Becoming aware of the ways in which abuse can take place, empowers workers to be better prepared to recognize such behavior as abusive. Once you are able to label abuse, you can begin to take steps necessary to stop it from happening or repeating. These are; Physical Abuse Can occur when one person uses physical pain or threat of physical force to intimidate another person. Actual physical abuse may involve simple slaps or pushes, or it may involve a full on physical beating wide-ranging with punching, kicking, hair pulling scratching, and real physical damage sufficient in some cases to require hospitalizing.
Physical abuse is abusive whether bruises or physical damage occur or not. C] Sexual Abuse This is any sort of non-consensual sexual contact perpetrated on a victim by an abuser. Sexual abuse can happen to men or Women of any age. Sexual abuse by a partner can include derogatory name calling, refusal to use contraception, deliberately causing unwanted physical pain during sex, deliberately passing on sexual diseases or infections and using objects, toys, or other items without consent to cause pain or humiliation.
Also molestation, incest, inappropriate touching (with or without intercourse), and spiking of drugs such as date rape are all instances of sexual abuse. O Psychological Abuse (also known as mental abuse or emotional abuse) This can be a range of non-physical controlling behaviors that cause emotional damage and undermine a person’s sense of well-being. Emotional or psychological abuse can be verbal or nonverbal. Its aim is to chip away at the confidence and independence of victims (survivor) with the intention of making the individual compliant and limiting her ability to leave.
Emotional abuse includes verbal abuse such as yelling, name-calling, blaming and shaming. Isolation, intimidation, threats of violence and controlling behavior . 0 Financial and Economic Abuse This aims to limit a victim’s ability to access help. Tactics may include controlling the finances; withholding money or credit cards; making someone unreasonably account for money spent/petrol used; exploiting assets; withholding basic necessities; preventing someone from working; deliberately running up debts; forcing someone to work against their will and sabotaging someone’s job.
The victim can begin to doubt their own sans¶y’ as the abuser can also try convince the individual it was them who spent the money and just can’t remember. 0 Signs and Symptoms physical Abuse unusual pattern of injury; repeated trips to the emergency room Bruises, burns or cuts healing at different times Change in behavior-Abuse of alcohol or other drugs Social isolation or withdrawal Sexual Abuse Not able to sit down, difficulty in walking Going to the toilet more or less often Becoming reserved and having no physical contact with others i. . Hugs, shaking hands Depression, withdrawal from regular activities, fear, anxiety Psychological Abuse Becoming unusually over or less emotional Mood swings and anger outbursts Social anxiety/ loss or gain in weight Becomes very isolated from family and friends; Financial and Economic Abuse Asking others/family for money frequently unusual patterns in someone’s bank withdrawals/spending Weight loss due to lack of food
Deterioration in appearance due to lack of necessary Self-harm or self-destructive behavior] Identify and describe abuse relevant to case study, short and long term effects (See Appendix A) Question 3 There are current legislation relating to the case study which could have protected and helped some of the individuals. These are; Disability Discrimination Act 2005 This act created legal rights for people with disabilities, such as “A physical or mental impairment which has substantial and long term adverse effect on (their) ability to carry out normal activities”.
This could relate to Mrs. Green as he was awaiting hip surgery, the lawyer should have took this into consideration when encouraging Mrs. Green to sign over her house to her son. He should have complied with this act and expressed her rights by informing her to apply for an advocacy when making this important decision as she already didn’t have much knowledge in legal or financial matters. 0 Child (Scotland) Act 1 995 This piece of legislation can safeguard Mrs. Greens 5 year old grandson as even though he is not being directly abused he is still present or in the same place as where the abuse is taking place.
By experiencing tension or by tensing arguments, distressing behavior or assaults – (even if they do not always show this) can still have a significant impact on Mrs. Green’s grandson’s development. Local authorities are bound to this piece of legislation such as the social work department, schools, doctors etc. Within this piece of legislation it states that parents have responsibilities to their children under the age of 16.
These include; To safeguard and promote the child’s health, development and welfare To provide direction and guidance appropriate to the child’s stage of development Section 19 of the child’s rights within this act dates; ‘every child has the right to protection from abuse (of any kind) even from parents’. This act has been superseded by the Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 2014. I will take information on the previous act but probably from next year I will be strict about the new law. It’s worthwhile becoming familiar with the new act.
Data Protection Act 1998 Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000 Careers (Recognition and Services) Act 1 995 Human Rights Act 1998 Adult Support and Protection Act 2007 Case of Failure to Protect in Britain Caleb News was born on 30th July 2001 at hospital where he spent the first 3 seeks of his life in the special care baby unit. On the 18th October 2001, Caleb Alexander News Was admitted to the Royal Hospital for sick children in Edinburgh at the age of 11 weeks old. The baby was pronounced dead at the hospital and had immediate visible signs to doctors of a non-accidental death.
An Autopsy was carried out which showed evidence of a wide spread fresh hemorrhage in all compartments of the brain which suggested rapid death following a traumatic injury, possibly caused by rough shaking of the baby. There was also evidence of 14 rib fractures, quite possibly sustained during he course of the morning of 18th October. Some of the fractures were approximately one week to ten days old, whilst one fracture was several weeks old. It was concluded there had been at least three separate episodes of trauma to the chest, probably caused by gripping the child during shaking.
The government report regarding this case stated; Caleb Alexander News mother was well known to the local authorities. As she had many criminal convictions and a long history of prostitution. His mother had a history of chronic drug use for over 20 years, was taking methadone wrought her pregnancy which led to Caleb withdrawing from methadone after being born, and had previously had social work involvement with her other children resulting in them being taking into care because of failed attempts of tackling her drug dependency.
A Child Protection Case Conference was held while the baby was still in hospital on the 9th august 2001. Caleb was put onto the child protection register but later went home with his mother. It was well known the child’s father would be visiting on a regular basis but no further review or check on the risks took place before his death regarding the other and also the fact his father had been released from a 5 year prison service after being charged with assault and murder. He had a long criminal history, drug misuse and also medical reports of having a brain injury.
Alex News was later convicted of the murder of his son. Social worker knew that the father was on parole but yet did not enquire why Social workers were concerned about fathers brain injury and risks towards child but did not enquire to see his medical history or seek advice about risks to the child Social workers did not undertake a rigorous assessment of risk regarding the leveler of the child and instead was naive/easily reassured and took the parents at face value as to what they were told by them Whole Child Protection Case Conference was flawed.
Left out crucial information regarding her previous kids taking into care, stated the parents were stable when in fact chronic drug addictions, nature of their criminal records, the fact Alex had brain injuries, no child protection plan was agreed so child was left at risk Health visitor did not visit regularly and the communication between agencies such as social work, addiction worker, doctor was almost non existent Poor recording of information Question 5 The policies in my workplace regarding protection are to; Workers are committed to devising and implementing policies so that everyone accepts their responsibilities to safeguard vulnerable adults from harm and abuse.
To follow procedures to protect adults and report any concerns about their welfare to appropriate authorities Promote good practice, providing vulnerable adults with appropriate safety/ protection whilst in the care of Y People service and to allow staff to make informed and confident responses to vulnerable adult protection issues Providing a safe ND secure environment for service users All suspicions and allegations of poor practice or abuse are taking seriously and responded to fast and appropriately The procedures in my workplace in relation to reporting suspicious and/or allegations of abuse are to stay calm as to not frighten the service user and to reassure them that they are not to blame and it was the right thing to do by reporting the alleged abuse. Staff members should then take the individual into an appropriate setting such as a private room and to make them feel comfortable by offering a soft or hot drink.
I would make sure I have a pen and paper to write down what is being said making sure it is accurately written, dated, time and signed by myself and the service user as this document could later be used in court as evidence. The information should be detailed and confined to the facts making sure not to include your own personal opinion. Staff should actively listen to the individual, showing them you are taking the allegation seriously and also being aware that your body language is in an open manner. Inform the individual that you will have to pass this information to other people guarding what they have told you. Staff should immediately inform the senior supervisor or any other staff member available about the report written/concerns raised who should then pass on the information to appropriate authorities.
This could be the police or social work The National Care Standards are made up of key principles such as ‘dignity, privacy, choice, safety, realizing potential and equality and diversity. They reflect the strong agreement that your experience of receiving services is very important and should be positive and that you also have rights. This act also created the Scottish Social Services Council who have the duty of promoting high standards of conduct and practice among social service workers, and in their education and training. RL Staff are compiled to follow these standards and can read them if they have queries about an issue or need reassurance of the standards expected within their job role.
The national care standards and CSS are put in place to also help safeguard individuals from harm and abuse from others in the service and also by staff members, for example regarding reporting abuse allegations within my placement on standard 8 of the National Care Standards in states; 8. ‘you can be confident that the housing support service provider deals with concerns and complaints quickly and sympathetically, and provides full information about what will happen as a result of the complaint’. D Question 5 There is a range of agencies that may be involved in supporting the Green Family such as Women’s Aid, their Local Council, Domestic Abuse Authorities, their local GAP, lawyer and Social Services.