Absolute Monarchs and the Scientific Revolution essay

Opposing them was a wrongdoing and since the do maintain part of individuals used to unequivocally have faith in God, Louis XIV and Philip II got away with imposing punishments because people, in a way, were apprehensive. The first of the two examples of absolute monarchs utilizing divine right to justify and legitimate t heir ruling is Louis XIV. Louis XIV was extremely controlling and one of the reasons he built the Pal ace of Versailles was because it was a way to control the nobles. He also fought numerous war s, some which he lost.

This cost the monarchy a considerable amount Of money and put them i n debt. Many rulers that believed in divine right, such as Louis XIV, got away with building lavish ro Yale residences or wearing luxurious attire. The Palace of Versailles is an example. The Palace of Versailles housed the French government during his reign. Louis XIV completely transform armed the palace after Louis XIII; he built north and south wings and truly added extravagance t o it. Of course, divine right gave Louis XIV an excuse to all of his actions and everyone follows d.

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Louis XIV utilized his rule as a part of a way that just profited himself, he did what he nee deed and could as a Shaded 2 result of his claim that God issued him energy to rule or his welkin saying, ‘Latent chest mom’ (l am the state’)” This implies he had complete control over everything. A way Louis XIV utilized divine right to satisfy himself was his daily ceremonies. Louis held a p reticular schedule and everybody needed to hear him out. “For instance, in the mornings he was washed, dressed, and nourished.

Before the nights over, everybody was welcomed over his Roy al residence for a supper and there Louis talked with individuals” (Extraterrestrials. FRR). The other absolute monarch that utilized divine right to legitimate his De concisions was Philip II. As indicated by Historiographers in their article Philip II and Government, ‘Philip II, as head of the government of Spain, believed in the divine right of monarchs an used this to justify a number of immoral and illegal acts, such as ordering murders. This is saying g that Philip II believed within the divine right of monarchs and used this to justify murders. He saw himself as guardian of the Roman Catholic Church and considered Protestant ideas defied NT so hundreds of Protestants were burned publicly to death. Nothing could be done without his clear approval and his decision making took very long. Philip II neglected the economy in favor Of slivers from Latin America. With his careless rules, Spain’s agriculture became progressively y worse and there ere heavy taxes on peasants but no tax on nobles and clergies and in 1598 S pain went bankrupt.

The way Philip II gained power over Spain was by his father Charles V; he then went on to increase his power by adapting absolute monarchy and centralizing his power “Philip II centralized royal power creating all government accountable to him. In his for TTY two years of running Spain, he was devoted to running the government. Another way he in creased his powers was by using the inquisition to ensure Protestants were punished and Catholic schism was enforced” (Bauer 17). Both Louis XIV and Philip II had faith their power to rule was given by God which is otherwise known as divine right.

They were both absolute monarchs that use d their rights for selfish acts such as building extravagant palaces, ordering the deaths of people e who aren’t Catholic, and unjustifiable treatment of individuals who are poor and rich. Nu numerous individuals left them unchallenged in light of the fact that they were hesitant to question God on the grounds that they accepted God really did issue them control. Speaking of people who question authority; two major Enlightenment philosophers who challenged the traditional order were Galileo Galilee Shaded 3 and Nicolas Copernicus.

The first of the TV’0 examples that challenged the Tara additional order is Galileo Galilee. Galileo Galilee was a standout amongst the most honored and well know n cosmologists, mathematicians and physicists ever. He had a significant part and was influence till in initiating the Scientific Revolution. For the duration of his life, Galileo incredibly added to as traditional observatory. He bettered the telescope, he rejected the Aristotelian view (hi chi was predominant in that period) and strengthened Copernican. Based on his study, Galileo c hose to back Copernicus’ perspective of the solar system.

It was his talking about the hellion nitric view and supporting Copernican that infuriated the Roman Catholic Church. As a co inclusion he spent whatever remains of his life under house arrest. Around then, the Catholic Chi arch was as intense as the harshest dictator today. Everything had to be approved by the Church chi, so Galileo got the Pope’s permission to compose a book on his perspectives. At that point one of Galileo adversaries brought Galileo before an Inquiry action, saying that his theories conflicted with the Church’s teachings. The Inquisition made Gail e kneel before them and confess that the heliocentric theory was false.

While spending his life e under house arrest he still figured out how to compose another book on his discoveries. If the Catholic Church found out about this book he would have been burned alive. Galileo u seed the enlivenment telescope to make his own observations. According to Irvine in his article The Heliocentric Theory: Copernicus, Galileo, Keeper, Newton, “He concentrated o n mountains and craters on the Earth’s moon, the phases of Venus, and the moons of Jupiter. P reticular lye he noted that Venus at times appears to be a crescent, just as the Earth’s moon does. A II of these findings purported Copernicus’ heliocentric theory’ (Irvine).

All things considered, wit h the beginning of the 20th century, the Church lifted the boycott forced on Galileo books and acclaimed him as the Father of Modern Sciences. Nicholas Copernicus influenced Galileo because Copernicus advanced the heliocentric theory, which states that the sun is the center and that all planets, including E earth, rotated around it. Galileo strongly believed that it was true, and attempted to help prove it, us ins his newly fixed telescope. Copernicus, being one of the most significant people, passed away not aware of the pricing he made in science and in the Scientific Revolution.