchange:- C-DOT triggered a telecoms revolution in the rural India that was responsible for all-round socio-economic development. Rural India gained access to a whole new world of opportunities as they got connected globally.

As part of its development process, C-DOT has spawned a wide base Of equipment manufacturers and component vendors for the industry. C-DOT exchanges can be configured using four basic modules:- 1. Base Module 2. Central Module 3. Administrative Module 4. Input Output Module 6. AXE 10:- The AXE telephone exchange is a product line of circuit witched digital telephone exchanges manufactured by Ericson, a Swedish telecoms company. It was developed in 1974 by Element, a research and development subsidiary of Ericson and Telemarketer.

The first system was deployed in 1976. AXE is an acronym for Automatic Cross-Connection Equipment. Ericson AXE telephone exchanges support lawful intercepts via the remote-control equipment subsystem (REST), which carries out the tap, and the interception management system (AIMS), software used for initiating the tap, which adds the tap to the REST database. In a fully operating lawful interception system the REST and AIMS both create logs of all numbers being tapped So that system administrators can perform audits to find unauthorized taps.