It is the storage and analysis of biological information by the use of computers. “Computers are used to gather, store, analyze, and integrate information that can then be applied to gene-based drug discovery and development” (What is bioinformatics).
This has become an essential part of biological research activity, and is rapidly becoming as ordinary in the biosciences as molecular biology has been since the sass. “The science of Bioinformatics, which is the melding of molecular biology with computer science, is essential to the use of genomic information in understanding human diseases and in the identification of new molecular targets for drug discovery/’ (What is bioinformatics). The primary goal of Bioinformatics is to increase the understanding of biological processes.
It is the “determination of the sequence of the entire human genome (approximately three billion base airs)” (What is bioinformatics). The focus on developing and applying computationally intensive techniques has led to achievement of this goal. “With Bioinformatics, scientists can compare data from the genetic material of a variety of living things, from tiny bacteria to larger organisms, such as humans” (Bioinformatics, 2012). Bioinformatics has made it possible for scientists to be able to analyze genomes and their functions.
Bioinformatics has provided an impressive and extensive computational power, which allows the study of entire sets of genes ND their interactions, along with the comparison of genomes from different species. With the use of Bioinformatics, scientists can collect and analyze data from people throughout different parts of the world, which may give scientists insight into the evolution of humans. This can also be used in the medical field by medical researchers allowing them to study diseases caused by genetics and try to find treatments that may be effective.
Law enforcement officials also keep large databases, which are filled with genetics information hat has been obtained from criminals or possibly collected at crime Scenes. The information in such databases can be used to identify individuals that may be a victim or perpetrator. Without computer databases, there would not be Bioinformatics. Once the information has been organized and stored, mathematical formulas, algorithms, can be written as part of the software that is used to analyze the data.
Algorithms allow searches that show areas of the genetic material that are similar to one another. They have also been constructed to search and compare different databases. The forms of molecules dioxide binuclear acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) store the genetic material of a cell, most often in the cell’s nucleus. An immense amount of information can be produced from determining an organism’s sequences of DNA and RNA. Chromosomes are made of thousands of genes and are pieces of DNA, which pass off traits to offspring.
Each gene is a “discrete unit of inheritance, represented by a portion if DNA located in a chromosome,” which communicates to a cell how to do a specific job. In the early sass, the sequencing of genetic material was possible. However, the process was time-consuming and tedious. Soon after, DNA sequencing became automated, which greatly increased the speed of sequencing. In 1 990, the Human Genome Project began. The goal of the project ? to sequence the complete collection of genes found in a single set of human chromosomes – was achieved in 2001″ (Bioinformatics, 2012).
Since then, Bioinformatics has grown to the inclusion Of “the analysis Of protein structure, information concerning the function of genes and proteins, information on metabolism (the chemical reactions that take place in an organism) and other cell pathways, and data from medical studies” (Bioinformatics, 2012). As the amount of DNA sequences unraveled increased, the need for database-analysis tools became more urgent. The Human Genome Project completed its work and the amount of genetic information was abundant and databases had been produced in the united States, Europe, and elsewhere to hold the data and analyze sequences.
New tools became available in order to assist in analyzing the activity of an organism’s genetic material at a specific time. One such superior technique is microfarad. A microfarad, or biochip, is an arrangement of genetic material on a solid base, usually glass, plastic, or tile” and can examine samples of DNA from one subject at a time (Bioinformatics, 2012). The microfarad’s genetic material can cling to the DNA sample to expose certain characteristics about the subject. A single microfarad shows the activity of numerous of genes at one time. In turn, incredible amounts of information can quickly be gathered from just one microorganism.
Without the analytical tools of Bioinformatics, the information collected from both microfarad’s and the Human Genome Project loud not be deciphered and would therefore be useless. Bioinformatics is an essential and valuable tool in the sciences, medicine, and law enforcement. It is the application of computers, software, and mathematical models to the management of biological information from larger sets. It is the storage and analysis of biological information by the use of computers.